125. The reason due to which Amir Al-Momineen (asws) did not carry Rasool-Allah (saww) upon his (asws) shoulders, when he (saww) intended to bring down the idols from the roof of the Kaaba

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حدثنا أبو علي احمد بن يحيى المكتب قال حدثنا احمد بن محمد الوراق قال حدثنا بشر بن سعيد بن قلبويه المعدل بالرافقه قال حدثنا عبد الجبار بن كثير التميمي اليماني قال سمعت محمد بن حرب الهلالي أمير المدينة يقول: سألت جعفر بن محمد " ع " فقلت له يابن رسول الله في نفسي مسألة أريد ان اسألك عنها فقال: ان شئت أخبرتك بمسألتك قبل أن تسألني وان شئت فسل، قال: قلت له يابن رسول الله وبأي شئ تعرف ما في نفسي قبل سؤالي؟ فقال بالتوسم والتفرس أما سمعت قول الله عزوجل (ان في ذلك لآيات للمتوسمين) وقول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اتقوا فراسة المؤمن فإنه ينظر بنور الله، قال: فقلت له يابن رسول الله فاخبرني بمسألتي قال: أردت ان تسألني عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لم لم يطق حمله علي " ع " عند حط الاصنام من سطح الكعبة مع قوته وشدته وما ظهر منه في قلع باب القموص بخيبر والرمي به إلى ورائه اربعين ذراعا وكان لا يطيق حمله اربعون رجلا وقد كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يركب الناقة والفرس والحمار، وركب البراق ليلة المعراج وكل ذلك دون علي في القوة والشدة، قال: فقلت له عن هذا والله اردت ان اسألك يابن رسول الله فاخبرني فقال: ان عليا عليه السلام برسول الله تشرف وبه ارتفع وبه وصل إلى ان اطفأ نار الشرك وابطل كل معبود من دون الله عزوجل ولو علاه النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لحط الاصنام لكان عليه السلام بعلي مرتفعا وتشريفا وواصلا إلى حط الاصنام ولو كان ذلك كذلك لكان أفضل منه ألا ترى ان عليا عليه السلام قال: لما علوت ظهر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله شرفت وارتفعت حتى لو شئت ان انال السماء لنلتها أما علمت ان المصباح هو الذي يهتدى به في الظلمة وانبعاث فرعه من أصله، وقد قال علي عليه السلام أنا من احمد كالضوء من الضوء، أما علمت ان محمدا وعليا صلوات الله عليهما كانا نورا بين يدي الله عزوجل قبل خلق الخلق بألفي عام وان الملائكة لما رأت ذلك النور رأت له اصلا قد تشعب منه شعاع لامع فقالت: إلهنا وسيدنا ماهذا النور؟ فأوحى الله تبارك وتعالى إليهم هذا نور من نوري أصله نبوة وفرعه إمامة، أما النبوة فلمحمد عبدي ورسولي واما الامامة فلعلي حجتي ووليى ولولاهما ما خلقت خلقي، اما علمت ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله رفع يد علي " ع " بغدير خم حتى نظر الناس إلى بياض إبطيهما فجعله مولى المسلمين وإمامهم وقد احتمل الحسن والحسين عليهما السلام يوم حظيرة بني النجار فلما قال له بعض أصحابه ناولني احدهما يارسول الله قال: نعم الراكبان وابوهما خير منهما، وانه صلى الله عليه وآله كان يصلي باصحابه فاطال سجدة من سجداته فلما سلم قيل له يارسول الله لقد اطلت هذه السجدة فقال صلى الله عليه وآله ان ابني ارتحلني فكرهت ان اعاجله حتي ينزل، وإنما أراد بذلك صلى الله عليه وآله رفعهم وتشريفهم فالنبي صلى الله عليه وآله إمام ونبي وعلي " ع " إمام ليس بنبي ولا رسول فهو غير مطيق لحمل اثقال النبوة. قال محمد بن حرب الهلالي: فقلت له زدنى يابن رسول الله فقال إنك لاهل للزيادة ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حمل عليا عليه السلام على ظهره يريد بذلك أنه أبو ولده وإمام الائمة من صلبه كما حول ردائه في صلاة الاستسقاء واراد ان يعلم أصحابه بذلك انه قد تحول الجدب خصبا، قال: قلت له زدنى يابن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: احتمل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عليا " ع " يريد بذلك ان يعلم قومه انه هو الذي يخفف عن ظهر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ما عليه من الدين والعدات والاداء عنه من بعده، قال: فقلت له يابن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله زدني فقال: احتمله ليعلم بذلك انه قد احتمله وما حمل إلا لانه معصوم لا يحمل وزرا فتكون افعاله عند الناس حكمة وصوابا وقد قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لعلي يا علي ان الله تبارك وتعالى حملني ذنوب شيعتك ثم غفرها لي وذلك قوله تعالى (ليغفر لك ما تقدم من ذنبك وما تأخر) ولما أنزل الله عزوجل إذا اهتديتم وعلي نفسي وأخى اطيعوا عليا فإنه مطهر معصوم لا يضل ولا يشقى ثم تلا هذه الآية: (قل أطيعو الله واطيعوا الرسول فإن تولوا فإنما عليه ما حمل وعليكم ما حملتم وان تطيعوه تهتدوا وما على الرسول إلا البلاغ المبين). قال محمد بن حرب الهلالي: ثم قال جعفر بن محمد " ع " أيها الامير لو اخبرتك بما في حمل النبي صلى الله عليه وآله عليا عند حط الاصنام من سطح الكعبة من المعاني التي أرادها به لقلت ان جعفر بن محمد لمجنون فحسبك من ذلك ما قد سمعت فقمت إليه وقبلت رأسه وقلت الله أعلم حيث يجعل رسالته.


