150. The reason due to which Abu Ja’far Muhammad (asws) Bin Ali (asws) was named as ‘Al-Baqir’ (The Expounder)

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حدثنا أبو العباس محمد بن ابراهيم بن اسحاق الطالقاني رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا عبد العزيز بن يحيى البصري بالبصرة قال حدثنى المغيرة بن محمد قال حدثنا رجاء بن سلمة عن عمرو بن شمر قال: سألت جابر بن يزيد الجعفي فقلت له لم سمي الباقر باقرا؟ قال: لانه بقر العلم بقرا - أي شقه شقا واظهره إظهارا ولقد حدثنى جابر بن عبد الله الانصاري انه سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: يا جابر إنك ستبقى حتى تلقى ولدي محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن علي بن ابى طالب المعروف في التوراة بباقر فإذا لقيته فاقرأه منى السلام، فلقيه جابر بن عبد الله الانصاري في بعض سكك المدينة فقال له يا غلام من أنت؟ قال: انا محمد بن علي بن الحسين ابن علي بن ابى طالب، قال له جابر يا بني إقبل فاقبل ثم قال له ادبر فادبر، فقال: شمائل رسول الله ورب الكعبة، ثم قال يا بنى رسول الله يقرؤك السلام فقال على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله السلام مادامت السماوات والارض وعليك يا جابر بما بلغت السلام فقال له جابر يا باقر أنت الباقر حقا أنت الذي تبقر العلم بقرا ثم كان جابر يأتيه فيجلس بين يديه فيعلمه وربما غلط جابر فيما يحدث به عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فيرد عليه ويذكره فيقبل ذلك منه ويرجع إلى قوله وكان يقول يا باقر يا باقر يا باقر أشهد بالله إنك قد أوتيت الحكم صبيا.


1. Abu Al Abbas Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Talaqany narrated to us, from Abdul Aziz Bin Yahya Al Basry at Al basra, from Al Mugheira Bin Muhammad ,from Raja’a Bin Salma, (It has been narrated) from Amro Bin Shimr who said, ‘I asked Jabir Bin Yazeed Al-Ju’fy, so I said to him, ‘Why was Al-Baqir (a.s.) named as ‘Baqir’?’ He said, ‘Because he (a.s.) expounded the Knowledge with an expansion – i.e. he (a.s.) cleft it asunder with a cleaving, and manifested it with a manifestation. An Jabir Bin Abdullah Al Ansary had narrated to me that he had heard Rasool-Allah (saww) saying: ‘O Jabir! You will be remaining until you meet my (saww) son Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.), well known in the Torah as ‘Baqir’. So when you meet him (a.s.), convey the greetings from me (saww). So Jabir Bin Abdullah Al-Ansary met him (a.s.) in one of the markets of Al-Medina, so he said to him (a.s.), ‘O boy! Who are you?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘I (a.s.) am Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) Ibn Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.)’. Jabir said to him (a.s.), ‘O my son! Face me’. So he (a.s.) faced him. Then he said, ‘Turn around!’ So he (a.s.) turned around. So he said, ‘By the Lord (azwj) of the Kabah! You resemble Rasool-Allah (saww)’. Then he said, ‘O my son! Rasool-Allah (saww) sent the greetings to you (a.s.)’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘The greetings be upon Rasool-Allah (saww) for as long as the skies and the earth exist, and upon you O Jabir, due to your delivery of the greetings’. Jabir said to him (a.s.), ‘O Baqir (a.s.)! You (a.s.) are truly Al-Baqir (a.s.) who would be expounding the Knowledge with an expansion’. Then Jabir used to come to him (a.s.), and he would be seated in front of him (a.s.), so he would let him (a.s.) know (Ahadeeth), and wherever Jabir used to get it wrong with regards to what he had narrated with from Rasool-Allah (saww), so he (a.s.) would repudiate it back to him, and he (a.s.) would remind him, so he would accept that from him (a.s.), and he would return to his (a.s.) words, and he used to be saying, ‘O Baqir! O Baqir! O Baqir! I testify by Allah (azwj) that you (a.s.) have been Given the Wisdom whilst a child’.