205. The reason due to which the dead body is washed, and the reason due to which the one who washes it has to wash (himself), and the reason for the Praying over it

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ابى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا احمد بن ادريس قال: حدثنا محمد بن احمد بن يحيى بن عمران الاشعري قال: حدثنا حمدان بن سليمان، وحدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس النيسابوري العطار رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن محمد بن قتيبة النيسابوري عن حمدان بن سليمان النيسابوري عن الحسن بن علي بن فضال عن هارون بن حمزة عن بعض أصحابنا عن علي بن الحسن عليهما السلام قال: ان المخلوق لا يموت حتى تخرج منه النطفة التى خلقه الله تعالى منها من فيه أو من غيره.


1. My father said, ‘Ahmad Bin Idrees said, ‘Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Imran Al Ashary, from Hamdan Bin Suleyman; and Abdul Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdous Al Neysabouri Al Ataar narrated o us, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Quteyba Al neysabouri, from Hamdan Bin Suleyman Al Neysabouri, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazal, from Haroun Bin Hamza, from one of our companions, Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Hassan (a.s.) has said: ‘The creature does not die until there exits from him the seed which Allah (azwj) the High Created him from, (either) from his mouth, or from other’.




اخبرني علي بن حاتم قال: اخبرنا القاسم بن محمد قال: حدثنا ابراهيم ابن مخلد قال حدثنا ابراهيم بن محمد بن بشير عن محمد بن سنان عن ابى عبد الله القزويني قال: سألت ابا جعفر محمد بن علي عليهما السلام عن غسل الميت لاي علة يغسل ولاي علة يغتسل الغاسل؟ قال: يغسل الميت لانه جنب ولتلاقيه الملائكة وهو طاهر وكذلك الغاسل لتلاقيه المؤمنين.


2. Ali Bin Hatim informed me, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Ibrahim Ibn Makhlad, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin Basheer, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Abu Abdullah Al Qazwiny who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) about the washing of the dead body, for which reason is it to be washed, and for reason does the washer has to wash (himself)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The dead body is washed because it is in a state of impurity and would be meeting the Angels, and he would be clean; and similar to that is the washer, he would be meeting the Believers’.




أخبرنا ابى رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن أبى عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن ربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا عليه السلام كتب إليه في جواب مسائله علة غسل الميت انه يغسل لان يطهر وينظف من ادناس أمراضه وما أصابه من صنوف علله لانه يلقى الملائكة ويباشر أهل الآخرة فيستحب إذا ورد على الله عز وجل وأهل الطهارة ويماسونه ويماسهم ان يكون طاهرا نظيفا موجها به إلى الله عز وجل ليطلب وجهه وليشفع له، وعلة اخرى انه يقال يخرج منه القذى الذي خلق منه فيكون غسله له، وعلة اخرى اغتسال من غسله أو لامسه لظاهر ما أصابه من نضح الميت، لان الميت إذا خرج الروح منه بقي اكثر آفته فلذلك يتطهر له ويطهر.


3. My father informed us saying, ‘Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Rabi’e Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan, that Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to his question about the reason for washing the dead body: ‘He (the dead) is washed because he has to be purified and cleaned from the diseases, and whatever had hit him from the types of illnesses, because he would be meeting the Angels and be received by the inhabitants of the Hereafter. Therefore it is recommended that when he Returns to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic and the People (a.s.) of the Purity, and he touches them (a.s.), and they touch him, he should happen to be clean and spotless, so that he can be faced towards Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic in order seek His (azwj) Face (Forgiveness) and he can be interceded for. And the other reason is that the speck which he had been Created from, comes out from him, so the washing has to be done to him. And the other reason for the washing of the one who washed him (the dead body), or touches what is apparent, what hits him from the fluids of the body, because the dead, when the soul exits from it, most of his afflictions remain. Therefore, it is due to that, the one who purifies him, should purify (himself)’.




وعنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن عمر بن ابى عمير قال: حدثنا محمد بن عمار البصري عن عباد بن صهيب عن جعفر بن محمد عن ابيه عليهما السلام انه سئل ما بال الميت يغسل؟ قال: للنطفة التى خلق منها يرمى بها.


4. And from him who said, Muhammad Bin Umar Bin Abu Umeyr narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Amaar Al Basry, from Abaad Bin Saheyb, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) having been asked, ‘What is the matter of the dead to be washed?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Due to the seed which he had been Created from, being thrown out (at the time of death)’.




حدثني االحسين بن احمد رحمه الله، عن ابيه قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد ابن عيسى عن احمد بن محمد بن ابى نصر عن عبد الرحمن بن حماد قال: سألت أبا ابراهيم عليه السلام عن الميت لم يغسل غسل الجنابة؟ قال: ان الله تبارك وتعالى أعلا واخلص من ان يبعث اشياء بيده، ان لله تبارك وتعالى ملكين خلاقين فإذا أراد ان يخلق خلقا أمر أولئك الخلاقين فاخذوا من التربة التى قال الله عز وجل في كتابه (منها خلقناكم وفيها نعيدكم ومنها نخرجكم تارة أخرى) فعجنوها بالنطفة المسكنة في الرحم فإذا عجنت النطفة بالتربة قالا: يا رب ما نخلق؟ قال فيوحي الله تبارك وتعالى اليهما ما يريد من ذلك ذكرا أو أنثى مؤمنا أو كافرا أسود أو أبيض شقيقا أو سعيدا، فإذا مات سالت منه تلك النطفة بعينها لاغيرها، فمن ثم صار الميت يغسل غسل الجنابة.


5. Al Husayn Bin Ahmad narrated to me, from his father, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Ibn Isa, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr, from Abdul Rahman Bin Hamaad who said, ‘I asked Abu Ibrahim (a.s.) (7 (th) Imam (a.s.)), about the dead body, why it is to be washed with a major ablution (غسل الجنابة)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High is Higher and Purer that He (azwj) would Send things by His (azwj) Hands. Allah (azwj) Blessed and High has two creating Angels. So whenever He (azwj) intends that He (azwj) should Create a creature, Commands those two creating Angels, so they grab from the soil for which Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Said in His (azwj) Book [20:55] From it We Created you and into it We shall be Sending you back and from it will We Bring you out once again. So these two (creating Angels) knead it (the soil) with the seed which has settled in the womb. So when they have kneaded the seed with the soil, they both said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! What shall we create?’ So Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Revealed unto them both whatever He (azwj) Intends from that - male or female, Believer or Infidel, black or white, wretched or happy. So when he dies, that seed flows away from him, that very one, not any other. Thus, from then, the dead becomes such that is requires the washing of the major ablution (غسل الجنابة)’.