158. Reason for the Laws and the Principles of Al Islam

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ابى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا ابراهيم بن مهزيار، عن اخيه علي عن حماد بن عيسى عن ابراهيم بن عمر باسناده يرفعه إلى علي بن ابى طالب " ع " انه كان يقول: ان افضل ما توسل به المتوسلون الايمان بالله ورسوله والجهاد في سبيل الله وكلمة الاخلاص فانها الفطرة وتمام الصلاة فانها الملة وايتاء الزكاة فانها من فرايض الله وصوم رمضان فانه جنة من عذابه وحج البيت فانه منفاة للفقرومدحضة للذنب وصلة الرحم فانه مثراة للمال ومنساة للاجل وصدقة السر فانها تطفى الخطيئة وتطفئ غضب الرب وصنايع المعروف فانها تدفع ميتة السوء وتقى مصارع الهوان ألا فتصدقوا فان الله مع من تصدق وجانبوا الكذب فان الكذب مجانب الايمان ألا ان الصادق على شفا منجاة وكرامة ألا وان الكاذبين على شفا مخزاة وهلكة ألا وقولوا خيرا تعرفوا به واعلموا به تكونوا من أهله وادوا الامانة إلى من إئتمنكم عليها وصلوا أرحام من قطعكم وعودوا بالفضل على من سألكم.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ibrahim Bin Mahziyar, from his brother Ali, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar, by his chain, (It has been narrated) raising it to Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.), that he (a.s.) was saying: ‘The best of what the beseeching ones beseech with is the Eman (belief) in Allah and His Rasool (saww), and the Jihaad in the Way of Allah , and the sincere word, for these are the nature; and the complete Prayers for these are the faith, and giving the Zakat, for these are from the Obligations of Allah ; and Fasting of (Month) of Ramazan, for it is a shield from His Punishment; and Hajj of the House (Kabah), for these are beneficial for the poverty and the cancellation of the sins; And the maintenance of relationships, for it increases the wealth and is a repellent of the accidents; and charity, for it extinguishes the errors (sins) and extinguishes the Anger of the Lord ; and the doing of the good, so it repels the evil death and saves from the humiliation. Indeed! Speak the truth, for Allah is with the one who speaks the truth, and keep aside from the lies, for the lie keeps aside the faith. Indeed! The truthful is upon verge of salvation and prestige (notability). Indeed! The liars are on the verge of disgrace and destruction. Indeed! And speak goodly to be recognised by it, and known by it in order to become from its people. And fulfil the entrustment to the one who has entrusted it to you, and maintain the relationship with the one who has cut it off from you, and repeat the grace over the one who asks you (beggar)’.




حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا على بن الحسين السعد آبادى عن احمد بن عبد الله البرقى عن اسماعيل بن مهران، عن احمد بن محمد بن جابر عن زينب بنت على قالت: قالت فاطمة عليها السلام في خطبتها: (لله فيكم عهد قدمه اليكم، وبقية استخلفها عليكم كتاب الله بينة بصائره وآي منكشفة سرايره، وبرهان متجلية ظواهره، مديم للبرية استماعه، وقايد إلى الرضوان اتباعه، ومؤد إلى النجاة اشياعه فيه تبيان حجج الله المنيرة ومحارمه المحرمة، وفضائله المدونة، وجمله الكافية، ورخصه الموهوبة وشرايعه المكتوبة وبيناته الجلية، ففرض الايمان تطهيرا من الشرك، والصلاة تنزيها عن الكبر والزكاة زيادة في الرزق والصيام تثبيتا للاخلاص، والحج تسنية للدين، والعدل تسكينا للقلوب والطاعة نظاما للملة، والامامة لما من الفرقة، والجهاد عزا للاسلام والصبر معونة على الاستيجاب، والامر بالمعروف مصلحة للعامة، وبر الوالدين وقاية عن السخط وصلة الارحام منماة للعدد والقصاص حقنا للدماء والوفاء للنذر تعرضا للمغفرة، وتوفيه المكائيل والموازين تغييرا للبخسة، واجتناب قذف المحصنات حجبا عن اللعنة، ومجانبة السرقة إيجابا للعفة واكل أموال اليتامى إجارة من الظلم، والعدل في الاحكام ايناسا للرعية. وحرم الله عز وجل الشرك إخلاصا للربوبية فاتقوا الله حق تقاته فيما أمركم به وانتهوا عما نهاكم عنه).


2. Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkal narrated to us, from Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Sa’ad Abady, from Ahmad Bin Abdullah Al Barqy, from Ismail Bin Mahran, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Jabir, (It has been narrated) from Syeda Zaynab (a.s.) daughter of Ali (a.s.) having said: ‘Syeda Fatima (a.s.) said in a speech of hers (a.s.): ‘Allah has Oathed regarding you all and Sent if forward to you all, and it would remain behind over you all – Book of Allah . Get acquainted with its insights and its secrets are about to be unveiled. Its proofs are bright and clear, it is sharpening for the one who hears it, and following it Guides to the Pleasure (of Allah ), and accompanying it leads to the salvation. In it are explanations of the radiant Arguments of Allah , and its Prohibitions are Prohibited (forever), and its Merits are the code (of practice), and its sentences are sufficient, and its Permissions are a gift, and its Laws are Written, and its Proofs are obvious. Thus, it is obligatory to purify from the Polytheism, and the Prayer removes one from the arrogance, and the Zakat increases the sustenance, and the Fasts are an affirmation of the sincerity, and the Hajj is an establishment for the Religion, and the justice is tranquillity for the hearts, and the obedience (to Allah ) is a system for the nation, and the Imamate saves from the sectarianism, and the Jihad is an honour for Al-Islam, and the patience is an aid over the Recompense to be Obligated, and the enjoining of the good is a corrector for the general public, and righteousness with the patents is a protection from the Anger (of Allah ), and maintenance of the relationships is beneficial for the (increasing of the) numbers; And the punishment saves from the blood-shed, and the fulfilling of the vows makes one prone to Forgiveness, and loyalty with the measurement and the weighing changes the losses (into profits), and keeping away from throwing accusations as the chaste women is a veil from the Curse, and avoidance of the theft is positive for the chastity, and devouring the wealth of the orphans flows from the injustice, and the justice in the judgements brings cordiality among the citizens. And Allah Mighty and Majestic has Forbidden the Polytheism, purely for the Lordship. Therefore [3:102] Fear Allah with the piety which is due to Him with regards to what He has Commanded you all with, and stay away from what He has Forbidden from’.




أخبرني علي بن حاتم قال: حدثنا محمد بن اسلم قال: حدثنى عبد الجليل الباقلانى قال: حدثنى الحسن بن موسى الخشاب قال حدثنى عبد الله بن محمد العلوي عن رجال من أهل بيته عن زينب بنت علي، عن فاطمة عليها السلام بمثله.


3. Ali Bin Hatim informed me, from Muhammad Bin Aslam, from Abdul Jaleel Al Balaqany, from Al Hasan Bin Musa Al Khashab who said, ‘Abdullah Bin Muhammad Al Alawy, from a man of his family, Also (It has been narrated) from Syeda Zaynab (a.s.) daughter of Ali (a.s.), from Syeda Fatima (a.s.), similar to it.




واخبرني علي بن حاتم أيضا قال حدثنى محمد بن ابى عمير قال: حدثنى محمد بن عمارة قال: حدثنى محمد بن ابراهيم المصري قال: حدثنى هارون بن يحيى الناشب قال: حدثنا عبيدالله بن موسى العبسى عن عبيدالله بن موسى العمري عن حفص الاحمر، عن زيد بن علي عن عمته زينب بنت علي، عن فاطمة عليها السلام بمثله، وزاد بعضهم على بعض في اللفظ.


4. And Ali Bin Hatim has informed me as well, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Muhammad Bin Amara, from Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Al Misry, frmo Haroun Bin Yahya Al Nashab, from Ubeydullah Bin Musa Al Absy, from Ubeydullah Bin Musa Al Amiry, from Hafs Al Ahmar, Also (It has been narrated) from Zayd son Ali (a.s.), from his aunt Syeda Zaynab (a.s.) daughter of Ali (a.s.), from Fatima (a.s.), similar to it. And some of them have increased the wordings over the others’.




