49. The reason due to which Haroun (as) said to Musa (as) [20:94] He said: O son of my mother! Seize me not by my beard nor by my head, and why he (as) did not say: ‘O son of my (as) father (as)’

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حدثنا علي بن احمد بن محمد، ومحمد بن احمد الشيباني، والحسين بن إبراهيم بن احمد بن هشام رضى الله عنه قالوا: حدثنا محمد بن أبى عبد الله الكوفي الاسدي قال: حدثنا موسى بن عمران النخعي، عن عمه الحسين بن زيد النوفلي، عن علي بن سالم، عن أبيه قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام: اخبرني عن هارون، لم قال لموسى عليه السلام يابن أم لا تأخذ بلحيتي ولا برأسي، ولم يقل يابن أبى؟ فقال: ان العداوات بين الاخوة اكثرها تكون إذا كانوا بني علات، ومتى كانوا بنى أم قلت العداواة بينهم، إلا أن ينزغ الشيطان بينهم فيطيعوه، فقال هارون لاخيه موسى: يا أخي الذي ولدته أمي ولم تلدني غير أمه لا تأخذ بلحيتي ولا برأسي، ولم يقل يابن أبى لان الاب إذا كانت أمهاتهم شتى لم تستبدع العداوة بيهم إلا من عصمه الله منهم، وانما تستبدع العداوة بين بني أم واحدة قال قلت له: فلم أخذ برأسه يجره إليه وبلحيته، ولم يكن له في اتخاذهم العجل وعبادتهم له ذنب؟ فقال: إنما فعل ذلك به لانه لم يفارقهم لما فعلوا ذلك ولم يلحق بموسى، وكان إذا فارقهم ينزل بهم العذاب، ألا ترى انه قال له موسى: يا هارون ما منعك إذا رأيتهم ضلوا ألا تتبعن أفعصيت أمري؟ قال هارون: لو فعلت ذلك لتفرقوا وإنى خشيت ان تقول لي فرقت بين بني اسرائيل، ولم ترقب قولي.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad, and Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al Shaybani, and Al Husayn Bin Ibrahim Bin Ahmad Bin Hisham narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy Al Asady, from Musa Bin Imran Al Nakhai’e, from his uncle Al Husayn Bin Zayd Al Nowfaly, from Ali Bin Saalim, from his father who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘Inform me about Haroun (as). Why did he (as) say to Musa (as) [20:94] He said: O son of my mother! Seize me not by my beard nor by my head. Why did he (as) not say: ‘O son of my (as) father (as)?’ So he (asws) said: ‘The enmity is a lot more between brothers if they happen to be from different mothers, and when they are from one mother, the enmity in between them is less, except when the Satan (la) creates misunderstandings in between them, so they (end up) following him (la). Thus, Haroun (as) said to his (as) brother (as) Musa (as): ‘O my (as) brother (as) who was given birth by my (as) mother, and was not given birth by another mother, so Seize me not by my beard nor by my head. And he (as) did not say: ‘O son (as) of my (as) father (as)’, because if there are of different mothers, the enmity does not end in between them except for the whom Allah (azwj) Protects. But rather, the enmity ends in between the sons of one mother. (The narrator) said, ‘I said to him (asws), ‘So why did he (as) seize him (as) by his (as) head and dragged by his (as) beard, and there was not for him (as) any sin when they (people) took to the worshipping of the calf?’ So the Imam (asws) said: ‘But rather, he (as) did that with him (as) because he (as) did not separate from them when they did that, and did not attach himself (as) with Musa (as). And when he (as) did separate from them the Punishment descended upon them. Do you not see that Musa (as) said to him (as) [20:92] (Musa) said: O Haroun! What prevented you, when you saw them going astray [20:93] So that you did not follow me? So you disobeyed my order?. Haroun (as) said: ‘Had I (as) done that, they would have been divided, and I was afraid lest you should say: You have caused a division among the Children of Israel and did not wait for my word’.