226. The reason for the occurrence of the Punishment of the grave

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن السندي بن محمد عن صفوان بن يحيى عن صفوان بن مهران بن الحسن عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: اقعد رجل من الاحبار في قبره فقيل له إنا جالدوك مائة جلدة من عذاب الله فقال لا اطيقها فلم يفعلوا حتى انتهوا إلى جلده واحدة فقالوا ليس منها بد قال فيما تجلدونيها قالوا نجلدك لانك صليت يوما بغير وضوء ومررت على ضعيف فلم تنصره، قال: فجلدوه جلدة من عذاب الله تعالى فامتلى قبره نارا.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Al Sindy Bin Muhammad, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Safwan Bin Mahran Bin Al Hassan, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘A man from the priests was made to sit in his grave, so it was said to him: ‘I will whip you with one hundred lashes from the Punishment of Allah (azwj)’. So he said, ‘I cannot bear it’. So they did not do it until they ended up to one lash of the whip. So they said, ‘There is no escape from it’. He said, ‘With regards to what are you going to be whipping me?’ They said, ‘We are whipping you because you Prayed one day without ablution, and you passed by a weak one but did not help him’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So they whipped him with one lash from the Punishment of Allah (azwj) the High, and his grave filled up with the fire’.




أخبرني علي بن حاتم قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد الهمداني قال أخبرني المنذر بن محمد قراءة قال: حدثني الحسين بن محمد قال: حدثنا علي بن القاسم عن أبي خالد عن زيد بن علي عن أبيه عن جده عن علي (ع) قال: عذاب القبر يكون من النميمة، والبول، وعزب الرجل عن أهله.


2. Ali Bin Hatim informed me, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Hamdany, from Al Manzar Bin Muhammad Qarat, from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Qasim, from Abu Khalid, from Zayd Bin Ali, from his father, from his grandfather, (Imam) Ali (a.s.) has said: ‘Punishment of the grave occur from the slandering, and the urine (impurity), and the melting (hiding away) of the man from his family’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه عن الحسين بن يزيد النوفلي عن إسماعيل بن مسلم السكوني، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد، عن أبيه، عن آبائه عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ضغطة القبر للمؤمن كفارة ة لما كان منه من تضييع النعم.


3. My father said, ‘Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim narrated to us, from his father, from Al Husayn Bin Yazeed Al Nowfaly, from Ismail Bin Muslim Al Sakuny, (It has been narrated) from Al-Sadiq Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.), from his (a.s.) forefathers (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Squeezing of the grave for the Believer is an expiation of what was from him, from the wasting of the Bounties’.




حدثنا أبو الحسن علي بن الحسين بن سفيان بن يعقوب بن الحارث ابن إبراهيم الهمداني في منزله بالكوفة قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله جعفر بن أحمد ابن يوسف الازدي قال: حدثنا علي بن نوح الحناط قال: حدثنا عمرو بن اليسع عن عبد الله بن سنان عن أبي عبد الله الصادق جعفر بن محمد (ع) قال: أتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقيل ان سعد بن معاذ قد مات فقام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وقام اصحابه فحمل فأمر فغسل على عضادة الباب فلما أن حنط وكفن وحمل على سريره تبعه رسول الله ثم كان يأخذ يمنه السرير مرة ويسرة السرير مرة حتى انتهى به إلى القبر فنزل به رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حتى لحده وسوى عليه اللبن وجعل يقول: ناولنى حجرا ناولنى ترابا رطبا يسد به مابين اللبن فلما ان فرغ وحثا التراب عليه وسوى قبره قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إنى لاعلم انه سيبلى ويصل إليه البلى ولكن الله تعالى يحب عبدا إذا عمل عملا فاحكمه، فلما ان سوى التربة عليه قالت أم سعد من جانب هنيئا لك الجنة فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يا أم سعد مه لا تجزمى على ربك فان سعدا قد اصابته ضمة قال ورجع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ورجع الناس فقالوا يا رسول الاله لقد رأيناك صنعت على سعد ما لم تصنعه على أحد انك تبعت جنازته بلا رداء ولا حذاء فقال صلى الله عليه وآله: ان الملائكة كانت بلا حذاء ولا رداء فتأسيت بهما قالوا وكنت تأخذ يمنة السرير مرة ويسرة السرير مرة قال: كانت يدي في يد جبرئيل آخذ حيث ما أخذ فقالوا أمرت بغسله وصليت على جنازته ولحدته ثم قلت ان سعدا قد اصابته ضمة قال: فقال صلى الله عليه وآله نعم انه كان في خلقه مع أهله سوء.


4. Abu Al Hassan Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Sufyan Bin Yaqoub Bin Al Haris Ibn Ibrahim Al Hamdany narrated to us in his house at Al Kufa, from Abu Abdullah Ja’far Bin Ahmad Ibn Yusuf Al Azdy, from Ali Bin Nuh Al Hanaat, from Amro Bin Al Yas’a, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, Abu Abdullah Al-Sadiq Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) has said: ‘Someone came to Rasool-Allah (azwj) and said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Muaz has died’. So Rasool-Allah (saww) arose and his (saww) companions arose. So he (saww) (participated) in carrying him, and ordered for him to be washed him upon the door post. So when he had been embalmed and shrouded and carried upon his coffin, Rasool-Allah (azwj) followed him. Then he (saww) was taking to be at the right of the coffin, and sometimes being at the left of it, until they ended up with him to the grave. So Rasool-Allah (saww) descended with him until he was placed in it, and the rocks were levelled upon him, and he (saww) went on saying: ‘Give me stones! Give me (saww) wet soil to fill in the gaps with what is between the rocks’. So when he (saww) was free from placing the soil upon him and levelling his grave, Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) know that he would be afflicted and the afflictions would arrive to him, but Allah (azwj) the High Loves a servant when he does a deed, so He (azwj) would Judge him’. So when he (saww) had evened the soil upon him, the mother of Sa’ad said from the side, ‘Congratulations to you of the Paradise!’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘O mother of Sa’ad! Shh! Do not assume (anything) to your Lord (azwj), for Sa’ad has been hit by a squeezing’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So when Rasool-Allah (saww) returned, and the people returned, so they said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Indeed, we have seen you (saww) do upon Sa’ad what you did not do upon anyone else. You (saww) followed his coffin with neither a robe nor shoes’. So he (saww) said: ‘The Angels were without shoes and robes, therefore I (saww) did the same as them regarding these two things’. They said, ‘And you (saww) were taking to the right of the coffin sometimes, and sometimes to the left of it?’ He (saww) said: ‘My (saww) hand was in the hand of Jibraeel (as). I (saww) took to wherever he (as) took me (saww)’. So they said, ‘You (saww) ordered for washing him, and Prayed upon his body, and placed him in his grave, then you (saww) said: ‘Sa’ad had been hit by a squeezing’?’ So he (saww) said: ‘Yes. He used to behave badly with his family’.