144. The reason due to which the day of Ashura came to be the day of the greatest difficultiesBack to book
حدثنا محمد بن علي بن بشار القزويني رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا ابو الفرج المظفر بن احمد القزويني قال: حدثنا محمد بن جعفر الكوفي الاسدي قال: حدثنا سهل بن زياد الآدمى قال: حدثنا سليمان بن عبد الله الخزاز الكوفي قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي قال: قلت لابي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد الصادق " ع " يابن رسول الله كيف صار يوم عاشوراء يوم مصيبة وغم وجزع وبكاء دون اليوم الذي قبض منه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله واليوم الذي ماتت فيه فاطمة عليها السلام واليوم الذي قتل فيه أمير المؤمنين " ع " واليوم الذي قتل فيه الحسن " ع " بالسم؟ فقال: ان يوم الحسين" ع " أعظم مصيبة من جميع سائر الايام، وذلك ان أصحاب الكساء الذي كانوا أكرم الخلق على الله تعالى كانوا خمسة فلما مضى عنهم النبي صلى الله عليه وآله بقى أمير المؤمنين وفاطمة والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام فكان فيهم للناس عزاء وسلوة فلما مضت فاطمة عليها السلام كان في أمير المؤمنين والحسن والحسين للناس عزاء وسلوة فلما مضى منهم أمير المؤمنين " ع " كان للناس في الحسن والحسين عزاء وسلوة فلما مضى الحسن " ع " كان للناس في الحسين " ع " عزاء وسلوة، فلما قتل الحسين " ع " لم يكن بقى من أهل الكساء أحد للناس فيه بعده عزاء وسلوة فكان ذهابه كذهاب جميعهم كما كان بقاؤه كبقاء جميعهم فلذلك صار يومه أعظم مصيبة. قال عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي: فقلت له يابن رسول الله فلم لم يكن للناس في علي بن الحسين عزاء وسلوة مثل ما كان لهم في آبائه عليهم السلام؟ فقال بلى ان علي بن الحسين كان سيد العابدين وإماما وحجة على الخلق بعد آبائه الماضين ولكنه لم يلق رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ولم يسمع منه وكان علمه وراثة عن ابيه عن جده عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وكان أمير المؤمنين وفاطمة والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام قد شاهدهم الناس مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في أحوال في آن يتوالى فكانوا متى نظروا إلى أحد منهم تذكروا حاله مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وقول رسول الله له وفيه، فلما مضوا فقد الناس مشاهدة الاكرمين على الله عز وجل ولم يكن في أحد منهم فقد جميعهم إلا في فقد الحسين " ع " لانه مضى آخرهم فلذلك صار يومه أعظم الايام مصيبة. قال عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي: فقلت له يابن رسول الله فكيف سمت العامة يوم عاشوراء، يوم بركة فبكى " ع " ثم قال: لما قتل الحسين " ع " تقرب الناس بالشام إلى يزيد فوضعوا له الاخبار وأخذوا عليه الجوائز من الاموال فكان مما وضعوا له أمر هذا اليوم وانه يوم بركة ليعدل الناس فيه من الجزع والبكاء والمصيبة والحزن إلى الفرح والسرور والتبرك والاستعداد فيه حكم الله مما بيننا وبينهم قال: ثم قال " ع " يابن عم وان ذلك لاقل ضررا على الاسلام واهله وضعه قوم انتحلوا مودتنا وزعموا أنهم يدينون بموالاتنا ويقولون بامامتنا زعموا ان الحسين " ع " لم يقتل وانه شبه للناس أمره كعيسى بن مريم فلا لائمة اذن على بنى امية ولا عتب على زعمهم، يابن عم من زعم ان الحسين " ع " لم يقتل فقد كذب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وعليا وكذب من بعده الائمة عليهم السلام في أخبارهم بقتله، ومن كذبهم فهو كافر بالله العظيم ودمه مباح لكل من سمع ذلك منه. قال عبد الله بن الفضل: فقلت له يابن رسول الله فما تقول في قوم من شيعتك يقولون به؟ فقال " ع " ما هؤلاء من شيعتي وانى برئ منهم (كذاوكذا وكذا وكذا إبطال القرآن والجنة والنار) قال: فقلت فقول الله تعالى (ولقد علمتم الذين اعتدوا منكم في السبت فقلنا لهم كونوا قردة خاسئين) قال: ان اولئك مسخوا ثلاثة ايام ثم ماتوا ولم يتناسلوا، وان القردة اليوم مثل أولئك، وكذلك الخنازير وساير المسوخ، ما وجد منها اليوم من شئ فهو مثله لا يحل ان يؤكل لحمه. ثم قال " ع ": لعن الله الغلاة والمفوضة فانهم صغروا عصيان الله وكفروا به وأشركوا وضلواو أضلوا قرار من إقامة الفرايض واداء الحقوق.
1. Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Bashaar Al Qazwimy narrated to us, from Abu Al Faraj Al Muzaffar Bin Ahmad Al Qazwiny, from Muhammad Bin Ja’far Al Kufy Al Asady, from Sahl Bin Ziyad Al Admy, from Suleyman Bin Abdullah Al Khazaz Al Kufy, from Abdullah Bin Al Fazal Al Hashmy who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah Ja’far (asws) Bin Muhammad Al-Sadiq (asws): ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! How did the day of Ashura come to be a day of difficulties, and gloom, and distress, and wailing, besides the day in which Rasool-Allah (saww) passed away, and the day in which Fatima (asws) passed away, and the day in which Amir Al-Momineen (asws) was murdered, and the day in which Al-Hassan (asws) was murdered by the poison?’ So he (asws) said: ‘The day of Al-Husayn (asws) was the day of the greatest difficulties from the entirety of the days, and that is that the Companions of the Cloak (As’haab Al-Kisaa) were the most prestigious of the creatures to Allah (azwj) the High, and they (asws) were five of them. So when the Prophet (saww) passed away from among them (asws), there remained Amir Al-Momineen (asws), and Fatima (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws). So there was among them, for the people was a condolence and a comfort. So when Fatima (asws) passed away, in Amir Al-Momineen (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws) there used to be condolence and comfort for the people. So when Amir Al-Momineen (asws) passed away, in Al-Hassan (asws) and Al-Husayn (asws), there used to be condolence and comfort for the people. So when Al-Hassan (asws) passed away, there used to be for the people, in Al-Husayn (asws), a condolence and comfort for the people. So when Al-Husayn (asws) was killed, there did not remain anyone from the Companions of the Cloak for the people, to be a condolence and comfort for the people. So, his (asws) going away was like the going away of all of them (asws), and his (asws) remaining was like the remaining of all of them (asws). Thus, it is due to that, his (asws) day became the day of the greatest difficulties’. Abdullah Al-fazal Al-Hashimy said, ‘So I said to him (asws), ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So did not there become a condolence and comfort in Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husyan (asws), the like of what was for them in his (asws) forefathers (asws)?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Yes, Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) was the Chief of the worshippers, and an Imam (asws), and a Proof (asws) over the creatures after his (asws) past forefathers (asws), but he (asws) did not meet Rasool-Allah (saww), and did not hear from him (saww), and his (asws) Knowledge and inheritance was from his (asws) father (asws), from his (asws) grandfather (asws), from the Prophet (saww). And Amir Al-Momineen (asws), and Fatima (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws), the people had seen them (asws) with Rasool-Allah (saww) in various situations in a steady stream. So whenever they used to look at any one of them (asws), they would remember his (asws) state with Rasool-Allah (saww), and the words of Rasool-Allah (saww) for him (asws) and with regards to him (saww). So when they passed, the people lost the witnessing the most prestigious ones (asws) to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and losing one of them (asws) did not amount to losing all of them (asws) except in the case of losing Al-Husayn (asws) because he (asws) passed away at the end of them. Thus, it is due to that, his (asws) day became the day of the greatest difficulties’. Abdullah Bin Al Fazal Al-Hashimy said, ‘So I said to him (asws), ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So how come the general Muslims call the day of Ashura as a day of Blessing?’ So he (asws) wept, then said: ‘When Al-Husayn (asws) was killed, the people tried to get closer to Yazeed (la) and placed the news (whatever was pleasing to him (la)), and took parts of the wealth from him (la). So, from whatever they placed to him (la) was the matter of this day that is a day of Blessing so that the people, instead of being distress, and weeping, and difficulties, and the grief, would take to happiness, and the cheerfulness, and the exchanging of gifts, and celebrating it as a festival (Eid). Allah (azwj) will Judge between us (asws) and them’. He (the narrator) said, ‘Then he (asws) said: ‘O cousin! And that was the least harmful to Al-Islam and its people, but the people who assumed our (asws) cordiality, and assumed that they are actually making a Religion by our (asws) Wilayah and are speaking with our (asws) Imamate, (began) claiming that Al-Husayn (asws) was not killed and that it just appeared to be so to the people, and that his (asws) matter was like that of Isa (as) Bin Mayram (as). So now there is no authorisation for the Imams (asws) against the Clan of Umayya, nor any blame upon them, upon what they (asws) were claiming. O cousin! The one who claims that Al-Husayn (asws) was not killed, so he has belied Rasool-Allah (saww), and Ali (asws), and belied the ones after him (asws) from the Imams (asws), in their news of him (asws) being killed. And the one who belies them (asws), so he is a disbeliever in Allah (azwj) the Magnificent, and his blood is Permissible (to be shed) for everyone who hears than from him’. Abdullah Bin Al-Fazal said, ‘So I said to him (asws), ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So what are you saying regarding a people from your (asws) Shias who are speaking by it?’ So he (asws) said: ‘They are not from my (asws) Shias, and I (asws) am away from them. Such, and such, and such, and such invalidates the Quran, and the Paradise, and the Fire’. He (the narrator) said, ‘So I said, ‘(What about) The words of Allah (azwj) the High [2:65] And you have known those among you who exceeded the limits of the Sabbath, so We Said to them: Become apes, despised?’ They were metamorphosed for three days, then died, and did not produce offspring, and that the monkeys today are similar to those ones, and such is the case of the pigs and the rest of the metamorphosed ones. Nothing can be found from these. Since they are similar to it, it is not Permissible to eat their flesh’. Then he (asws) said: ‘May Allah (azwj) Curse the exaggerators (Ghulaat) and the ‘Mufawwiza’ (Believers in delegation of Authority), for they have belittled the disobedience to Allah (azwj) and have disbelieved in it, and they have associated, and strayed and have strayed others from establishing the Obligations and fulfilment of the rights’.
حدثنا محمد بن ابراهيم بن اسحاق قال: اخبرنا احمد بن محمد الهمداني عن علي بن الحسن بن فضال، عن ابيه، عن أبى الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا " ع " قال: من ترك السعي في حوايجه يوم عاشوراء قضى الله له حوايج الدنيا والآخرة ومن كان يوم عاشوراء يوم مصيبته وحزنه وبكائه يجعل الله عز وجل يوم القيامة يوم فرحه وسروره وقرت بنا في الجنان عينه، ومن سمى يوم عاشوراء يوم بركة وادخر لمنزله شيئا لم يبارك له فيما ادخر وحشر يوم القيامة مع يزيد وعبيدالله ابن زياد وعمر بن سعد (لعنهم الله) إلى اسفل درك من النار.
2. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Hamdany, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Bin Fazal, from his father, (It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan Ali (asws) Bin Musa Al-Reza (asws) having said: ‘The one who abstains the running around with regard to his needs on the day of Ashura, Allah (azwj) would Fulfil his needs of the world and the Hereafter. And the one for whom the day of Ashura was a day of his difficulties, and his grief, and his crying, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would Make the Day of Judgement for him as a day of his happiness, and his joy, and would Delight his eyes in the Gardens. And the one who call the day of Ashura as a day of Blessing, and stashes something for his house, Allah (azwj) would not Bless it for him with regards to what he had stashed away, and he would be Resurrected on the Day of Judgement along with Yazeed (la), and Ubeydullah Ibn Ziyad (la), and Umar Bin Sa’ad (la) (may Allah (azwj) Curse them (la)) to the lowest Level from the Fire’.