160. Reason for the human being looking below him at the time of defecation

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه قال: حدثنا احمد بن ادريس، عن محمد ابن احمد بن يحيى، عن ابراهيم بن هاشم عن أبى جعفر عن داود الجمال عن العيص ابن أبى مهينة قال: شهدت أبا عبد الله " ع " وسأله عمرو بن عبيد فقال ما بال الرجل إذا أراد ان يقضى حاجة إنما ينظر إلى سفله وما يخرج منه ثم فقال انه ليس احد يريد ذلك إلا وكل الله عز وجل به ملكا ياخذ بعنقه ليريه مايخرج منه أحلال أو حرام.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Bin Yahya, from Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Abu Ja’far, from Dawood Al Jamal, from Al Ays Ibn Abu Muhayna who said, ‘I witnessed Abu Abdullah (a.s.), and Amro Bin Umeyd asked him (a.s.), so he said, ‘What is the matter that when the man want to fulfil a need, so he looks below him (to see) what is coming out from him?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘There is no one who wants to do that except that Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Allocates an Angel with him who seizes him by his neck to make him see what is coming out from him, is it (from) Permissible or Prohibited (means)?’




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن ايوب بن نوح عن محمد بن ابى عمير عن غير واحد عن ابى عبد الله " ع " عن ابيه عن جده عليهم السلام قال أمير المؤمنين " ع " عجبت لابن آدم أوله نطفة وآخره جيفة وهو قايم بينهما وعاء للغائط، ثم يتكبر


2. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Ayoub Bin Nuh, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from someone else, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.), from his (a.s.) grandfather (a.s.) having said: ‘Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) said: ‘I (a.s.) wonder at the son of Adam (as), his beginning is a seed, and his end is a carcass, and he is standing in between these two, and he is a container of faeces, then he is being arrogant’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه، عن عمه محمد بن ابى القاسم، عن محمد بن علي الكوفي عن محمد بن عن المفضل بن عمر عن ابى عبد الله " ع " قال وقع بين سلمان وبين رجل كلام فقال له من انت وما انت؟ فقال سلمان: اما أولاى وأوليك فنطفة قذرة وأما اخراى واخراك فجيفة منتنة فإذا كان يوم القيامة ونصبت الموازين فمن خف ميزانه فهو الليثم ومن ثقل ميزانه فهو الكريم.


3. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Al Mufazzal Bin Umar, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘A heated discussion occurred in between Salman (as) and a man. So he said, ‘Who are you (as), and what are you (as)?’ So Salman (as) said: ‘As for my (as) beginning and your beginning, so it is a seed, and as for my (as) ending and your ending, so it is a stinking carcass. So when it will be the Day of Judgement and the Scales are set up, so the one whose Scale is light, so he would ignoble (dishonourable), and the one whose Scale is heavy, so he would be benevolent’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد عن صالح ابن السندي عن جعفر بن بشير عن صالح الحذاء عن ابى اسامة قال كنت عند ابى عبد الله " ع " فسأله رجل من المغيرية عن شئ من السنن فقال ما من شئ من عرفها وانكرها من انكرها، قال: فما السنة في دخول الخلاء؟ قال تذكر الله وتتعوذ من الشيطان وإذا فرغت قلت الحمدالله على ما أخرج منى من الاذى في يسر وعافية، قال الرجل: فالانسان يكون على تلك الحال ولا يصبر حتى ينظر إلى مايخرج منه، فقال انه ليس في الارض آدمى إلا ومعه ملكان موكلان به فإذا كان على تلك الحال ثنيا رقبته ثم قالا يابن آدم انظر إلى ماكنت تكدح له في الدنيا إلى ما هو صاير.


4. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Salih Ibn Al Sindy, from Ja’far Bin Basheer, from Salih Al Haza’a, from Abu Asama who said, ‘I was in the presence of Abu Abdullah (a.s.), so a man from Al-Mugheira asked him (a.s.) about something from the Sunnahs. So he (a.s.) said: ‘There is none from the things (without a Sunnah). The one who recognises it (does so) and the one who denies it, denies it’. He said, ‘So what is the Sunnah with regards to entering the toilet?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Mention Allah (azwj) and seek Refuge from the Satan (la). And when you are free, say, ‘The Praise is for Allah (azwj) over what has come out from me, from the harmful, with such ease and good health’. The man said, ‘So the human being who tends to be in that situation is not patient until he looks at what is coming out from him’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘There is no human in the earth except that with him are two Angels Allocated with him. So when he was in that situation, they turn his neck, then they both said, ‘O son of Adam (as)! Look at what you were toiling for in the world and what it has become’.