139. The reason due to which the Imamate came to be in the sons (asws) of Al-Husayn (asws) besides Al-Hassan (asws)

Back to book

أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن الحسن بن موسى الخشاب عن علي بن حسان الواسطي، عن عمه عبد الرحمان بن كثير قال: قلت لابي عبد الله " ع " ماعنى الله عز وجل بقوله (إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا) قال: نزلت في النبي وأمير المؤمنين والحسن والحسين وفاطمة عليهم السلام فلما قبض الله عز وجل نبيه كان أمير المؤمنين ثم الحسن ثم الحسين عليهم السلام ثم وقع تأويل هذه الآية (واولوا الارحام بعضهم أولى ببعض في كتاب الله) وكان علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام إماما ثم جرت في الائمة من ولده الاوصياء عليهم السلام فطاعتهم طاعة الله ومعصيتهم معصية الله عز وجل.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah Bin Al Hassan Bin Musa Al Khashab, from Ali Bin Hisan Al Wasity, from his uncle Abdul Rahman Bin Kaseer who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘What does Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Mean by His (azwj) Words [33:33] But rather, Allah Desires to Keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! And to Purify you a with a Purification?’ He (asws) said: ‘It was Reveled regarding the Prophet (saww), and Amir Al-Momineen (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws), and Fatima (asws). So when Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Caused His (azwj) Prophet (saww) to pass away, there was Amir Al-Momineen (asws), then Al-Hassan (asws), then Al-Husayn (asws). Then, there occurred the explanation of this Verse [33:6] and the possessors of relationships some of them are closer to others in the Book of Allah. And Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) was an Imam (asws). Then if flowed in the Imams (asws) from his (asws) sons (asws), the successors. Thus, obedience to them (asws) is obedience to Allah (azwj), and disobedience to them (asws) is disobedience to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن احمد وعبد الله أبنى محمد ابن عيسى عن أبيهما عن عبد الله بن المغيرة عن عبد الله بن مسكان عن عبد الرحيم القصير عن أبى جعفر " ع " قال: سألته عن قول الله عز وجل (النبي أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم وازواجه امهاتهم واولوا الارحام بعضهم أولى بعض في كتاب الله) فيمن نزلت؟ قال نزلت في الامرة ان هذه الآية جرت في الحسين بن علي وفي ولد الحسين من بعده فنحن أولى بالامر وبرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله من المؤمنين والمهاجرين فقلت لولد جعفر فيها نصيب؟ قال: لا، قال فعددت عليه بطون بني عبد المطلب كل ذلك يقول لا، ونسيت ولد الحسن فدخلت عليه بعد ذلك فقلت هل لولد الحسن فيها نصيب فقال لا يا ابا عبد الرحمان ما لمحمدي فيها نصيب غيرنا.


2. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad and Abdullah the son of Muhammad Ibn Isa, from both their fathers, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheira, from Abdullah Bin Muskan, from Abdul Raheem Al Qusayr, (The narrator says) ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (asws) about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [33:6] The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers; and the possessors of relationships some of them are closer to others in the Book of Allah, so for whom was it Revealed?’ He (asws) said: ‘It was revealed regarding the command/authority, and that this Verse flows in Al-Husayn (asws) Bin Ali (asws) and in the sons (asws) of Al-Husayn (asws) from after him (asws). Thus, we (asws) are the closer to the Command and with Rasool-Allah (saww) than the Believers and the Emigrants’. So I said, ‘Is there a share in it for the sons of Ja’far (as)?’ He (asws) said: ‘No’. He (the narrator) said, ‘So I numbered to him the relatives of the Clan of Abd Al-Muttalib (as), for each of that he (asws) said: No!’, and I forgot the sons of Al-Hassan (asws). So I included to him (asws), after that, so I said, ‘Is there a share in it for the sons of Al-Hassan (asws)?’ So he (asws) said: ‘No! O Abu Abdul Rahman! There is no share in it for any Mohammedan, apart from us (asws)’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد عن حماد بن عيسى عن عبدالعلى بن أعين قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله " ع " يقول، ان الله عز وجل خص عليا " ع " بوصية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وما يصيبه له، فاقر الحسن والحسين له بذلك ثم وصيته للحسن وتسليم الحسين للحسن ذلك حتى افضى الامر إلى الحسين لا ينازعه فيه احد له من السابقة مثل ماله واستحقها علي بن الحسين لقول الله عز وجل (واولوا الارحام بعضهم أولى ببعض في كتاب الله) فلا تكون بعد علي بن الحسين إلا في الاعقاب واعقاب الاعقاب.


3. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Ubeyd, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Abdul A’ala Bin Ayn who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Specialised Ali (asws) for getting the successorship of Rasool-Allah (saww), and Al-Hassan (asws) and Al-Husayn (asws) accepted that for him (asws). Then the successorship was for Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws) submitted to Al-Husayn (asws), until the Command passed to Al-Husayn (asws), and no one disputed with him (asws) with regards to it for preceding him (asws) to it similar to what was for him (asws), and its rightful one was Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) due to the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [33:6]; and the possessors of relationships some of them are closer to others in the Book of Allah. Thus, after Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws), it would not come to be in anyone except in the posterity, and the posterity, and the posterity’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري، عن ابراهيم بن مهزيار عن علي بن مهزيار عن الحسين بن سعيد عن محمد بن سنان عن أبى سالم عن سودة بن كليب عن أبى بصير، عن أبى جعفر " ع " في قول الله عز وجل: (وجعلها كلمة باقية في عقبه) قال: في عقب الحسين " ع " فلما يزل هذا الامر منذ افضى إلى الحسين ينتقل من ولد إلى ولد لا يرجع إلى أخ ولاعم ولم يتم، يعلم احد منهم إلا وله ولد وان عبد الله خرج من الدنيا ولا ولد له ولم يمكث بين ظهراني أصحابه إلا شهرا.


4. My father said, ‘Abdullah Bin Ja’far Al Humeyri narrated to us, from Ibrahim Bin Mahziyar, from Ali Bin Mahziyar, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Abu Saalim, from Sowda Bin Kaleyb, from Abu Baseer, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [43:28] And He Made it a Word to continue in his posterity. He (asws) said: ‘Abu Ja’far (asws) regarding the Words of the Mighty and Majestic [43:28] And He Made it a Word to continue in his posterity, so he (asws) said: ‘In the posterity of Al-Husayn (asws). So this matter will not cease to be in Al-Husayn (asws), from son (asws) to son (asws), not going to a brother or an uncle, and not taking place from anyone among them (asws) except a son (asws) is Given to him (asws)’. And that Abdullah (son of 6 (th) Imam (asws)) exited from the world and there was no son for him, and did not remain in the midst of his companions, except for a month’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال: حدثنا الحسين بن الحسن بن أبان، عن الحسين بن سعيد عن القاسم بن محمد عن عبد الصمد بن بشير عن فضيل بن سكرة قال: دخلت على أبى عبد الله " ع " فقال يا فضيل أتدرى في أي شئ كنت أنظر قبل؟ فقلت لا، قال كنت أنظر في كتاب فاطمة عليها السلام فليس ملك يملك إلا وهو مكتوب باسمه واسم أبيه فما وجدت لولد الحسن فيه شيئا.


5. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Al Husayn Bin Al Hassan Bin Aban, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Abdul Samad Bin Basheer, from Fazeyl Bin Sakra who said, ‘I came over to Abu Abdullah (asws), so he (asws) said: ‘O Fazeyl! Do you know in which thing I (asws) was looking into just before?’ So I said, ‘No’. He (asws) said: ‘I (asws) was looking into a Book of (Syeda) Fatima (asws). So there is no king who would be ruling except that he is mentioned by his name and the name of his father, and I (asws) did not find in it anything for the sons of Al-Hassan (asws)’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسين بن سعيد عن حماد بن عيسى عن ابراهيم بن عمر اليماني، عن أبى الطفيل عن أبى جعفر " ع " قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لامير المؤمنين اكتب ما أملي عليك قال يا نبي الله أو تخاف علي النسيان فقال لست اخاف عليك النسيان وقد دعوت الله لك ان يحفظك ولا ينسيك ولكن اكتب لشركائك قال: فقلت ومن شركائي يا نبي الله؟ قال الائمة من ولدك بهم تسقى امتى الغيث وبهم يستجاب دعائهم وبهم يصرف الله عنهم البلاء وبهم تنزل الرحمة من السماء وهذا أولهم وأومى إلى الحسن ثم أومى بيده إلى الحسين ثم قال: الائمة من ولده.


6. My father said, ‘My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar Al Yamani, from Abu Al Tufayl, Abu Ja’far (asws) has said that Rasool-Allah (saww) said to Amir Al-Momineen (asws): ‘Write what I (saww) dictate to you (asws)’. He (asws) said: ‘O Prophet (saww) of Allah (azwj)! Or are you (saww) fearing the forgetfulness to me (asws)?’ So he (saww) said: ‘I (saww) am not fearing the forgetfulness over you (asws), and I (saww) have supplicated to Allah (azwj) for you (asws) that you (asws) would memorise and will not forget, but write for your (asws) associates’. He (asws) said: ‘And who are my (asws) associates, O Prophet (saww) of Allah (azwj)?’ He (saww) said: ‘The Imams (asws) from your (asws) sons (asws), due to whom (asws) my (saww) community would quench itself from the rain, and due to them (asws) their supplications would be Answered, and due to them (asws) Allah (azwj) would Exchange the afflictions, and due to them (asws) the Mercy would descend from the sky, and this one is the first of them (asws)’ – and he (saww) gestured by his (saww) hand towards Al-Husayn (asws), then said: ‘The Imams (asws) from his (asws) sons (asws)’.




ابى رحمه ا لله قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى عن محمد بن احمد عن علي ابن محمد عن القاسم بن محمد عن سلمان بن داود المنقر عن محمد بن يحيى عن الحسين الواسطي عن يونس بن عبد الرحمان عن ابى فاختة عن ابى عبد الله " ع " قال: لا تكون الامامة في اخوين بعد الحسن والحسين وهي جارية في الاعقاب في عقب الحسين عليه السلام.


7. My father said, ‘Muhammad Bin Yahya narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ali Ibn Muhammad, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Suleyman Bin Dawood Al Manqar, from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Al Husayn Al Wasity, from Yunus Bin Abdul Rahman, from Abu Fakhta, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘The Imamate will not happen to be in two brothers after Al-Hassan (asws) and Al-Husayn (asws), and it flows in the posterities in the posterity of Al-Husayn (asws)’.




حدثنا علي بن احمد بن عبد الله البرقي عن ابيه عن جده عن احمد ابن ابى عبد الله عن محمد بن عيسى عن محمد بن ابى يعقوب البلخى قال: سألت أبا الحسن الرضا " ع " قلت له لاي علة صارت الامامة في ولد الحسين دون ولد الحسن عليهما السلام؟ قال: لان الله عز وجل جعلها في ولد الحسين ولم يجعلها في ولد الحسن والله لا يسأل عما يفعل.


8. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Abdullah Al Barqy narrated to us, from his father, from his grandfather, from Ahmad Ibn Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Muhammad Bin Abu Yaqoub Al Balkhy who said, ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws), saying to him (asws), ‘For which reason did the Imamate come to be in the sons (asws) of Al-Husayn (asws) besides the sons of Al-Hassan (asws)?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Made it to be in the sons (asws) of Al-Husayn (asws), and did not Make it to be in the sons of Al-Hassan (asws), and Allah (azwj) cannot be questioned about what He (azwj) Does’.




