181. The reason due to which it is allowed for the (woman) menstruating and the (man) with sexual impurity to pass through the Masjid, and not place anything in it

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أبى رحمه الله قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال حدثنا يعقوب بن يزيد عن حماد بن عيسى عن حريز عن زرارة ومحمد بن مسلم عن ابى جعفر عليه السلام قالا: قلنا له الحائض والجنب يدخلان المسجد أم لا؟ قال الحائض والجنب لا يدخلان المسجد إلا مجتازين ان الله تبارك وتعالى يقول: (ولاجنبا إلا عابري سبيل حتى تغتسلوا) ويأخذان من المسجد ولا يضعان فيه شيئا قال زرارة: قلت له فما بالهما ياخذان منه ولا يضعان فيه؟ قال: لانهما لا يقدران على أخذ ما فيه إلا منه ويقدران على وضع ما بيدهما في غيره قلت فهل يقرآن من القرآن شيئا قال: نعم ما شاءا إلا السجدة ويذكران الله على كل حال.

1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Hareyz, from Zarara and Muhammad Bin Muslim, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.), both of them said, ‘We said to him (a.s.), ‘Can the menstruating (woman), and the sexually impure (man) both enter the Masjid, or not?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The menstruating (woman) and the sexually impure (man) cannot enter the Masjid except when passing by. Allah (azwj) Blessed and High is Saying [4:43] nor when you are under an Obligation to perform a bath - unless (you are) travelling on the road, both can be taking something from the Masjid, and not placing anything in it’. Zurara said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘So what is the matter with both of them to be taking (something) from it, and not place anything in it?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because both of them have no ability (choice) upon taking whatever is in it except (to take) from it, and they are able to place whatever in their hands, somewhere else’. I said, ‘So can they both be reciting anything from the Quran?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Yes, whatever they like, except for the Prostration (Verses), and they can both mention Allah (azwj) upon every situation’.