38. The reason due to which Yaqoub (as) said to his (as) sons [12:87] O my sons! Go and inquire respecting Yusuf and his brother

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حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود عن أبيه قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبى نصر، عن احمد بن محمد، عن العباس بن معروف، عن علي بن مهزيار، عن محمد بن اسماعيل، عن حنان بن سدير، عن أبيه قال: قلت لابي جعفر عليه السلام: إخبرنى عن يعقوب حين قال لولده: اذهبوا فتحسسوا من يوسف وأخيه، أكان علم انه حي وقد فارقه منذ عشرين سنة، وذهبت عيناه من الحزن؟ قال نعم علم انه حي، قلت وكيف علم؟ قال انه دعا في السحر ان يهبط عليه ملك الموت، فهبط عليه تريال فهو ملك الموت فقال له تريال ما حاجتك يا يعقوب؟ قال اخبرني عن الارواح تقبضها مجتمعة أو متفرقة، فقال بل متفرقة روحا روحا، قال: فمر بك روح يوسف، قال لا قال: فعند ذلك علم انه حي، فقال لولده: اذهبوا فتحسسوا من يوسف وأخيه.


1. Al Muzaffar Bin Ja’far Al Muzaffar Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Masoud, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Ali Bin Mahziyar, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Hanan Bin Sudeyr, from his father who said, ‘I said to Abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Inform me about the words of Yaqoub (as) to his (as) sons: [12:87] O my sons! Go and inquire respecting Yusuf and his brother, Did he (as) know that he (as) was alive, and there was a separation of twenty years between them?’ The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘Yes’. I said, ‘How did he (as) know?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (as) supplicated before dawn and asked Allah Mighty and Majestic that he should Send down to him (as) the Angel of Death. So Biryaal descended unto him (as), and he is the Angel of Death. So Biryaal said to him (as): ‘What is your (as) need, O Yaqoub (as)?’ He (as) said: ‘Inform me about the souls. Do you capture them altogether or separately?’ He said, ‘But, I capture them separately, soul by soul’. He (as) said to him: ‘So inform me, Did you come across the soul of Yusuf (as) in what you have passed by?’ He said: ‘No’. Thus, Yaqoub (as) came to know that he (as) was alive. So, due to that he (as) said “[12:87] O my sons! Go and inquire respecting Yusuf and his brother”.