164. The reason due to which the wiping (Masa’h) came to be for part of the head and part of the two feet

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ابى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن يعقوب بن يزيد عن حماد، عن حريز، عن زرارة قال: قلت لابي جعفر " ع " إلا تخبرني من أين علمت وقلت ان المسح ببعض الرأس وبعض الرجلين؟ فضحك ثم قال: يا زرارة قاله رسول الله " ص " ونزل به الكتاب من الله لان الله عز وجل يقول: فاغسلوا وجوهكم فعرفنا ان الوجه كله يبنغى له ان يغسل ثم قال وايديكم إلى المرافق ثم فصل بين الكلامين فقال وامسحوا برؤوسكم فعرفنا حين قال برؤوسكم ان المسح ببعض الرأس لمكان الباء ثم وصل الرجلين بالرأس كما وصل اليدين بالوجه فقال وأرجلكم إلى الكعبين فعرفنا حين وصلها بالرأس ان المسح على بعضها ثم فسر ذلك رسول صلى الله عليه وآله للناس فضيعوه ثم قال: فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم فلما وضع عمن لم يجد الماء اثبت مكان الغسل مسحا لانه قال بوجوهكم، ثم وصل بها وأيديكم ثم قال منه - أي من ذلك التيمم - لانه علم ان ذلك اجمع لم يجر على الوجه لانه يعلق من ذلك الصعيد ببعض الكف ولا يعلق ببعضها ثم قال ما يريد الله ليجعل عليكم في الدين من حرج، والحرج الضيق.

1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Hamaad, from Hareyz, from Zarara who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘Will you (asws) inform me, from where you (asws) know and said that the wiping (Al-Masaah) is for part of the head and part of the two feet?’ So he (asws) smiled and said: ‘O Zarara! Rasool-Allah (saww) said it, and the Book came down from Allah (azwj), because Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic is Saying: “[5:6] wash your faces, and so we understand that the face, the whole of it is to be washed. Then He (azwj) Said and your hands as far as the elbows. Then He (azwj) Detailed between the two Speeches, so He (azwj) Said , and wipe your heads, so we understand where He (azwj) Said your heads, that the wiping is for part of the head, due to the placing of the (letter) ‘Ba’ (الباء). Then He (azwj) Linked the two feet with the head just as He (azwj) Linked the two hands with the face, so He (azwj) Said and your feet to the ankles, so we understand where He (azwj) Linked it with the wiping upon parts of it. Then Rasool-Allah (saww) interpreted that to the people, so they wasted its. Then He (saww) Said and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces. So when He (azwj) Replaced from the one who could not find the water, and Affirmed in the place of washing, with the wiping, because He (azwj) Said wipe your faces. Then He (azwj) Linked by it and your hands’. Then he (asws) said from it: ‘What it Means by that is the Tayammum – because it is known that, that would not flow upon the face, because the earth would attach itself to parts of the palm and not attach to (other) parts of it’. Then He (azwj) Said Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty in the Religion. And the difficulty, it is the hardship’.