129. The reason due to which Fatima Al-Zahra (asws) was named as ‘Al Zahra’

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن معقل القرمسينى، عن محمد بن زيد الجزرى، عن ابراهيم بن اسحاق النهاوندي، عن عبد الله بن حماد، عن عمرو بن شمر، عن جابر، عن أبى عبد الله " ع " قال: قلت له لم سميت فاطمة الزهراء زهراء؟ فقال لان الله عزوجل خلقها من نور عظمته فلما أشرقت أضاءت السموات والارض بنورها وغشيت أبصار الملائكة وخرت الملائكة ساجدين وقالوا: إلهنا وسيدنا ما لهذا النور فأوحى الله إليهم هذا نور من نوري اسكنته في سمائي خلقته من عظمتي أخرجه من صلب نبي من أنبيائي أفضله على جميع الانبياء وأخرج من ذلك النور أئمة يقومون بامري يهدون إلى حقي واجعلهم خلفائي في أرضى بعد انقضاء وحيى.


1. My father said, ‘Muhammad Bin Ma’aqal Al Qarmasayni narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Zayd Al Jazry, from Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Nahawandy, from Abdullah Bin Hamaad, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.), said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Why was Fatima Al-Zahra (a.s.) named as ‘Fatima’?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Created her (a.s.) from a Light of His (azwj) Magnificence. So when she (a.s.) shone, the skies and the earth were illuminated by her (a.s.) Light, and the visions of the Angels were overwhelmed, and the Angels fell down Prostrating, and they said: ‘Our God (azwj) and our Master! What is this Light due to?’ So Allah (azwj) Revealed unto them: “This is a Light from My (azwj) Light. I (azwj) Settled it in My (azwj) sky. I (azwj) Created it from My (azwj) Magnificence, and will be Extracting from it from the sulb of a Prophet (saww) from My (azwj) Prophets (who (saww) would be) higher than the entirety of the Prophets (as), and would be Extracting from that Light, the Imams (a.s.) who would be standing with My (azwj) Commands, Guiding to My (azwj) Truth, and I (azwj) would Make them (a.s.) to be My (azwj) Caliphs, in My (azwj) earth, after the expiration of My (azwj) Revelation”.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثني جعفر بن سهل الصيقل، عن محمد بن اسماعيل الدارمي عمن حدثه، عن محمد بن جعفر الهرمرانى عن أبان بن تغلب قال: قلت لابي عبد الله " ع " يابن رسول الله لم سميت الزهراء عليها السلام زهراء؟ فقال: لانها تزهر لامير المؤمنين " ع " في النهار ثلاث مرات بالنور، كان يزهر، نور وجهها صلاة الغداة والناس في فرشهم فيدخل بياض ذلك النور إلى حجراتهم بالمدينة فتبيض حيطانهم فيعجبون من ذلك فيأتون النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فيسألونه عما رأوا فيرسلهم إلى منزل فاطمة عليها السلام فيأتون منزلها فيرونها قاعدة في محرابها تصلي والنور يسطع من محرابها من وجهها فيعلمون ان الذي رأوه كان من نور فاطمة، فإذا نصف النهار وترتبت للصلاة زهر وجهها " ع " بالصفرة فتدخل الصفرة حجرات الناس فتصفر ثيابهم وألوانهم فيأتون النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فيسألونه، عما رأوا فيرسلهم إلى منزل فاطمة عليها السلام فيرونها قايمة في محرابها وقد زهر نور وجهها عليها السلام بالصفرة فيعلمون ان الذي رأوا كان من نور وجهها فإذا كان آخر النهار وغربت الشمس احمر وجه فاطمة عليها السلام فاشرق وجهها بالحمرة فرحا وشكرا لله عزوجل فكان يدخل حمرة وجهها حجرات القوم وتحمر حيطانهم فيعجبون من ذلك ويأتون النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ويسألونه عن ذلك فيرسلهما الى منزل فاطمة فيرونها جالسة تسبح الله وتمجده ونور وجهها يزهر بالحمرة فيعلمون ان الذي رأوا كان من نور وجه فاطمة عليها السلام فلم يزل ذلك النور في وجهها حتى ولد الحسين " ع " فهو يتقلب في وجوهنا إلى يوم القيامة في الائمة منا أهل البيت إمام بعد إمام.


2. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ja’far Bin Sahl Al Sayqal, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Darami, from the one who narrated it, from Muhammad Bin Ja’far Al Harmany, from Aban Bin Taghlub who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! Why was Al-Zahra (a.s.) named as ‘Al-Zahra’?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because she (a.s.) glowed with the Light, for Amir Al Momineen (a.s.), three times during the day. Her (a.s.) face glowed at the time of the Dawn Prayer, and the people would in their beds, so that whiteness of that Light would enter into their chambers at Al-Medina, and enlighten their walls. So they would be astounded from that, and they would come to the Prophet (saww) to ask him (saww) about what they had observed, and he (a.s.) would send them to the House of Fatima (a.s.). So they would come to her (a.s.) house, and they would see her (a.s.) seated in her (a.s.) Prayer Niche, Praying, and the Light shining from her (a.s.) Prayer Niche, from her (a.s.) face. So they would come to know that, that which they saw was from the Light of Fatima (a.s.). So when it would be the middle of the day, and she (a.s.) would make arrangements for the Prayer, her (a.s.) face would glow with the yellow (Light). So the yellowness would enter into the chambers of the people, so their clothes and their colours would turn yellow. So they would come to the Prophet (saww) to ask him (saww) about what they had observed. So he (saww) would send them to the house of Fatima (a.s.). So they would see her (a.s.) standing in her (a.s.) Prayer Niche, and Light glowing from her (a.s.) face, with the yellowness. So they would know that, that which they saw was from the Light of her (a.s.) face’. So when it would be the end of the day, and the sun would set, the face of Fatima (a.s.) would turn red. So her (a.s.) face would shine with the redness in happiness and gratitude for Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So the redness from her (a.s.) face would enter into the chamber of the people and turn their walls red. So they would be astounded from that, and they would come to the Prophet (saww) and ask him (saww) about that. So he (saww) would send them to the House of Fatima (a.s.), and they would see her (a.s.) to be seated, Glorifying Allah (azwj), and Extolling Him (azwj), and the Light from her (a.s.) face glowing with the redness. So they would know that, that which they saw, was from the Light of the face of Fatima (a.s.). Thus, that Light did not cease to be in her (a.s.) face until she (a.s.) was Blessed with Al-Husayn (a.s.). So, it has been transferred into our (a.s.) faces until the Day of Judgement, in the Imams (a.s.) from us (a.s.), the People (a.s.) of the Household’.




حدثنا محمد بن ابراهيم بن اسحاق رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا عبد العزيز ابن يحيى الجلودي قال: حدثنا محمد بن زكريا الجوهري، عن جعفر بن محمد بن عمارة عن أبيه قال: سألت أبا عبد الله " ع " عن فاطمة لم سميت الزهراء؟ فقال لانها كانت إذا قامت في محرابها زهر نورها لاهل السماء كما تزهر نور الكواكب لاهل الارض.


3. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq narrated to us, from Abdul Aziz Ibn Yahya Al Jaloudy, from Muhammad Bin Zakariyya Al Jowhary, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Amara, from his father who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Syeda Fatima (a.s.), ‘Why was she (a.s.) named as ‘Al-Zahra’?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because whenever she (a.s.) stood in her (a.s.) Prayer Niche, her (a.s.) Light glowed upon the inhabitants of the sky, just as the stars flow upon the inhabitants of the earth’.