حدثنا علي بن احمد رحمه الله: قال حدثنا محمد بن يعقوب عن علي بن محمد عن اسحاق بن اسماعيل النيسابوري ان العالم كتب إليه يعنى الحسن بن علي " ع " ان الله تعالى بمنه ورحمته لما فرض عليكم الفرائض لم يفرض ذلك عليكم لحاجة منه إليه بل رحمة منه اليكم لا إله إلا هو ليميز الخبيث من الطيب وليبتلى ما في صدوركم وليمحص مافى قلوبكم ولتتسابقوا إلى رحمته، ولتتفاضل منازلكم في جنته ففوض عليكم الحج والعمرة وإيقام الصلاة وإيتاء الزكاة والصوم والولاية وجعل لكم بابا لتفتحوا به أبواب الفرايض، ومفتاحا إلى سبيله، ولولا محمد صلى الله عليه وآله والاوصياء من ولده كنتم حيارى كالبهائم لا تعرفون فرضا من الفرايض وهل تدخل قرية إلا من بابها، فلما من الله عليكم باقامة الاولياء بعد نبيكم صلى الله عليه وآله قال الله عز وجل (اليوم اكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الاءسلام دينا) وفرض عليكم لاوليائه حقوقا فامركم بادائها إليهم ليحل لكم ما وراء ظهوركم من أزواجكم وأموالكم ومأكلكم ومشربكم ويعرفكم بذلك البركة والنماء والثروة وليعلم من يطيعه منكم بالغيب وقال الله تبارك وتعالى (قل لااسئلكم عليه اجرا إلا المودة في القربى) فاعلموا ان من يبخل فإنما يبخل على نفسه ان الله هو الغني وأنتم الفقراء إليه لا إله إلا هو فاعملوا من بعد ما شئتم فسيرى الله عملكم ورسوله والمؤمنون ثم تردون إلى عالم الغيب والشهادة فينبئكم بما كنتم تعملون والعاقبة للمتقين والحمد لله رب العالمين.


5. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Is’haq Bin Ismail Al Neysabouri who said, ‘The Knowledgeable one (a.s.) wrote to him, meaning Al-Hassan (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) that, ‘Allah the High, it was by His Favour and His Mercy that He Necessitated the Obligations upon you. He did not Obligate that upon you due to a need of His from it, but it was a Mercy from it to you, there being no god except for Him , in order to Differentiate the bad from the good, and in order to Test what is in your chests and in order to Examine what is in your hearts, and that you would be preceding each other to His Mercy, and to make your houses in the Paradise to be more preferential. Thus, He Authorised the Hajj and the Umrah upon you, and the establishment of the Salat (Prayer), and giving of the Zakat, and the Soam (Fasting), and the Wilayah, and Made doors for you in order to open the doors of the Obligations for you, and the keys to His Way. And had it not been for Muhammad (saww) and the successors (a.s.) from his (saww) sons (a.s.), you all would have been confused like the animals are, not recognising a single Obligation from the Obligations. And is a town entered into except by its gate?’ So when Allah Favoured upon you by the establishment of the Guardians (a.s.) after your Prophet (saww), Allah Mighty and Majestic Said [5:3] This day I have Perfected for you your Religion and Completed My Favour on you and Chosen for you Islam as a Religion. And He Necessitated upon you certain rights for His Guardians (a.s.), so He Commanded you all to fulfill these to them (a.s.) in order to Make Permissible for you what was behind your backs from your wives, and your wealth, and your eating, and your drinking, and Made you recognise by that, the Blessings, and the development, and the resources, and He would Know the ones among you who are obedient to Him with the hidden. And Allah Blessed and High Said [42:23] Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives. Therefore, know that the one who is niggardly, so he has been niggardly against himself, and that Allah is the Self-sufficient, and you all are poor to Him , there being no god except for Him . So do whatever you like afterwards, [9:105] so Allah will See your work and (so will) His Rasool and the Believers; and you shall be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He will inform you of what (you) were doing and the end result is for the pious. And the Praise of for Allah the Lord of the Worlds’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه رحمه الله عن عمه محمد بن أبى القاسم عن يحيى بن علي الكوفي عن محمد بن سنان عن صباح المدايني عن المفضل بن عمر أن أبا عبد الله " ع " كتب إليه كتابا فيه ان الله تعالى لم يثبت نبيا قط يدعو الى معرفة الله ليس معها طاعة في أمر ولانهى وانما يقبل الله من العباد العمل بالفرايض التى فرضها الله على حدودها مع معرفة من دعا إليه ومن اطاع حرم الحرام ظاهره وباطنه وصلى وصام وحج واعتمر وعظم حرمات الله كلها ولم يدع منها شيئا وعمل بالبر كله ومكارم الاخلاق كلهاو تجنب سيئها، ومن زعم انه يحل الحلال ويحرم الحرام بغير معرفة النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لم يحل الله حلالا ولم يحرم له حراما وان من صلى وزكى وحج واعتمر وفعل كله بغير معرفة من افترض الله عليه طاعته فلم يفعل شيئا من ذلك لم يصل ولم يصم ولم يزك ولم يحج ولم يعتمر ولم يغتسل من الجنابة ولم يتطهر ولم يحرم لله وليس له صلاة وان ركع وان سجد ولاله زكاة ولا حج وانما ذلك كله يكون بمعرفة رجل من الله تعالى على خلقته بطاعته وأمر بالاخذ عنه فمن عرفه واخذ عنه اطاع الله ومن زعم ان ذلك انما هي المعرفة وانه إذا عرف اكتفى بغير طاعة فقد كذب واشرك وانما قيل اعرف واعمل ما شئت من الخير فانه لا يقبل منك ذلك بغير معرفة فإذا عرفت فاعمل لنفسك ما شئت من الطاعة قل أو كثر فانه مقبول منك.


6. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Yahya Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Sabah Al Madainy, (It has been narrated) from Al-Mufazzal Bin Umar that Abu Abdullah (a.s.) wrote a letter to him, in which was: ‘Allah the High never Sent a Prophet (as) at all but to call to the recognition of Allah and there was no obedience to him (as) with regards to neither enjoining nor forbidding. But rather, Allah Accepts the deeds from the servants with the Obligations which Allah has Obligated upon its Limits along with the recognition of the one (as) who calls to Him and obeys him (as), prohibits himself from the Prohibitions, its apparent as well as its hidden, and Prays, and Fasts, and performs Hajj, and Umrah, and magnifies the Sanctities of Allah , all of them, and does not leave anything from these, and works with righteousness, all of it, and displays noble manners, all of them, and avoids its evil. And the one who alleges that he allows for himself the Permissibles, and prohibits from himself the Prohibitions without having the recognition of the Prophet (saww), Allah will not Permit for him his Permissibles, and will not Prohibit for him his Prohibitions, and that the one who Prays, and gives Zakat, and performs Hajj and Umra, and does all of these without recognition of the one (a.s.) the obedience to whom Allah has Necessitated to him, so he has not done anything from that. He has not Prayed, and not Fasted, and not given Zakat, and did not perform Hajj, and did not perform Umrah, and did not wash from the impurity (Janaabat), and did not purify himself, and did not Prohibit himself for the Sake of Allah , and there is no Prayer for him, even if he bowed and prostrated, nor is there Zakat for him, nor Hajj. But rather, all of these come to be with the recognition of a man (a.s.) whom Allah , over His creatures with being obedient to him (a.s.), and Commanded to take from him (a.s.). So the one who recognised him (a.s.) and took from him (a.s.), obeyed Allah , and the one who claims of that, but rather it is only the recognition, and that if he were to recognise it would suffice without being obedient, so he has belief and associated. But rather, it is said that, ‘recognise and do whatever you so like to, from the good deeds’. Thus, that is not Acceptable from you without recognition, so when you have recognise, then act for yourself whatever you so like to, from the obedience, little or more, for it would be Acceptable from you’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه عن عمه محمد بن أبى القاسم عن احمد بن أبى عبد الله عن أبى الحسن علي بن الحسين البرقى عن عبد الله بن جبلة عن معاوية ابن عمار عن الحسن بن عبد الله عن آبائه عن جده الحسن بن علي بن أبى طالب صلى الله عليه وآله قال جاء نفر من اليهود إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فسأله اعلمهم فقال له اخبرني عن تفسير سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله اكبر فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله علم الله عز وجل ان بنى آدم يكذبون على الله عز وجل فقال سبحان الله براءة مما يقولون، وأما قوله الحمد لله فانه علم ان العباد لا يؤدون شكر نعمته فحمد نفسه قبل ان يحمده العباد وهو أول كلام لولا ذلك لما انعم الله تعالى على احد بنعمته وقوله لا إله إلا الله - يعني وحدانيته - لا يقبل الاعمال إلا بها وهي كلمة التقوى يثقل الله بها الموازين يوم القيامة وأما قوله الله اكبر فهى كلمة اعلى الكلمات وأحبها إلى الله عز وجل يعنى انه ليس شئ اكبر منه ولا تصح الصلاة إلا بها لكرامته على الله عز وجل وهو الاسم الاعز الاكرم، قال اليهودي صدقت يا محمد فما جزاء قائلها قال: إذا قال العبد سبحان الله سبح معه ما دون العرش فيعطى قايلها عشر أمثالها وإذا قال الحمد لله انعم الله عليه بنعم الدنيا موصولا بنعم الاخرة وهى الكلمة التى يقولها أهل الجنة إذا دخلوها وينقطع الكلام الذي يقولونه في الدنيا ماخلا الحمد لله وذلك قوله تعالى (دعواهم فيها سبحانك اللهم وتحيتهم فيها سلام وآخر دعواهم ان الحمد لله رب العالمين) وأما قوله لا إلا إلا الله فثمنها الجنة وذلك قول الله تعالى هل جزاء الاحسان إلا الاحسان قال هل جزاء من قال لا إله إلا الله إلا الجنة، فقال اليهودي صدقت يا محمد.


7. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Abu Al Hassa Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Barqy, from Abdullah Bin Jabala, from Muawiya Ibn Amaar, from Al Hassan Bin Abdullah, from his forefathers, (It has been narrated) from his grandfather (a.s.) Al-Hassan (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) having said: ‘A number of Jews came to Rasool-Allah (saww). So their knowledgeable one asked him (saww), ‘Inform me about the interpretation of ‘سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله اكبر’ ‘Glory be to Alah and the Praise is for Allah , and there is no god except for Allah , and Allah is the Greatest’. So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘Allah Mighty and Majestic Knew that the son of Adam (as) would be belying to Allah Might and Majestic, so He Said: “Glory be to Allah (سبحان الله) to disavow from what they are saying. And as for His Words: “The Praise is for Allah ” (الحمد لله), so He Knew that the servants would not be paying their gratitude for His Bounties, so He Praised Himself before the servants Praised Him , and it is the first Speech. Had it not been for that, Allah would not have Endowed anyone with His Bounties’. And His Words: “There is no god except for Allah ” (لا إله إلا الله) – Meaning the Oneness – He does not Accept the deeds except by it, and it is the Pious Word by which Allah would be Increase the weight of the Scales on the Day of Judgement. And as for His Words: “Allah is the Greatest” (الله اكبر), so it is the Elevated Speech and to most Beloved to Allah Mighty and Majestic, Meaning that there is nothing Greater than Him , and the Prayer is not correct except by it, due to its Prestige to Allah Mighty and Majestic, and it is the most Revered and Prestigious of the Names’. The Jew said, ‘You (saww) have spoken the truth, O Muhammad (saww)! So what is the Recompense of its sayer?’ He (saww) said: ‘When the servant says ‘سبحان الله’ Glory to You O Allah!, everything which is underneath the Throne Glorifies with him, and its speaker is Given ten of its like. And when he says, ‘The Praise is for Allah (الحمد لله) Allah Favours upon him the bounties of the world attaching these with the Bounties of the Hereafter, and it is the Word which would be spoken by the people of the Paradise when they enter it. And the speech is cut-off in the world except for ‘The Praise is for Allah , and these are the Words of the High [10:10] Their call in it shall be: Glory to You O Allah! And their greeting in it shall be: Peace; and the last of their calls shall be: The Praise is for Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. And as for his words, ‘There is no god except for Allah ’ (لا إلا إلا الله), so its value is the Paradise, and these are the Words of Allah the High [55:60] Is the Recompense of goodness except for the goodness?’ He (saww) said: ‘Is the Recompense of the one who says, ‘There is no god except for Allah , anything but the Paradise?’ So the Jew said, ‘You (saww) have spoken the truth, O Muhammad (saww)’.