30. The reason due to which Ibrahim (as) coveted the death after having disliked it

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد ابن عيسى، عن احمد بن أبى نصر، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن أبى بصير، عن أبى جعفر وأبى عبد الله عليهما السلام قال ان إبراهيم لما قضى مناسكه رجع إلى الشام فهلك، وكان سبب هلاكه ان ملك الموت أتاه ليقبضه، فكره إبراهيم الموت فرجع ملك الموت إلى ربه عزوجل فقال ان إبراهيم كره الموت، فقال دع إبراهيم فإنه يحب ان يعبدني. قال حتى رأى إبرهيم شيخا كبيرا يأكل ويخرج منه ما يأكله فكره الحياة وأحب الموت، فبلغنا ان إبراهيم أتى داره، فإذا فيها أحسن صورة ما رآها قط، قال من أنت؟ قال انا ملك الموت، قال سبحان الله من الذي يكره قربك وزيارتك وأنت بهذه الصورة، فقال يا خليل الرحمان ان الله تبارك وتعالى إذا اراد بعبد خيرا بعثنى إليه في هذه الصورة، وإذا اراد بعبد شرا بعثنى إليه في غير هذه الصورة، فقبض صلى الله عليه بالشام. وتوفي اسماعيل بعده وهو ابن ثلاثين ومائة سنة فدفن في الحجر مع أمه.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Ibn Isa, from Ahmad Bin Abu Nasr, from Aban Bin Usman, from Abu Baseer, Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and Abu Abdullah (a.s.) have said: ‘When Ibrahim (as) had fulfilled his (as) rituals, returned to Syria. So he (as) died (there). And the reason for his (as) death was that the Angel of Death came to him (as) for capturing his (as) soul, and Ibrahim (as) disliked the death. So the Angel of Death returned to his Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, so he said: ‘Ibrahim (as) dislikes the death’. So He (azwj) Said: “Leave Ibrahim (as), for he (as) loved that he (as) should worship Me (azwj)”. He (a.s.) said: ‘Until (one day) he (as) saw a very old man eating, and what he was eating kept coming out from him (could not eat properly). So he (as) (Ibrahim (as)) disliked the life and loved the death. So Ibrahim (as) came to his (as) house, and therein was a handsome faced (man) what he (as) had ever seen at all. He (as) said: ‘Who are you?’ He said: ‘I am the Angel of Death’. He said: ‘Glory be to Allah (azwj). Who is the one who would dislike being close to you, and visit you, and you are in this image?’ So he said: ‘O Friend of the Beneficent! Whenever Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Intends good with a servant, Sends me to him in this image, and whenever He (azwj) Intends evil with a servant, Sends to me him in other than this image’. So he captured him (as) (his (as) soul), at Syria. And Ismail (as) passed away after him (as), and he (as) was a son of three hundred years, and he (as) is buried in the rock along with his (as) mother’.




حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن محمد بن القاسم وغيره عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ان سارة قالت لا إبراهيم، يا إبراهيم قد كبرت فلو دعوت الله عزوجل ان يرزقك ولد تقرأعيننا به فإن الله قد اتخذك خليلا وهو مجيب لدعوتك ان شاء قال فسأل إبراهيم ربه ان يرزقه غلاما عليما، فأوحى الله عزوجل إليه: أنى واهب لك غلاما عليما. ثم ابلوك بالطاعة لي، قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام فمكث إبراهيم بعد البشارة ثلاث سنين ثم جاءته البشارة من الله عزوجل وان سارة قد قالت لابراهيم: انك قد كبرت وقرب أجلك، فلو دعوت الله عزوجل ان ينسئ في اجلك وان يمد لك في العمر فتعيش معنا وتقر اعيننا قال: فسأل إبراهيم ربه ذلك قال: فأوحى الله عزوجل إليه سل من زيادة العمرما أحببت تعطه، قال: فاخبر إبراهيم سارة بذلك، فقالت له: سل الله ان لا يميتك حتى تكون أنت الذي تسأله الموت، قال فسأل إبراهيم ربه ذلك، فأوحى الله عزوجل إليه ذلك لك، قال: فاخبر إبراهيم سارة بما أوحى الله عزوجل إليه في ذلك. فقالت سارة لابراهيم اشكر الله واعمل طعاما وادع عليه الفقراء وأهل الحاجة، قال: ففعل ذلك إبراهيم ودعا إليه الناس، فكان فيمن أتى رجل كبير ضعيف مكفوف معه فائد له فاجلسه على مائدته، قال: فمد الاعمى يده فتناول لقمة وأقبل بها نحو فيه، فجعلت تذهب يمينا وشمالا من ضعفه ثم أهوى بيده إلى جبهته فتناول قائده يده فجاء بها إلى فمه ثم تناول المكفوف لقمة فضرب بها عينه، قال: وإبراهيم عليه السلام ينظر الى المكفوف والى ما يصنع قال: فتعجب إبراهيم من ذلك وسأل قائده عن ذلك، فقال له القائد هذا الذي ترى من الضعف، فقال: إبراهيم في نفسه أليس إذا كبرت أصير مثل هذا؟ ثم ان إبراهيم سأل الله عزوجل حيث رأى من الشيخ ما رأى، فقال: اللهم توفنى في الاجل الذي كتبت لي فلا حاجة لي في الزيادة في العمر بعد الذي رأيت.


2. Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Mutawakkil narrated to us, from Abdullah Bin Ja’far Al Humeyri, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Muhammad Bin Al Qasim and someone else, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Sarah (as) said to Ibrahim (as): ‘O Ibrahim (as)! You (as) have aged. If only you (as) would supplicate to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic that He (azwj) should Grant you (as) a son by whom our (as) eyes would be delighted with, for Allah (azwj) has Taken you (as) as a friend, and He (azwj) would Answer your (as) supplication, if He (azwj) so Desires to’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So Ibrahim (as) asked his (as) Lord (azwj) that He (azwj) should Grant him (as) a knowledgeable boy. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed unto him (as): “I (azwj) shall be Granting you (as) a knowledgeable boy. Then I (azwj) shall Test you (as) for My (azwj) obedience”. Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘So Ibrahim (as) remained for three years, after the good news, then came the news from Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and that Sarah (as) had said to Ibrahim (as): ‘You (as) have aged and your (as) term (end of life) has drawn nearer, if only you (as) would supplicate to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic to Forget regarding your (as) term, and that He (azwj) should Extend for you (as) with regards to the age, so that you (as) would live with us (as) and that our (as) eyes may be delighted’. So Ibrahim (as) asked his (as) Lord (azwj) for that. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed unto him (as): “Ask for the Increase in the age whatever you (as) like, and you (as) shall be Granted it”. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘So Ibrahim (as) informed Sarah (as) of that. So she (as) said to him (as): ‘Ask Allah (azwj) that He (azwj) should not Cause you (as) to die until you (as) become such that you (as) would ask Him (azwj) for the death’. So Ibrahim (as) asked his (as) Lord (azwj) for that. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed unto him (as): “That is for you (as)!” He (a.s.) said: ‘So Ibrahim (as) informed Sarah with what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic had Revealed unto him (as) with regards to that. So Sarah (as) said to Ibrahim (as): ‘Thank Allah (azwj), and prepare food, and invite the poor and the needy upon it’. So Ibrahim (as) did that and invited the people to it. So, among the ones who came was an old man, weak, blind, with him was an aid of his who seated him upon the meal. So the blind man extended his hand to take a morsel and his reach was around it, but his hand went on to the right and the left due to his weakness. Then he placed his hand upon his forehead, so his guide grabbed his hand and went with it to his mouth. Then the blind man took the morsel and struck his eye with it. He (a.s.) said: ‘And Ibrahim (as) looked towards the blind and to what he was doing. So Ibrahim (as) was astounded from that and asked his guide about that. So the guide said to him (as), ‘This, what you see, is due to the weakness (of old age)’. So Ibrahim (as) said to himself (as): ‘Is it not that if I (as) were to get older, I (as) would become similar to that?’ It was then that Ibrahim (as) asked Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, where he (as) saw from the old man what he (as) saw, so he (as) said: ‘O Allah (azwj)! Cause me (as) to die in the term which You (azwj) have Ordained for me (as), for there is no need for me (as) with regards to the increase in the age after that which I (as) have seen’.