153. The reason due to which Ali Bin Musa Al-Reza was named as ‘Al-Reza’ (The Satisfaction)

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حدثنا احمد بن علي بن ابراهيم رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنى ابى، عن جدى إبراهيم بن هاشم عن احمد بن ابى نصر البزنطى قال: قلت لابي جعفر محمد ابن علي الثاني عليهما السلام ان قوما من مخالفيكم يزعمون ان أباك صلوات الله عليه إنما سماه المأمون الرضا لما رضيه لولاية عهده، فقال، كذبوا والله وفجروا بل الله تعالى سماه الرضا لانه كان " ع " رضى الله تعالى ذكره في سمائه ورضى لرسوله والائمة بعده عليهم السلام في أرضه قال: فقلت له ألم يكن كل واحد من آبائك الماضين عليهم السلام رضى الله تعالى ولرسوله والائمة بعده؟ فقال بلى، فقلت له فلم سمى اباك " ع " من بينهم الرضا؟ قال لانه رضى به المخالفون من اعدائه، كما رضى الله الموافقون من أوليائه ولم يكن ذلك لاحد من آبائه عليهم السلام، فلذلك سمي من بينهم الرضا عليه السلام.


1. Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Ibrahim narrated to us, from his father, from his grandfather Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ahmad Bin Abu Nasr Al Bazanty who said, ‘I said to Abu Ja’far Muhammad (a.s.) Ibn Ali (a.s.), the Second (9 (th) Imam (a.s.)), that, ‘A group of adversaries are alleging that your (a.s.) father (a.s.) was named by Al-Mamoun as ‘Al-Reza’ when he (a.s.) was satisfied with the mandate of his reign’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘They are lying, By Allah (azwj), and slandering! But, it was Allah (azwj) the High Who Named him (a.s.) as ‘Al-Reza’ because he (a.s.) was satisfied with Allah (azwj), Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, with regards to Him (azwj) Naming him (a.s.), and was satisfied with His (azwj) Rasool (saww), and with the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww), with His (azwj) satisfaction’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Were not each one (a.s.) of your (a.s.) past fathers (a.s.) satisfied with Allah (azwj) the High and His (azwj) Rasool (saww), and the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Yes’. So I said, ‘So why was your (a.s.) father (a.s.) (in particular) named as ‘Al-Reza’, from in between them (a.s.) all?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because even the adversaries from his (a.s.) enemies were satisfied just as the conformists from his (a.s.) friends were, and that had never happened for anyone from his (a.s.) forefathers (a.s.). Thus, it is due to that, he (a.s.) was named, from in between them, as ‘Al-Reza’.