191. Etiquettes of the bathroom

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال عن الحسن بن علي عن عبد الله بن بكير عن عبد الله بن أبى يعفور قال: لا حاني زرارة بن أعين في نتف الابط وحلقه فقلت نتفه أفضل من حلقه وطليه أفضل منهما جميعا فاتينا باب ابى عبد الله " ع " فطلبنا الاذن عليه فقيل لنا هو في الحمام فذهبنا إلى الحمام فخرج صلى الله عليه علينا وقد اطلى ابطه فقلت لزرارة يكفيك؟ قال: لا لعله إنما فعله لعلة به فقال فيما اتيتما فقلت لاحانى زرارة بن أعين في نتف الابط وحلقه، فقلت نتفه أفضل من حلقه وطليه أفضل منهما، فقال أما انك أصبت السنة واخطأها زرارة اما ان نتفه أفضل من حلقه وطليه أفضل منهما، ثم قال لنا اطليا فقلنا فعلنا منذ ثلاث فقال أعيدا فان الاطلاء طهور ففعلنا فقال لي تعلم يابن أبى يعفور فقلت جعلت فداك علمني فقال إياك والاضطجاع في الحمام فانه يذيب شحم الكليتين وإياك والاستلقاء على القفاء في الحمام فانه يورث داء الدبيلة، وإياك والتمشط في الحمام فانه يورث وباء الشعر، واياك والسواك في الحمام فانه يورث وباء الاسنان، وإياك ان تغسل رأسك بالطين فانه يسمج الوجه، وإياك ان تدلك رأسك ووجهك بميزر فانه يذهب بماء الوجه، وإياك ان تدلك تحت قدمك بالخزف فانه يورث البرص، وإياك ان تغتسل من غسالة الحمام ففيها يجتمع غسالة اليهودي والنصراني والمجوسي والناصب لنا أهل البيت وهو شرهم فان الله تبارك وتعالى لم يخلق خلقا انجس من الكلب وان الناصب لنا أهل البيت انجس منه. (قال مصنف هذا الكتاب) رويت في خبر آخر أن هذا الطين هو طين مصر وان هذا الخزف هو خزف الشام.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazal, from Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Abdullah Bin Bakeyr, from Abdullah Bin Abu Yafour who said, ‘Zarara Bin Ayn did not agree with me with regards to plucking (the hair) from the armpits and shaving it. So I said, ‘Plucking it is preferable to shaving it, and waxing it is better than both of these’. So we came over to the door of Abu Abdullah (asws). We sought permission to (see) him (asws), but it was said to us, ‘He (asws) is in the (Public) baths’. So we went over to the baths, and he (asws) came out to us, and he (asws) had applied wax to his (asws) armpits. So I said to Zarara, ‘Is it sufficient for you (now)?’ He said, ‘No. But rather, perhaps he (asws) has done it due to a reason for it’. So he (asws) said: ‘Regarding what have you both come over?’ So I said, ‘Zarara Bin Ayan did not agree with me with regards to plucking the hair from the armpits and its shaving. So I said that plucking is better than shaving it, and waxing it is better than both of these’. So he (asws) said: ‘But, you have hit the Sunnah, and Zarara has erred in it. Plucking it is better than shaving it, and waxing it is better than both of these’. Then he (asws) said to us: ‘Wax it’. So we said, ‘We have done it three days ago’. So he (asws) said: ‘Repeat it, for the waxing is a purifier’. So we did it. So he (asws) to us: ‘Learn, O Ibn Abu Yafour!’ So I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws), teach me’. So he (asws) said: ‘Beware of lying down in the bath, for it melts the fat of the two kidneys. And beware of lying down upon your right in the bath, for it inherits the illness of empyema (pus in the chest). And beware of combing in the bath, for it inherits the plague of hair. And beware of brushing in the bath, for it inherits the plague of the teeth. And beware washing your head with (Egyptian) mud, for it disfigures the face. And beware of rubbing your head and your face with leather for it takes away the water of the face. And beware of rubbing your feet with (Syrian) clay under it, for it inherits the vitiligo. And beware of washing from the washer of the bath, for therein gather the bathers from the Jews, and the Christians, and the Magians, and the Nasibis, hostile ones to us (asws), the People (asws) of the Household, and they are the most evil of them, for Allah (azwj) Blessed and High did not Create a creature filthier than the dog, and the one who is hostile to us (asws), the People (asws) of the Household is filthier than it’.