174. Reason for the Obligation of the washing on the day of Friday

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن هاشم عن علي بن معبد عن الحسين بن خالد الصيرفى قال: سألت ابا الحسن الاول عليه السلام كيف صار غسل الجمعة واجبا؟ قال: فقال ان الله تبارك وتعالى أتم صلاة الفريضة بصلاة النافلة واتم صيام الفريضة بصيام النافلة واتم وضوء الفريضة بغسل يوم الجمعة فيما كان من ذلك من سهواو تقصيراو نسيان.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ali Bin Ma’bad, from Al Husayn Bin Khalid Al Sayrafi who said, ‘I asked Abu Al Hassan (a.s.) the First, ‘How did the washing on the day of Friday become Obligatory?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Completed the Obligatory Prayer with the Optional Prayer, and Completed the Obligatory Fast with the Optional Fast, and Completed the Obligatory ablution with the washing on the day of the Friday, in what was from that, from mistakes, or deficiencies, or forgetfulness’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار عن محمد بن احمد، عن ابراهيم بن اسحاق، عن عبد الله بن حماد الانصاري، عن صباح المزني عن الحارث عن الاصبغ بن نباتة قال: كان علي " ع " إذا أراد ان يوبخ الرجل يقول له أنت أعجز من تارك الغسل يوم الجمعة، فانه لا يزال في طهر إلى الجمعة الاخرى.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ibrahim Bin Is’haq, from Abdullah Bin Hamaad Al Ansary, from Sabah Al Mazny, from Al Haris, from Al Asbagh Bin Nabata who said, ‘Whenever Ali (a.s.) intended to embrace the man, he (a.s.) would be saying to him: ‘Are you frustrated from leaving the washing on the day of Friday, for it does not cease to purify until the next Friday’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه عن عمه عن محمد بن علي الكوفي عن محمد ابن سنان ان الرضا عليه السلام كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة غسل العيدين والجمعة وغير ذلك من الاغسال لما فيه من تعظيم العبد ربه واستقباله الكريم الجليل وطلبه المغفرة لذنوبه وليكون لهم يوم عيد معروف يجتمعون فيه على ذكر الله فجعل فيه الغسل تعظيما لذلك اليوم وتفضيلا له على سائر الايام وزيادة في النوافل والعبادة، وليكون ذلك طهارة له من الجمعة إلى الجمعة.


3. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Muhammad Ibn Sinan that, ‘Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to what he had written asking him (a.s.) about the reason for the washing for the two Eids, and the Friday, and other than that from the washings. (He (a.s.) wrote): ‘So that (it would be known from it) the reverence placed by the servant to his Lord (azwj), and is facing the Benevolent, the Majestic, and is seeking the Forgiveness for his sins; and the day of Eid would become well known for them, in which they would be gathering for the Mentioning of Allah (azwj). Therefore, He (azwj) Made the washing in it as a reverence for that day, and Gave it the preference over the rest of the days, and that they would be (Praying the) optional Prayers and worshipping more; and that would become a purification for a person, from a Friday to a Friday’.