211. The reason due to which the adversaries exclaim upon the dead, four (Takbeers)

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حدثنا علي بن احمد قال: حدثنا محمد بن ابى عبد الله، عن موسى بن عمران عن عمه الحسين بن يزيد عن علي بن ابى حمزة عن ابى بصير قال قلت لابي عبد الله " ع " لاى علة يكبر على الميت خمس تكبيرات ويكبر مخالفونا باربع تكبيرات قال لان الدعائم التى بنى عليها الاسلام خمس الصلاة والزكاة والصوم والحج والولاية لنا أهل البيت فجعل الله عز وجل للميت من كل دعامة تكبيرة وانكم أقررتم بالخمس كلها واقر مخالفوكم باربع وانكروا واحدة فمن ذاك يكبرون على موتاهم أربع تكبيرات وتكبرون خمسا.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhmamad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Musa Bin Imran, from his uncle Al Husayn Bin Yazeed, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘For which reason do we exclaim with five Takbeers upon the dead and our adversaries are exclaiming with four Takbeers?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the foundational pillars upon which Al-Islam is based are five – The Salat (Prayer), and the Zakat, and the Soam (Fast), and the Hajj, and the Wilayah for us (asws), the People (asws) of the Household. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Made for the dead, from each pillar, one exclamation. And you all (Shias) are reciting with all the five, and your adversaries are reciting with four and denying one. Thus, from that, they are exclaiming upon their dead ones, four exclamations, and you are exclaiming five’.




أبى رحمه الله قال حدثنا على بن ابراهيم عن ابيه عن ابن ابى عمير عن هشام بن سالم، عن ابى عبد الله " ع " قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يكبر على قوم خمسا وعلى قوم أربعا فإذا يكبر على رجل أربعا أتهم الرجل.


2. My father said, ‘Ali Bin Ibrahim narrated to us, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Salim, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) used to exclaim five upon a people, and four upon a people. So whenever he (saww) exclaimed four upon a man, the man (was considered to be) denounced’.




محمد بن علي ماجيلويه عن محمد بن يحيى العطار عن جعفر بن محمد بن مالك قال: حدثنا احمد بن هيثم عن علي بن خطاب الخلال عن ابراهيم بن محمد ابن حمران قال: خرجنا إلى مكة فدخلنا على ابى عبد الله " ع " فذكر الصلاة على الجنايز فقال كان يعرف المؤمن والمنافق بتكبير رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله على المؤمن خمسا وعلى المنافق أربعا.


3. (It has been narrated from) Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Malik, from Ahmad Bin Haysam, from Ali Bin Khatab Al Khalal, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Ibn Hamran who said, ‘We went out to Makkah, so we went over to Abu Abdullah (asws). So the Prayer upon the funeral was mentioned, so he (asws) said: ‘The Believer and the hypocrites used to be recognised by the exclamations of Rasool-Allah (saww) – five upon the Believer, and four upon the hypocrite’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن محمد بن عيسى عمن ذكره قال: قال الرضا " ع " ما العلة في التكبيرة على الميت خمس تكبيرات؟ قلت رووا انها قد اشتقت من خمس صلوات فقال هذا ظاهر الحديث فاما باطنه فان الله عز وجل فرض على العباد خمس فرائض الصلاة والزكاة والصيام والحج والولاية فجعل للميت من كل فريضه تكبيرة واحدة فمن قبل الولاية كبر خمسا ومن لم يقبل الولاية كبر أربعا فمن أجل ذلك تكبرون خمسا ومن خالفكم يكبر أربعا.


4. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from the one who mentioned it who said, ‘Al-Reza (asws) said: What is the reason with regards to the exclamation upon the dead with five exclamations?’ I said, ‘It is reported that it has been derived from the five Prayers’. So he (asws) said: ‘This is the apparent Hadeeth. As for its esoteric, so Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Obligated upon the servants with five Obligations – The Salat (Prayer), and the Zakat, and the Soam (Fasts), and the Hajj, and the Wilayah, So He (azwj) Made one exclamation to be for the dead, from each of the Obligations. Thus, the one who accepted the Wilayah would exclaim five, and the one who does not accept the Wilayah would exclaim four. Therefore, it is due to that, that you are exclaiming five, and the ones from your adversaries are exclaiming four’.