167. The reason due to which it is Obligatory to bathe from the (sexual) impurity, and it is not Obligatory (to bathe) from the urination and defecation’.

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه، عن عمه، عن محمد بن علي الكوفي عن محمد ابن سنان: ان الرضا " ع " كتب إليه فيما كتبه من جواب مسائله علة غسل الجنابة للنظافة وتطهير الانسان نفسه مما أصابه من اذاه وتطهير سائر جسده لان الجنابة خارجة من كل جسده فلذلك وجب عليه تطهير جسده كله وعلة التخفيف في البول والغائط لانه اكثر وأدوم من الجنابة فرضى فيه بالوضوء لكثرته ومشقته ومجيئه بغير إرادة منه ولا شهوة والجنابة لا تكون إلا بالاستلذاذ منهم والاكراه لانفسهم


1. Muhammad Bin Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Muhammad Ibn Sinan that, ‘Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him with regards to what he had written to him (a.s.), in answer to his question, ‘The reason for the bathing (major ablution) for the cleanliness, and the human being purifies himself from what has hit him upon his body part, to clean the rest of the body is because the sexual impurity comes out from the whole of his body. Therefore, it is due to that it is Obligatory upon him. And the reasoning for the lightening with regards to the urine and the faeces is because it is more frequent and persistent (in its occurrence) than the sexual impurity. Thus (Allah (azwj)) is Pleased with regards to it by the ablution, due to its frequency, and it would be difficult, and it comes without intention from him nor any desire for it, while the sexual impurity does not happen except by the (seeking of the) pleasures and the compelling upon their own selves’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه، عن عمه عن احمد بن ابى عبد الله عن ابى الحسن علي بن الحسن البرقى، عن عبد الله بن جبلة، عن معاوية بن عمار عن الحسن بن عبد الله، عن آبائه عن جده الحسن بن علي بن ابى طالب عليه السلام قال: جاء نفر من اليهودي إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فسأله أعلمهم عن مسائل فكان فيما سأله أن قال: لاى شئ أمر الله بالاغتسال من الجنابة ولم يأمر من الغائط والبول؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ان آدم لما اكل من الشجرة دب ذلك في عروقه وشعره وبشره فإذا جامع الرجل اهله خرج الماء من كل عرق وشعرة في جسده فاوجب الله عز وجل على ذريته الاغتسال من الجنابة إلى يوم القيامة والبول يخرج من فضلة الشراب الذي يشربه الانسان والغائط يخرج من فضلة الطعام الذي يأكله الانسان فأوجب عليهم في ذلك الوضوء، قال اليهودي: صدقت يا محمد.


2. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, from his uncle, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Abu Al Hassan Ali Bin Al Hassan Al Barqy, from Abdullah Bin Jabala, from Muawiya Bin Amaar Bin Al Hassan Bin Abdullah, from his forefathers, (It has been narrated) from his grandfather (a.s.) Al-Hassan (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) having said: ‘A number of Jews came to Rasool-Allah (saww), so their scholar asked him (saww) certain questions. So among what he asked was that he said, ‘For which reason did Allah (azwj) Command with the washing from the sexual impurities, and did not Commanded it, from the defecation and the urine?’ So Rsaool-Allah (saww) said: ‘When Adam (as) ate from the tree, that was borne on his (as) veins, and his (as) hair, and his (as) skin. So when the man copulates with his wife, the water comes out from every vein and hair in his body. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Obligated upon his (as) offspring, the washing from the sexual impurities up to the Day of Judgement. And the urine comes out from the remnants of the drinks which the human being drinks, and the faeces comes out from the remnants of the food which the human being eats, thus He (azwj) Obligated the ablution with regards to that’. The Jew said, ‘You (saww) have spoken the truth, O Muhammad (saww)!’