135. The reason due to which Khalid Bin Waleed was ordered with the murder of Amir Al Momineen (asws)

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبى عمير عمن ذكره عن أبى عبد الله " ع " قال: لما منع أبو بكر فاطمة عليها السلام فدكا وأخرج وكيلها جاء أمير المؤمنين " ع " إلى المسجد وأبو بكر جالس وحوله المهاجرون والانصار فقال يا أبا بكر لم منعت فاطمة عليها السلام ما جعله رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لها ووكيلها فيه منذ سنين؟ فقال أبو بكر: هذا فئ للمسلمين فإن أتت بشهود عدول وإلا فلا حق لها فيه قال يا أبا بكر تحكم فينا بخلاف ما تحكم في المسلمين؟ قال، لا قال اخبرني لو كان في يد المسلمين شئ فادعيت انا فيه ممن كنت تسأل البينة؟ قال إياك كنت أسأل قال فإذا كان في يدي شئ فادعى فيه المسلمون تسألني فيه البينة؟ قال فسكت أبو بكر، فقال عمر هذا فئ للمسلمين ولسنا من خصومتك في شئ، فقال أمير المؤمنين " ع " لابي بكر يا أبا بكر تقر بالقرآن؟ قال بلى، قال فاخبرني عن قول الله عز وجل: (إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا) أفينا أو في غيرنا نزلت؟ قال فيكم، قال فاخبرني لو ان شاهدين من المسلمين شهدا على فاطمة عليها السلام بفاحشة ما كنت صانعا؟ قال كنت أقيم عليها الحد كما أقيم على نساء المسلمين، قال كنت اذن عند الله من الكافرين قال ولم؟ قال لانك كنت ترد شهادة الله وتقبل شهادة غيره لان الله عز وجل قد شهد لها بالطهارة فإذا رددت شهادة الله وقبلت شهادة غيره كنت عند الله من الكافرين، قال فبكى الناس وتفرقوا ودمدموا، فلما رجع أبو بكر إلى منزله بعث إلى عمر فقال ويحك يابن الخطاب اما رأيت عليا وما فعل بنا والله لئن قعد مقعدا آخر ليفسدن هذا الامر علينا ولا نتهنأ بشئ مادام حيا قال عمر: ماله إلا خالد بن الوليد فبعثوا إليه فقال له أبو بكر نريد أن نحملك على أمر عظيم قال احملني على ما شئت ولو على قتل علي، قال فهو قتل علي، قال فصر بجنبه فإذا أنا سلمت فاضرب عنقه فبعثت اسماء بنت عميس وهي أم محمد بن أبى بكر خادمتها فقالت اذهبي إلى فاطمة فاقرئيها السلام فإذا دخلت من الباب فقولي (ان الملا يأتمرون بك ليقتلوك فاخرج إنى لك من الناصحين) فإن فهمتها وإلا فاعيديها مرة أخرى فجاءت فدخلت وقالت ان مولاتي تقول: يا بنت رسول الله كيف أنتم، ثم قرأت هذه الآية (ان الملا يأتمرون بك ليقتلوك) الاية فلما أرادت ان تخرج قرأتها فقال لها أمير المؤمنين اقرأي مولاتك منى السلام وقولي لها ان الله عز وجل يحول بينهم وبين ما يريدون ان شاء الله، فوقف خالد بن الوليد بجنبه فلما أراد ان يسلم لم يسلم وقال يا خالد لا تفعل ما أمرتك السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته فقال أمير المؤمنين " ع " ماهذا الامر الذي أمرك به ثم نهاك قبل ان يسلم: قال أمرنى بضرب عنقك وإنما امرني بعد التسليم، فقال أو كنت فاعلا؟ فقال إي والله لو لم ينهنى لفعلت، قال: فقام أمير المؤمنين " ع " فاخذ بمجامع ثوب خالد ثم ضرب به الحائط وقال لعمر: يابن صهاك والله لو لا عهد من رسول الله وكتاب من الله سبق لعلمت اينا اضعف جندا وأقل عددا.


