155. Reason for Al-Mamoun murdering Al-Reza (asws) by the poison

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حدثنا الحسين بن ابراهيم بن هشام المؤدب وعلي بن عبد الله الوراق واحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني رضى الله عنهم قالوا: حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم بن هاشم، عن ابيه عن محمد بن سنان قال: كنت عند مولاي الرضا " ع " بخراسان وكان المأمون يقعده على يمينه إذا قعد للناس يوم الاثنين ويوم الخميس فرفع إلى المأمون ان رجلا من الصوفية سرق فامر باحضاره فلما نظر إليه وجده متقشفا بين عينيه اثر السجود فقال سواة لهذه الآثار الجميلة وهذا الفعل القبيح تنسب إلى السرقة مع ما أرى من جميع آثارك وظاهرك قال: فقال ذلك اضطرارا لا إختيارا حين منعتني حقى من الخمس والفئ قال المأمون: وأي حق لك في الخمس والفى؟ قال إن الله تعالى قسم الخمس ستة اقسام فقال: (واعلموا إنما غنمتم من شئ فان لله خمسة وللرسول ولذي القربى واليتامى والمساكين وابن السبيل ان كنتم آمنتم بالله وما أنزلنا على عبدنا يوم الفرقان يوم التقى الجمعان) وقسم الفئ على ستة اسهم فقال الله تعالى: (ما أفاء الله على رسوله من أهل القرى فلله وللرسول ولذي القربى واليتامى والمساكين وابن السبيل كيلا يكون دولة بين الاغنياء منكم) فمنعتني حقى وانا ابن السبيل منقطع بى ومسكين لا ارجع إلى شئ ومن حملة القرآن فقال المأمون: أعطل حدا من حدود الله وحكما من احكامه في السارق من أجل اساطير هذه؟ فقال الصوفي إبدا بنفسك فطهرها ثم طهر غيرك واقم حد الله عليها، فالتفت المأمون إلى أبى الحسن " ع " فقال: ما يقول؟ فقال انه يقول سرقت فسرق، فغضب المأمون غضبا شديدا ثم قال للصوفي والله لاقطعنك فقال الصوفي أتقطعني وأنت عبد لى فقال: المأمون ويلك ومن أين صرت عبدا؟ لك قال لان أمك اشتريت من مال المسلمين فانت عبد لمن في المشرق والمغرب حتى يعتقوك وأنا لم اعتقك ثم بلعت الخمس بعد ذلك فلا أعطيت آل الرسول حقا ولا اعطيتني ونظرائي حقا، واخرى ان الخبيث لا يطهر خبيثا انما يطهره طاهر، ومن في جنبه الحد فلا يقيم الحدود على غيره حتى يبدأ بنفسه أما سمعت الله تعالى يقول: (أتأمرون الناس بالبر وتنسون انفسكم وانتم تتلون الكتاب أفلا تعقلون) فالتفت المأمون إلى ابى الحسن " ع " فقال ما ترى في أمره؟ فقال " ع ": قل فلله الحجة البالغة وهى التى تبلغ الجاهل فيعلمها بجهله كما يعلمها العالم بعلمه والدنيا والآخرة قايمتان بالحجة وقد احتج الرجل بالقرآن فأمر المأمون عند ذلك باطلاق الصوفي واحتجب عن الناس واشتغل بابى الحسن " ع " حتى سمه فقتله وقتل الفضل بن سهل وجماعة من الشيعة.


1. Al Husayn Bin Ibrahim Bin Hisham Al Mowdab narrated to us, and Ali Bin Abdulla Al Waraq, and Ahmad Bin Ziyad Bin Ja’far Al Hamdany, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Sinan who said, ‘I was in the presence of my Master (asws) Al-Reza (asws) at Khurasaan, and Al-Mamoun had him (asws) seated on his right, whenever he used to have a gathering for the people on Mondays and Thursdays. A matter was raised to Al-Mamoun in the case of a man from the Sufis who had committed theft. So he ordered for him to be presented. So when he looked at him, he found austerity in between his eyes, the effects of the Prostrations. So he said, ‘Besides all these beautiful effects, this is an ugly deed been attached to you, of the theft, along with what I see from the entirety of your effects and your apparent appearance’. He said, ‘That is from the restlessness, not by choice, when you prevented me from Al-Khums and Al-Fey’. Al-Mamoun said, ‘And which right is there for your from Al-Khums and Al-Fey?’ He said, ‘Allah (azwj) the High as Divided Al-Khums into six divisions, so He (azwj) Said [8:41] And know that whatever war booty you gain, a fifth of it is for Allah and for the Rasool and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah and in that which We Revealed to Our servant, on the Day of Distinction, the day on which the two parties met. And He (azwj) Divided Al-Fey over six portions, so He (azwj) Said [59:7] Whatever Allah has restored to His Rasool from the people of the towns, it is for Allah and for the Rasool, and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the sons of the Way, so that it may not be a thing taken by turns among the rich ones of you. Thus, you have prevented from me, my rightful (allocation), and I am a wayfarer, cut off from my dwelling, a poor one, not having anything to return to, and I am from the bearers (Memorisers) of the Quran’. So Al-Mamoun said, ‘(You wish me to) withhold a Limit from the Limits of Allah (azwj), and a Judgement from His (azwj) Judgements with regards to the theft, from such stories as these?’ So the Sufi said, ‘Begin with your own self, so purify it, then purify others and establish a Limit of Allah (azwj) over it’. So Al-Mamoun turned towards Abu Al-Hassan (asws), so he said, ‘What is he saying?’ So he (asws) said: ‘He is saying that you are a thief and he is a thief’. So Al-Mamoun got angry with an intense anger, then said to the Sufi, ‘By Allah (azwj)! I shall cut (your hands) off!’ So the Sufi said, ‘You will cut (my hands) off, and you are a slave of mine?’ So Al-Mamoun said, ‘Woe be unto you! And from where did I become a slave for your?’ He said, ‘Because your mother was bought from the wealth of the Muslims, therefore you are a slave of the ones in the east and the west until they free you, and I will never set you free. Then you swallowed up Al-Khums after that, so you did not give the Progeny (asws) of the Rasool (saww) their (asws) right, nor did you give it to me, nor my peers their right. And another thing, the evil one does not purify the evil one, but rather it is the pure one who purifies him, and the one in whose side is the Limit cannot establish the Limit upon others until he begins with himself. But, have you not heard Allah (azwj) the High Saying [2:44] Are you ordering the people to be good and neglecting your own souls while you read the Book; have you then no sense?’. So Al-Mamoun turned towards Abu Al-Hassan (asws), so he said, ‘What is your (asws) view regarding his matter?’ So he (asws) said: ‘[6:149] Say: Then Allah’s is the conclusive Argument – and it is which the ignorant one delivers it, so he learns it by his ignorance, just as the knowledgeable one learns it by his knowledge, and the world and the Hereafter are both standing by the Proofs, and the man has argued by the Quran’. So, during that, Al-Mamoun ordered for the Sufi to be set free, and veiled himself from the people, and kept himself occupied with Abu Al-Hassan (asws) to the extent that he poisoned him (asws), and killed Al-Fazal Bin Sahl, and a group from the Shiah’.