17. Reason how the offspring began

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن احمد بن الوليد رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا أحمد بن ادريس ومحمد بن يحيى العطار جميعا قالا: حدثنا محمد بن احمد بن يحيى بن عمران الاشعري قال: حدثنا احمد بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن أحمد بن ابراهيم بن عمار قال: حدثنا ابن نويه رواه، عن زرارة قال: سئل أبو عبد الله عليه السلام كيف بدؤ النسل من ذرية آدم عليه السلام فإن عندنا اناس يقولون ان الله تبارك وتعالى أوحى إلى آدم عليه السلام ان يزوج بناته من بنيه وان هذا الخلق كله أصله من الاخوة والاخوات؟ قال أبو عبد الله: سبحان الله وتعالى عن ذلك علوا كبيرا، يقول من يقول هذا إن الله عزوجل جعل أصل صفوة خلقه وأحبائه وأنبيائه ورسله وحججه والمؤمنين والمؤمنات والمسلمين والمسلمات من حرام، ولم يكن له من القدرة ما يخلقهم من الحلال وقد أخذ ميثاقهم على الحلال والطهر والطاهر الطيب والله لقد نبأت ان بعض البهائم تنكرت له أخته فلما نزا عليها ونزل كشف له عنها وعلم انها أخته أخرج عزموله ثم قبض عليه باسنانه ثم قلعه ثم خر ميتا. قال زرارة: ثم سئل " ع " عن خلق حواء وقيل له ان اناسا عندنا يقولون ان الله عزوجل خلق حواء من ضلع آدم الايسر الاقصى؟ قال سبحان الله وتعالى عن ذلك علوا كبيرا، أيقول من يقول هذا إن الله تبارك وتعالى لم يكن له من القدرة ما يخلق لآدم زوجته من غير ضعله، وجعل لمتكلم من أهل التشنيع سبيلا إلى الكلام، يقول ان آدم كان ينكح بعضه بعضا إذا كانت من ضلعه ما لهؤلاء حكم الله بيننا وبينهم، ثم قال ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما خلق آدم من الطين وأمر الملائكة فسجدوا له ألقى عليه السبات ثم أبتدع له خلقا، ثم جعلها في موضع النقرة التى بين وركيه، وذلك لكي تكون المرأة تبعا للرجل، فاقبلت تتحرك فانتبه لتحركها فلما انتبه نوديت ان تنحى عنه فلما نظر الى إليها نظر الى خلق حسن تشبه صورته غير أنها أنثى فكلمها فكلمته بلغته، فقال لها من أنت؟ فقالت خلق خلقني الله كما ترى، فقال آدم عند ذلك يا رب من هذا الخلق الحسن الذي قد آنسني قربة والنظر إليه؟ فقال الله هذه أمتى حواء أفتحب ان تكون معك فتونسك وتحدثك وتأتمر لامرك؟ قال: نعم يا رب ولك بذلك الحمد والشكر ما بقيت، فقال الله تبارك وتعالى فاخطبها إلى فانها أمتى وقد تصلح أيضا للشهوة، والقى الله عليه الشهوة وقد علمه قبل ذلك المعرفة، فقال يا رب فانى أخطبها اليك فما رضاك لذلك؟ فقال رضائي ان تعلمها معالم ديني، فقال ذلك لك يا رب أن شئت ذلك، قال: قد شئت ذلك وقد زوجتكها فضمها اليك، فقال: أقبلي، فقالت بل أنت فاقبل إلي، فامر الله عزوجل آدم ان يقوم إليها فقام، ولولا ذلك لكان النساء هن يذهبن إلى الرجال حتى خطبن على انفسهن، فهذه قصة حواء صلوات الله عليها.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, and Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar both together, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Imran Al Ash’ary, from Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazaal, from ahmad Bin Ibrahim Bin Amaar, from Ibn Nawiya, from Zarara who said, ‘‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the beginning of the offspring from Adam (as), how did this come about? And about the offspring from the offspring of Adam (as), (2nd generation) for there are people who are saying, ‘Allah (azwj) the High Revealed unto Adam (as) that he (as) should get his (as) daughters to be married to his (as) sons, and that the people, all of them, their origin is from brothers and sisters?’ So Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘Glorified is Allah (azwj), Higher than that, Higher, Greater! The one who said this is saying that Allah (azwj) Majestic and Mighty Created the elite of His (azwj) creatures, and the ones Beloved to Him (azwj), and His (azwj) Prophets (as), and His (azwj) Rasools (as), and the believing men, and the believing women, and the Muslim men, and the Muslim women unlawfully, and did not have the ability to Create them lawfully, and He (azwj) has Taken the Covenant upon the Lawful, and the Purified, and the good. And Allah (azwj) has (even) Informed some of the animals that it should keep away from its sister. So when it descends upon it and when it find out that it is its sister, grabs it by its teeth until it cuts it, so it falls down dead. Zarara said, ‘The I asked him (asws) about the Creation of Hawwa (as) and said to him (asws) that some people among us are saying that Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Created Hawwa (as) from far-right rib of Adam (as)?’ He (asws) said: ‘Glorified is Allah (azwj), Higher than that, Higher, Greater! Is he saying, the one who is saying this, that Allah (azwj) Blessed and High did not have the Power to Create for Adam (as), his (as) wife (as) from other than his (as) rib, and made a way for the speakers from the slanderous people, to be saying that Adam (as) had married some of his (as) part (children) to each other. Since they were from his (as) rib, what is the (difference in the) Judgement of Allah (azwj) for them, between us and them?’ Then he (asws) said: ‘When Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Created Adam (as) from the clay and Commanded the Angels, so they Prostrated to him (as). Then dormancy was cast over him (as) (Adam (as)). Then a creation was begun for him (as) (Hawwa (as)). Then she (as) was Made to be in the place of the waist which was between his (as) hips, and it is due to that, that the women act in accordance to the men. So she (as) started turning and moving by his (as) side. So he (as) paid attention to her (as) movement. So when he (as) noticed it, there was a Call telling her (as) to move away from him (as). So when he (as) looked at her (as), he (as) looked at a beautiful creature, resembling him (as) in image, except that she (as) was a female. So he (as) spoke to her (as), and she (as) spoke to him (as) in his (as) language. So he (as) said to her (as): ‘Who are you (as)?’ So she (as) said: ‘A creature. Allah (azwj) Created me (as) just as you (as) see’. So Adam (as) said during that: ‘O Lord (azwj)! Who is this beautiful creature which has drawn my (as) affection, and the looking at her (as)?’ So Allah (azwj) Said: “This is My (azwj) Maid Hawwa (as). Would you (as) like her (as) to be with you (as), so she (as) would be affectionate to you (as), and converse with you (as), and obey your (as) orders?” He (as) said: ‘Yes, O Lord (azwj)! To You (azwj), due to that, is the Praise, and the thanks, for as long as I (as) remain’. So Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Said: “So address her (as) (for marriage) to Me (azwj) for she (as) is My (azwj) maid, and she (as) is correct as well for the desire”. And Allah (azwj) Cast desire over him (as), and before that had Taught him (as) the recognition. So he (as) said: ‘So I (as) hereby address her (as) (for marriage), to You (azwj), so what is Your (azwj) Satisfaction for that?’ So He (azwj) Said: “My (azwj) Satisfaction is that you (as) should teach her (asws) the features of My (azwj) Religion”. So he (as) said: ‘Such would be case for You (azwj), O Lord (azwj), if You (azwj) so Desire that’. He (azwj) Said: ‘I (azwj) do Desire that, and have hereby Married her (as) to you (as), and Combined her (as) to you (as)”. So he (as) said: ‘Come to me (as)’. So she (as) said: ‘But you (as) come to me (as)’. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Commanded Adam (as) that he (as) should arise to go to her (as), so he (as) stood. And had it not been for that, the women would have gone to the men until they address them to themselves. So this is the story of Hawwa (as)’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن الحسين بن الحسن ابن ابان، عن محمد بن أورمة، عن النوفلي، عن على بن داود اليعقوبي عن الحسن بن مقاتل، عمن سمع زرارة يقول سئل أبو عبد الله عليه السلام عن بدء النسل من آدم كيف كان وعن بدء النسل عن ذرية آدم فان أناسا عندنا يقولون ان الله عزوجل أوحى إلى آدم يزوج بناته ببنيه وان هذا الخلق كله أصله من الاخوة والاخوات؟ فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: تعالى الله عن ذلك علوا كبيرا يقول من قال هذا بان الله عزوجل خلق صفوة خلقه واحبائه وأنبيائه ورسله والمؤمنين والمؤمنات والمسلمين والمسلمات من حرام ولم يكن له من القدرة ما يخلقهم من حلال وقد أخذ ميثاقهم على الحلال الطهر الطاهر الطيب، فوالله لقد تبينت ان بعض البهائم تنكرت له أخته فلما نزاعليها ونزل كشف له عنها فلما علم أنها أخته أخرج عزموله ثم قبض عليه باسنانه حتى قطعه فخر ميتا، وآخر تنكرت اله أمه ففعل هذا بعينه فكيف الانسان في انسيته وفضله وعلمه، غيران جيلا من هذا الخلق الذي ترون رغبوا عن علم أهل بيوتات انبيائهم وأخذوا من حيث لم يؤمروا بأخذه فصاروا إلى ما قد ترون من الضلال والجهل بالعلم، كيف كانت الاشياء الماضية من بدء ان خلق الله ما خلق وما هو كاين ابدا، ثم قال ويح هؤلاء أين هم عما لم يختلف فيه فقهاء أهل الحجاز ولا فقهاء أهل العراق ان الله عزوجل أمر القلم فجرى على اللوح المحفوظ بما هو كاين إلى يوم القيامة قبل خلق آدم بالفى عام وان كتب الله كلها فيما جرى فيه القلم في كلها تحريم الاخوات على الاخوة مع ما حرم وهذا نحن قد نرى منها هذه الكتب الاربعة المشهورة في هذا العالم: التوراة والانجيل والزبور والفرقان، أنزلها الله عن اللوح المحفوظ عن رسله صلوات الله عليهم اجمعين، منها التوراة على موسى (عليه السلام) والزبور على داود (عليه السلام) والانجيل على عيسى (عليه السلام) والقرآن على محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وعلى النبيين عليهم السلام، وليس فيها تحليل شئ من ذلك، حقا أقول ما أراد من يقول هذا وشبهه إلا تقوية حجج المجو س فمالهم قاتلهم الله، ثم انشأ يحدثنا كيف كان بدء النسل من آدم وكيف كان بد النسل من ذرية، فقال: ان آدم عليه السلام ولد له سبعون بطنا في كل بطن غلام وجارية إلى ان قتل هابيل، فلما قتل قابيل هابيل جزع آدم على هابيل جزعا قطعه عن اتيان النساء فبقى لا يستطيع ان يغشى حواء خمسمائة عام ثم تخلى ما به من الجزع عليه فغشى حواء فوهب الله له شيئا وحده ليس معه ثان، واسم شيث هبة الله وهو أول من أوصى إليه من الآدميين في الارض، ثم ولد له من بعد شيث يافث ليس معه ثان فلما ادركا وأراد الله عزوجل ان يبلغ بالنسل ما ترون وان يكون ما قد جرى به القلم من تحريم ما حرم الله عزوجل من الاخوات على الاخوة انزل بعد العصر في يوم الخميس حوراء من الجنة اسمها (نزلة) فأمر الله عزوجل آدم ان يزوجها من شيث فزوجها منه، ثم أنزل بعد العصر حوراء من الجنة اسمها (منزلة) فأمر الله تعالى آدم ان يزوجها من يافث فزوجها منه فولد لشيث غلام وولدت ليافث جارية فأمر الله عزوجل آدم حين ادركا ان يزوج بنت يافث من ابن شيث ففعل فولد الصفوة من النبيين والمرسلين من نسلهما ومعاذ الله ان يكون ذلك على ما قالوا من الاخوة والاخوات.