حدثنا ابراهيم بن هارون الهاشمي قال: حدثنا محمد بن احمد بن ابى الثلج قال حدثنا عيسى بن مهران قال: حدثنا منذر الشراك قال حدثنا اسماعيل ابن عليه قال أخبرني اسلم بن ميسرة العجلى عن انس بن مالك عن معاذ بن جبل: ان رسول الله قال: ان الله عز وجل خلقني وعليا وفاطمة والحسن والحسين قبل ان يخلق الدنيا بسبعة آلاف عام قلت فاين كنتم يارسول؟ قال: قدام العرش نسبح الله تعالى ونحمده ونقدسه ونمجده قلت: على أي مثال؟ قال اشباح نور حتى إذا أراد الله عز وجل ان يخلق صورنا صيرنا عمود نور ثم قذفنا في صلب آدم ثم أخرجنا إلى أصلاب الآباء وأرحام الامهات ولا يصيبنا نجس الشرك ولاسفاح الكفر يسعد بنا قوم ويشق بنا آخرون، فلما صيرنا إلى صلب عبد المطلب أخرج ذلك النور فشقه نصفين فجعل نصفه في عبد الله ونصفه في ابى طالب ثم أخرج النصف الذي لي إلى آمنة والنصف إلى فاطمة بنت أسد فاخرجتني آمنة واخرجت فاطمة عليا ثم أعاد عز وجل العمود إلي فخرجت منى فاطمة ثم أعاد عز وجل العمود إلى علي فخرج منه الحسن والحسين - يعنى من النصفين جميعا فما كان من نور علي فصار في ولد الحسن، وما كان من نوري صار في ولد الحسين فهو ينتقل في الائمة من ولده إلى يوم القيامة.


9. Ibrahim Bin Haroun Al Hashimy narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Abu Al Salj, from Isa Bin Mahran, from Manzar Al Sharaak, from Ismail Ibn Aleyh,from Aslam Bin Maysara Al Ajaly, from Anas Bin Malik, from Ma’az Bin Jabal who said, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Created me (saww), and Ali (asws), and Fatima (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws), seven thousand years before He (azwj) Created the world’. I said, ‘So where were you (asws) all, O Rasool-Allah (saww)?’ He (saww) said: ‘In front of the Throne. We (asws) were Glorifying Allah (azwj) the High, and Praising Him (azwj), and Extolling His (azwj) Holiness, and Cherishing Him (azwj)’. I said, ‘Over which resemblances (were you (asws) all)?’ He (saww) said: ‘Resembling the Light, until when Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Intended to Created our (asws) images (faces), Rendered us (asws) as beams of Light. Then He (azwj) Cast us (asws) to be in the ‘صلب’ of Adam (as). Then He (azwj) Extracted us (asws) to the صلب of our (asws) forefathers (as) and the laps of our (asws) mothers (as), and we (asws) were neither hit by the filth of Polytheism, nor by the foolishness of the disbelief. And one group of people are happy due to us (asws), and another group of people are miserable due to us (asws). So when we (asws) went into the صلب of Abdul Muttalib (as), that Light came out and split into two pieces, so half of it went into Abdullah (as), and half of it went into Abu Talib (as). Then that half which was for me (saww) went into Aamina (as), and the (other) half went into Fatima Bint Asad (as). So Aamina (as) brought me (saww) out, and Fatima (as) brought Ali (asws) out. Then the Mighty and Majestic Repeated the beams to me, so Fatima (asws) came out from me (saww). Then the Mighty and Majestic Repeated the beams to Ali (asws), so there came out from him (asws), Al-Hassan (asws) and Al-Husayn (asws) – meaning from all the halves together. So whatever was from the Light of Ali (asws), so it came to be in the sons of Al-Hassan (asws), and whatever was from my (saww) Light came to be in the sons of Al-Husayn (asws). So it would be transferring in the Imams (asws) from his (asws) sons (asws) up to the Day of Judgement’.