1. My father said, ‘Ali Bin Ibrahim narrated to us, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from the one who mentioned it, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘When Abu Bakr prevented Fadak from Syeda Fatima (asws) and threw out her (asws) representatives (from it), Amir Al-Momineen (asws) came to the Masjid, and Abu Bakr was seated, and around him were the Emigrants and the Helpers. So he (asws) said: ‘O Abu Bakr! Why did you prevent Fatima (asws) from what Rasool-Allah (saww) had made it to be for her (asws), and she (asws) had her (asws) representatives there since the last two years?’ So Abu Bakr said, ‘This is ‘Fey’ (war booty) for the Muslims. So if she (asws) were to come with just witnesses (then fine) or else there is no right for her (asws) with regards to it’. He (asws) said: ‘O Abu Bakr! You are judging regarding us opposite to what you judge with regards to the (rest of the) Muslims?’ He said, ‘No’. He (asws) said: ‘Inform me, if something were to be in the hands of the Muslims, and I (asws) were to make a claim with regards to it, so from whom would you be asking for the proof?’ He said, ‘It is from you (asws) that I shall ask’. He (asws) said: ‘So if there was something which was in my (asws) hands, and the Muslims are making a claim on it, you are now asking me (asws) for the proof?’ He (asws) said: ‘So Abu Bakr was silent. So Umar said, ‘This is ‘Fey’ (war booty) for the Muslims, and we are not going to dispute with you (asws) anything with regards to it’. So Amir Al-Momineen (asws) said to Abu Bakr: ‘Do you acknowledge the Quran?’ He said, ‘Yes’. He (asws) said: ‘So, inform me (asws) about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [33:33] But rather, Allah Desires to Keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! And to Purify you a with a Purification, was it Revealed regarding us (asws) or others?’ He said, ‘Regarding you (asws)’. He (asws) said: ‘If two witnesses from the Muslims were to testify against Fatima (asws) for the immorality, what would you do?’ He said, ‘I shall establishment the Limit (punishment) upon her (asws) just as I would against the Muslim women’. He (asws) said: ‘Then you are from the Infidels, in the Presence of Allah (azwj)’. He said, ‘And why?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because you would have refuted the Testimony of Allah (azwj) and would be accepting the testimony of others, because Allah (azwj) has already Testified for her (asws) Purification. So if you were to refute the Testimony of Allah (azwj) and accept the testimony of others, you would be, in the Presence of Allah (azwj), from the Infidels’. He (asws) said: ‘So the people wept, and dispersed with tears in their eyes. So when Abu Bakr returned to his house, sent for Umar, so he said, ‘Woe be unto you, O son of Khataab! But, did you not see Ali (asws) and what he (asws) did with us? By Allah (azwj)! If he (asws) were to sit in another gathering, he (asws) would spoil this matter (Caliphate) against us, and we would not be welcome with anything for as long as we are alive’. Umar said, ‘What is for him (asws) except for Khalid Bin Waleed’. So they sent for him, and Abu Bakr said to him, ‘We want to burden you with a great matter’. He said, ‘Burden me whatever you so desire to, even for the murder of Ali (asws)’. He said, ‘So it is the murder of Ali (asws)’. He said, ‘So be at his (asws) side. When I greet (finish the Prayer), so strike his (asws) neck’. So Asma Bint Umays, and she is the mother of Muhammad Bin Abu Bakr (ra), called her maid and said, ‘Go to Fatima (asws) and convey my greetings to her (asws). So when she (asws) enters you into the door, so say, ‘[28:20] Surely the assembly is ordering for killing you, therefore depart; surely I am of those who wish well to you’. So if she (asws) understands it, (fine), or otherwise repeat it to her (asws) once again’. So she came, and entered, and said, ‘My mistress is saying, ‘O daughter (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! How are you (asws)?’ Then she recited this Verse [28:20] Surely the assembly is ordering for killing you – the Verse. So when she wanted to leave, she recited it (again). So Amir Al-Momineen (asws) said to her: ‘Convey greetings from me (asws) to your mistress, and say to her, ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would Turn around what is between them and between what they are intending for, if Allah (azwj) so Desires it’. So Khalid Bin Al-Waleed paused by his (asws) side, intending him (Abu Bakr) to greet (for finishing the Prayer). But he did not greet, and said, ‘O Khalid! Do not do what I had ordered you with! (and greeted) Peace be upon you, and Mercy of Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Blessings’. So Amir Al-Momineen (asws) said: ‘What is this order which he had ordered you with, then prevented you before he greeted?’ He said, ‘He had ordered me with the striking of your (asws) neck. But rather, he had ordered me (to do it) after the greeting’. So he (asws) said: ‘Or you would have done it?’ So he said, ‘Yes, by Allah (azwj)! Had he not prevented me, I would have done it’. The Imam (asws) said: ‘So Amir Al-Momineen (asws) stood up, seized the clothes of Khalid, then hit him at the wall, and said to Umar; ‘O son of Zahaak! By Allah (azwj)! Had I (asws) not taken an oath from Rasool-Allah (saww), and had the Book of Allah (azwj) not been in front of me (asws), you would have known where the weaker armies and the fewer numbers are’.