156. Reason for the occultation

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه رضى الله عنه، عن ابيه، عن ابيه احمد بن ابى عبد الله البرقى عن محمد بن ابى عمير عن ابان وغيره عن ابى عبد الله " ع " قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لابد للغلام من غيبة فقيل له ولم يارسول الله قال: يخاف القتل.


1. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his father, from his father Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Barqy, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Aban and others, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The occultation is inevitable for the boy (a.s.)’. So it was said, ‘And why, O Rasool-Allah (saww)?’ He (saww) said: ‘He (a.s.) would fear the murder’.




حدثنا احمد بن محمد بن يحيى العطار عن ابيه عن محمد بن احمد بن يحيى عن احمد بن الحسين بن عمر بن محمد بن عبد الله عن مروان الانباري قال: خرج من ابى جعفر " ع " ان الله إذا كره لنا جوار قوم نزعنا من بين اظهرهم.


2. Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar narrated to us, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Al Husayn Bin Umar Bin Muhammad Bin Abdullah, from Marwan Al Anbary who said, ‘It came out from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Whenever Allah (azwj) Dislikes for us (a.s.) to be in the vicinity of a people, (Allah (azwj)) Removes us (a.s.) from in between their sight’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر، عن احمد بن هلال، عن عبدالرحما بن ابى نجران عن فضالة بن ايوب عن سدير قال: سمعت ابا عبد الله " ع " يقول: ان في القائم سنة من يوسف قلت كأنك تذكر خبره أو غيبته قال لي وما تنكرمن هذه الامة اشباه الخنازير ان اخوة يوسف كانوا أسباطا اولاد انبياء تاجروا بيوسف وباعوه وخاطبوه وهم اخوته وهو اخوهم فلم يعرفوه حتى قال لهم يوسف: انا يوسف فما تنكر هذه الامة الملعونة ان يكون الله عز وجل في وقت من الاوقات يريد أن يستر حجته لقد كان يوسف احب إليه من ملك مصر وكان بينه وبين والده مسيرة ثمانية عشر يوما فلو اراد الله عز وجل ان يعرف مكانه لقدر على ذلك والله لقد سار يعقوب وولده عند البشارة تسعة أيام من بدوهم إلى مصر فما تنكر هذه الامة ان يكون الله ان يفعل بحجته ما فعل بيوسف وان يكون يسير في أسواقهم ويطأ بسطهم وهم لا يعرفونه حتى يأذن الله عز وجل ان يعرفهم نفسه كما أذن ليوسف حين قال: هل علمتم ما فعلتم بيوسف وأخيه إذ أنتم جاهلون قالوا: إنك لانت يوسف، قال: أنا يوسف وهذا أخى.


3. My father said, ‘Abdullah Bin Ja’far narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Hilal, from Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najran, from Fazalat Bin Ayoub, from Sudeyr who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘In Al-Qaim (a.s.) there is a Sunnah from Yusuf (a.s.)’. I said, ‘It looks like you (a.s.) are about to mention his (a.s.) news or his (a.s.) occultation’. He (a.s.) said to me: ‘And what are they denying, the ones from this community who resemble the pigs? The brothers of Yusuf (a.s.) were tribes, children of the Prophets (as). They traded with Yusuf (as) and sold him (as), and addressed him (as), and they were his (as) brothers, and he (as) was their brother. But, they did not recognise him (as) until Yusuf (as) said to them: ‘I (as) am Yusuf (as)’. So what is this Accursed community denying that Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would Intend to Veil His (azwj) Proof (a.s.), during a time period, from the time period. Yusuf (as) was more Beloved to Him (azwj) than the king of Egypt, and there was between him (as) and his (as) father a journey of eighteen days. So, had Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Intended him (as) Yaqoub (as) to know his (as) place, He (azwj) had the Power over that, and Allah (azwj) had Given the Good News to Yaqoub (as) and his (as) sons and Made them travel (that journey) in nine days (instead), from the beginning of their journey to Egypt. So what is this community denying, that Allah (azwj) would be Dealing with His (azwj) Proof (a.s.) how He (azwj) had Dealt with Yusuf (as)? And that he (a.s.) would be travelling in their markets and treading (walking) upon their carpets and they would not be recognising him (a.s.) until Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic so Permits him (a.s.) to introduce himself (a.s.) just as He (azwj) had previously Permitted Yusuf (as) where [12:89] He said: Do you know how you treated Yusuf and his brother when you were ignorant? [12:90] They said: Are you indeed Yusuf? He said: I am Yusuf and this is my brother’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن الحسن بن عيسى بن محمد بن علي بن جعفر، عن جده محمد بن علي بن جعفر، عن اخيه موسى بن جعفر " ع " قال: إذا فقد الخامس من ولد السابع فالله الله في أديانكم لا يزيلكم أحد عنها، يا بنى انه لابد لصاحب هذا الامر من غيبته حتى يرجع عن هذا الامر من كان يقول به إنما هي محنة من الله عز وجل امتحن بها خلقه ولو علم آباءكم واجدادكم دينا أصح من هذا لاتبعوه، فقلت يا سيدي من الخامس من ولد السابع؟ قال يا بني عقولكم تصغر عن هذا، واحلامكم تضيق عن حمله، ولكن ان تعيشوا فسوف تدركوه.


4. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Al Hassan Bin Isa Bin Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Ja’far, from his grandfather Muhammad Bin Ali, (It has been narrated from) the son of Ja’far (a.s.), from his brother Musa (a.s.) Bin Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘When the (the people) lose the fifth one (a.s.) from the son (a.s.) of the seventh (a.s.), so Allah (azwj)! Allah (azwj)! With regards to your Religions. No one of you should go away from it. O my (a.s.) son! Occultation is inevitable for the Master of this Command, to the extent that the one who would be speaking by it would return from it. But rather it is a Trial from Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Testing His (azwj) creatures by it. And had your forefathers (a.s.) found a Religion more correct than this, they (a.s.) would have followed it’. So I said, ‘O my Master (a.s.)! Who is the fifth one from the son of the seventh?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘O my (a.s.) son! Your intellects are too small about this, and your dreams are constricted from bearing this, but if you were to live (long enough), so very soon you will see him (a.s.)’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن احمد العلوي، عن ابى هاشم الجعفري قال: سمعت أبا الحسن العسكري " ع " يقول: الخلف بن بعدي الحسن ابني فكيف لكم بالخلف من بعد الخلف قلت: ولم؟ جعلني الله فداك فقال لانكم لاترون شخصه ولا يحل لكم ذكره باسمه، قلت فكيف نذكره فقال: قولوا الحجة من آل محمد صلوات الله وسلامه عليه.


5. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al Alawy, from Abu Hashim Al Ja’fary who said, ‘I heard Abu Al-Hassan Al-Askary (a.s.) (9 (th) Imam (a.s.)) saying: ‘The Caliph from after me (a.s.) is my (a.s.) son (a.s.) Al-Hassan (a.s.). So how would it be for you all with the Caliph from after the Caliph?’ I said, ‘And why? May Allah (azwj) Make me to be sacrificed for you (a.s.)’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because you all would not be seeing this (a.s.) person, nor would it be Permissible for you all to mention him (a.s.) by his (a.s.) name’. I said, ‘So how would we mention him (a.s.)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘You should be saying, ‘The Proof (a.s.) (الحجة) from the Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad (saww)’.




حدثنا محمد بن ابراهيم بن إسحاق رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد الهمداني قال: حدثنا علي بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن ابيه عن ابى الحسن علي ابن موسى الرضا " ع " انه قال كأنى بالشيعة عند فقدهم الثالث من ولدي يطلبون المرعى فلا يجدونه، قلت له: ولم ذلك يابن رسول الله؟ قال: لان إمامهم يغيب عنهم فقلت ولم؟ قال: لئلا يكون في عنقه لاحد حجة إذا قام بالسيف.


6. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Hamdany, from Ali Bin Al Hasaan Bin Ali Bin Fazaal, from his father, Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Ibn Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.) has said: ‘It is as if I (a.s.) am with the Shiah during their losing the third from my (a.s.) sons (a.s.), seeking the pasture, but they are not finding it’. I said to him (a.s.), ‘And why would that be, O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because their Imam (a.s.) would be hidden from them’. So, I said, ‘And why?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘So that there should not remain any argument for anyone upon his (a.s.) neck, when he (a.s.) rises by the sword’.




حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا جعفر بن مسعود وحيدر بن محمد السمرقندى جميعا قالا: حدثنا محمد بن مسعود قال: حدثنا جبرئيل بن احمد عن موسى بن جعفر البغدادي قال: حدثنى الحسن بن محمد الصيرفي، عن حنان بن سدير، عن ابيه عن اخيه عبد الله " ع " قال: قال: ان للقايم مناغيبة يطول أمدها فقلت له ولم ذاك يابن رسول الله؟ قال: ان الله عز وجل أبى إلا ان يجرى فيه سنن الانبياء عليهم السلام في غيباتهم وانه لا بد له ياسدير من استيفاء مدد غيباتهم قال الله عز وجل (لتركبن طبقا عن طبق) أي سننا على سنن من كان قبلكم.


