165. The reason due to which ablution is on four parts besides others

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حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن الحسين السعد آبادى، عن احمد بن ابى عبد الله، عن أبيه عن فضالة عن الحسن بن ابى العلاء عن ابى عبد الله " ع " قال: جاء نفر من اليهود إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فسألوه عن مسائل فكان فيما سألوه اخبرنا يا محمد لاي علة توضأ هذه الجوارح الاربع وهى انظف المواضع في الجسد، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لما ان وسوس الشيطان إلى آدم دنا من الشجرة ونظر إليها ذهب ماء وجهه ثم قام ومشى إليها وهى اول قدم مشت إلى الخطيئة ثم تناول بيده منها مما عليها فاكل فطار الحلى والحلل عن جسده فوضع آدم يده على رأسه وبكى فلما تاب الله عليه فرض عليه وعلى ذريته غسل هذه الجوارح الاربع وأمره بغسل الوجه لما نظرالى الشجرة وأمره بغسل اليدين إلى الموفقين لما تناول منها وأمره بمسح الرأس لما وضع يده على أم رأسه وأمره بمسح القدمين لما مشى بهما الى الخطيئة.


1. Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Mutawakkal narrated to us, from Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Sa’ad Abady, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah (asws), from his father, from Fazalat, from Al Hassan Bin Abu A’la, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘A number of Jews came over to Rasool-Allah (saww), so they asked him (saww) certain questions. So among what they asked was, ‘Inform us, O Muhammad (saww)! For which reason are these four parts to be washed during ablution, and these are the cleanest of the places in the body?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘When Satan (la) suggested to Adam (as), he (as) approached the tree and looked towards it, the water of his (as) face went. Then he (as) stood to walk towards it, and it was the first step taken to the error. Then he (as) took it by his (as) hands from what was upon it, so he (as) ate it and the ornaments and the robes flew away from his (as) body. So Adam (as) placed his (as) hands upon his (as) head and wept. So when Allah (azwj) Turned to him (as) (with Mercy), He (azwj) Obligated upon him (as) and his (as) offspring, washing of these four parts. And He (azwj) Commanded him (as) with the washing of his (as) face for having looked at the tree, and Commanded him (as) to wash the two hands up to the two elbows for having taken from it, and Commanded him (as) with the wiping of the head for having placed his (as) hands upon the top of his (as) head, and Commanded him (as) with the wiping of the two feet for having walked by these two towards the error’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه، عن عمه محمد بن ابى القاسم عن محمد بن علي الكوفي، عن محمد بن سنان ان ابا الحسن الرضا " ع " كتب إليه في جواب كتابه ان علة الوضوء التى من أجلها صار غسل الوجه والذراعين ومسح الرأس والرجلين فلقيامه بين يدي الله تعالى واستقباله اياه بجوارحه الظاهرة وملاقاته بها الكرام الكاتبين فغسل الوجه للسجود والخضوع وغسل اليدين ليقلبهما ويرغب بهما ويرهب ويتبتل ومسح الرأس والقدمين لانهما ظاهران مكشوفان مستقبل بهما في كل حالاته وليس فيها من الخضوع والتبتل ما في الوجه والذراعين.


2. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Sinan who said, ‘Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws) wrote to him in a reply to his letter that: ‘The reason due to which ablution came to be the washing of the face, and the two arms, and the wiping of the head and the two feet, for he stands in front of Allah (azwj) the High, and faces towards Him (azwj) with his apparent body parts and meets by these the two Honourable Recorders (Angels). So he washes the face for the Prostration and the submission; and the washing of the two hands for turning these two (away from the world), and wishing by these (to Allah (azwj), and beseeching; and the wiping of the head and the two feet is because these two are apparent uncovered facing by these two in all situations, and there isn’t the submission and beseeching what is in the face and the two hands’.