2. My father narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar, from Al Husayn Bin Al Hasan Ibn Aban, from Muhammad Bin Urwa, from Al Nowfaly, from Ali Bin Dawood Al Yaqouby, from Al Hassan Bin Maqatal, from the one who heard Zarara saying, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) was asked about the beginning of the offspring from Adam (as), how was it, and about the beginning of the offspring from the offspring of Adam (as), for there are people among us who are saying that Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed unto Adam (as) to get his (as) daughters to be married to his (as) sons, and that, this people (today), all of them, their origin is from the brothers and the sister?’ So Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘Allah (azwj) is Higher than that, Higher, Greater! The one who said this is saying that Allah (azwj) Majestic and Mighty Created the elite of His (azwj) creatures, and the ones Beloved to Him (azwj), and His (azwj) Prophets (as), and His (azwj) Rasools (as), and the believing men, and the believing women, and the Muslim men, and the Muslim women unlawfully, and did not have the ability to Create them lawfully, and He (azwj) has Taken the Covenant upon the Lawful, and the Purified, and the good. And Allah (azwj) has (even) Informed some of the animals that it should keep away from its sister. So when it descends upon it and when it find out that it is its sister, grabs it by its teeth until it cuts it, so it falls down dead. And it also dislikes (copulating) with its mother and it acts in the same way. So how can the human being (do this) forgetting his preference and his knowledge? But, a generation from these people which you are seeing have turned away from the knowledge of the Household of their Prophets (as) and took from where they had not been Ordered to take it from, thus they became what you have been seeing, from the straying and the ignorance with the knowledge. How it was with the things in the past, from the beginning of the Creation of Allah (azwj) what He (azwj) Created, and (this is) what it will be happening, forever’. Then he (asws) said: ‘Woe be upon them! Where are they? Blind from what the jurist of the people of Al-Hijaz and the jurists of the people of Al-Iraq are not differing in, that Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Commanded the Pen, so it flowed upon the Guarded Tablet with (writing) what would be happening up to the Day of Judgement, two thousand years before the Creation of Adam (as), and the Allah (azwj) Wrote all of this, with regards to what the Pen flowed, and in all of this is the Prohibition of the sisters upon the brothers, along with whatever (else) was Prohibited. And this, we have seen from it in these four Books, in this world – The Torah, and the Evangel, and the Psalms, and the Furqaan (Quran). Allah (azwj) Revealed these from the Guarded Tablet unto His (azwj) Rasools (as), all of them. From these, the Torah was upon Musa (as), and the Psalm was upon Dawood (as), and the Evangel was upon Isa (as), and the Quran was upon Muhammad (saww), and there is no Permission in these (Books) for anything from that (marriage between brothers and sisters). Truth is what I (asws) am saying. He is not intending, the one who is saying this and what resembles it, except to strengthen the argument of the Magians. So what is the matter with them? May Allah (azwj) Kill them!’ Then he (asws) established in narrating to us, how the offspring of Adam (as) began, and how the offspring began from his (as) offspring. So he (asws) said: ‘There were born unto Adam (as), seventy pregnancies (of Hawwa (as)), in each pregnancy was a slave and a maid (boy and a girl) up to the killing of Habeel (as). So when Qabeel (la) killed Habeel (as), Adam (as) was aggrieved upon Habbeel (as) with such grief that he (as) cut off from the women. So he (as) remained not copulating with Hawwa (as) for five hundred years. Then his (as) grief which was with him (as) subsided, so he (as) copulated with Hawwa (as), and Allah (azwj) Granted to him (as), one thing, and there was no second along with it (single birth, not twins). And the name of Shees (as) was Hibtallah (as), and he (as) was the first one who was bequeathed to, from the human beings, in the earth. Then there was born unto him (as) Yafas (as), not having a second with him (as). So when they became aware (adults), Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Intended that their offspring to reach what you are seeing, and since the Pen had flowed from Prohibiting what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic had Prohibited, from the sisters upon the brothers, after some time, on the Day of Thursday, Caused a Hourie to descend from the Paradise, her name being Nazalat. So, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Commanded Adam (as) that he (as) should get her married to Shees (as). So he (as) got her to be married to him (as). Then, after some time, a Hourie descended from the Paradise, her name being Manzalat. So Allah (azwj) the High Commanded Adam (as) that he (as) should get her to be married to Yafas, so he (as) got her to be married to him. A boy was born unto Shees (as), and a girl was born unto Yafas. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Commanded Adam (as), when they attained awareness (adults), to get the daughter of Yafas to be married to the son of Shees (as). So he (as) did it. Thus the elites from the Prophets (as), and the Rasools (as) were born from their offspring. And God Forbid, that that happened upon what they are saying, from the brothers and the sisters’.