7. Al Muzaffar Bin Ja’far Al Muzaffar Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ja’far Bin Masoud and Haydar Bin Muhammad Al Samarqandy together, from Muhammad Bin Msoud, from Jibraeel Bin Ahmad, from Musa Bin Ja’far Al Baghdady, from Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Al Sayrafi, from Hanan Bin Sudeyr, from his father, from his brother, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘For our (a.s.) Al-Qaim (a.s.) there would be an occultation of a lengthy period’. So I said to him (a.s.), ‘And why would that be, O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Refused except that He (azwj) Make to flow in him (a.s.) the Sunnah of the Prophets (as) with regards to their occultation(s), and it is inevitable for him (a.s.), O Sudeyr, to satisfy (be equal to) the terms of (all) their (as) occultation(s). Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said [84:19] That you shall most certainly enter one state after another, i.e., a Sunnah from the Sunnahs for the ones who were before you’.




حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس النيسابوري العطار رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن محمد بن قتيبة النيسابوري قال: حدثنا حمدان بن سليمان النيسابوري قال: حدثنا احمد بن عبد الله بن جعفر المدايني، عن عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي قال: سمعت الصادق جفعر بن محمد " ع " يقول: ان لصاحب هذا الامر غيبة لابد منها يرتاب فيها كل مبطل فقلت له ولم جعلت فداك؟ قال لامر لم يؤذن لنا في كشفه لكم قلت فما وجه الحكمة في غيبته؟ قال وجه الحكمة في غيبته، وجه الحكمة في غيبات من تقدمه من حجج الله تعالى ذكره ان وجه الحكمة في ذلك لا ينكشف إلا بعد ظهوره، كما لا ينكشف وجه الحكمة لما اتاه الخضر " ع " من خرق السفينة، وقتل الغلام، وإقامة الجدار لموسى " ع " إلا وقت إفتراقهما يابن الفضل: ان هذا الامر أمر من أمر الله وسر من سر الله وغيب من غيب الله ومتى علمنا انه عز وجل حكيم صدقنا بان افعاله كلها حكمة وان كان وجهها غير منكشف لنا.


8. Abdul Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdous Al Neysabouri Al Ataar narrated to us, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Quteyba Al Neysabouri, from Hamdan Bin Suleyman Al Neysabouri, from Ahmad Bin Abfullah Bin Ja’far Al Hamdany, from Abdullah Bin Al Fazal Al Hashimy who said, ‘I heard Al-Sadiq Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) saying: ‘For the Master of this Command, occultation is inevitable. During it, every false one would doubt’. So I said to him (a.s.), ‘And why, may I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The matter, it is not Permitted for us (a.s.) in uncovering it from you all’. I said, ‘So what is the aspect of the wisdom regarding his (a.s.) occultation?’ He (a.s.): ‘The aspect of Wisdom regarding his (a.s.) occultation, is the (same) aspect of Wisdom regarding the occultations of the ones (as) who preceded him (a.s.), from the Proofs (as) of Allah (azwj), Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, that the aspect of Wisdom regarding his (a.s.) cannot be uncovered except after its manifestation, just as the aspect of Wisdom was not uncovered when Al-Khizr (as) came and made a hole in the ship, and killed the boy, and straightened the wall, in front of Musa (as), until the time of their (as) separation. O Ibn Fazal! This matter, is a matter from the Matters of Allah (azwj), and a secret from the Secrets of Allah (azwj), and a hidden from the Hidden of Allah (azwj). And when we know that He (azwj) is the Mighty and Majestic, Wise, we ratify that He (azwj) is Wise in all of His (azwj) Deeds, and that its aspects are not Uncovered for us (at the moment)’.




حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس النيسابوري العطار رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن محمد بن قتيبة، عن حمدان بن سليمان عن محمد بن الحسين عن ابن محبوب عن علي بن رياب عن زرارة قال سمعت أبا جعفر " ع " يقول ان للقايم غيبة قبل ظهوره قلت ولم؟ قال يخاف وأومى بيده إلى بطنه قال زرارة يعنى القتل.


9. Abdul Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdous Al Neysabouri Al Ataar narrated to us, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Quteyba, from Hamdan Bin Suleyman, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Mahboub, from Ali Bin Rayaab, from Zarara who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying: ‘For Al-Qaim (a.s.) there is an occultation before his (a.s.) appearance’. I said, ‘And why?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) would fear’ – and he (a.s.) gestured by his (a.s.) hand to his (a.s.) chest’. Zurara said, ‘It means, the murder’.