1. Abu Ali Ahmad Bin Yahya Al Maktab narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Waraq, from Bishr Bin Saeed Bin Qalbawayh, the revisionist at Rafaqa, from Abdul Jabbar Bin Kaseer Al Tameemi who said, ‘I heard Muhammad Bin Al Hilali, the Emir of Al Medina saying, ‘I asked Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! I have within myself, a certain question which I want to ask you about’. So he (a.s.) said; ‘If you like I (a.s.) would inform you of your questions before you even ask me (a.s.) , and if you so like, then ask’. I said, ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! And by which thing do you (a.s.) recognise what is within myself before I even ask you (a.s.) ?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘By expectation and insight. Have you not heard the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [15:75] Surely in this are signs for those who examine, and the words of Rasool-Allah (saww): ‘Fear the insight of a Believer for he looks by the Light of Allah (azwj)?’ I said, ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww), so inform me regarding my questions’. He (a.s.) said: ‘You intend to ask me about Rasool-Allah (saww) as to why did he (saww) carry Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) to bring down the idols from the surface of the Kabah, when he (a.s.) had the strength and the intensity which he (a.s.) displayed when he (a.s.) ripped off the door of the fort of Khaybar and threw it behind him to a distance of forty cubits, and it was not being carried by forty men, and Rasool-Allah (saww) had ridden upon the camel, and the horse, and the mule, and rode upon Al-Buraaq on the night of the Ascension (المعراج), and all that was lower than Ali (a.s.) in strength and intensity?’ I said, ‘By Allah (azwj), this is what I intended to ask you (a.s.), O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww), so inform me’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘Ali (a.s.) had nobility with Rasool-Allah (saww), and by it he (a.s.) was raised to extinguish the fire of Polytheism, and invalidate every worshipped one besides Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. And had the Prophet (saww) been raised for the bringing down of the idols, it would have been by Ali (a.s.) that he (saww) would have been raised, and been ennobled, and arrived to the bringing down of the idols. And that was like that, he (a.s.) would have been higher than him (saww). Have you not seen that Ali (a.s.) said: ‘When I (a.s.) was raised upon the shoulders of Rasool-Allah (saww), I (a.s.) was ennobled and raised to the extent that if I (a.s.) had so desire to, I (a.s.) would have touched the sky. But, do you know that the Lantern it which guides in the darkness, and its emission is a branch of the original source. And Ali (a.s.) said: ‘I (a.s.) am from Ahmad (saww) like the Illumination is from the illumination’. But, do you know that Muhammad (saww) and Ali (a.s.) were two Lights in front of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic before the Creation of the creatures, by two thousand years, and that the Angels, when they saw that Light, saw it as original from which was radiating a blinding radiance, so they said: ‘Our Allah (azwj), and our Master (azwj)! What is this Light?’ So Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Revealed unto them: “This is a Light from My (azwj) Light. Its root is Prophet-hood and its branch is Imamate. As for the Prophet-hood, so it is for Muhammad (saww), My (azwj) servant, and My (azwj) Rasool (saww). And as for the Imamate, so it is for Ali (a.s.), My (azwj) Proof, and My (azwj) Guardian. And had it not been for these two (a.s.), I (azwj) would not have Created My (azwj) creation”. But do you know that Rasool-Allah (saww) raised the hand of Ali (a.s.) at Ghadeer Khumm, to the extent that the people looked at the whiteness of his (a.s.) two arms. So he (a.s.) was made to be a Master of the Muslims and their Imam (a.s.). And he (saww) had carried Al-Hassan (a.s.) and Al-Husayn (a.s.) on the day of Hazeera of the Clan of Najjar. So when one of his (saww) companions said, ‘Let me carry one (a.s.) of them (a.s.), O Rasool-Allah (saww)’, he (saww) said: ‘These two (a.s.) are the best of the riders and the father (a.s.) of these two (a.s.) is better than these two (a.s.)’. And he (saww) was Praying with his (as) companions, so he (saww) prolonged a Prostration from his (saww) Prostrations. So when he (saww) greeted (at the end of the Prayers), it was said to him (as), ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! You (saww) have prolonged this Prostration’. So he (saww) said: ‘My (saww) two son (a.s.) were riding upon me (saww), so I (saww) disliked that I (a.s.) should hasten them (a.s.), until they (a.s.) descended (by themselves)’. But rather, what he (saww) intended by that was to raise them (a.s.), and their (a.s.) nobility. So the Prophet (saww) was an Imam (a.s.) and a Prophet (saww), and Ali (a.s.) was an Imam (a.s.) and neither a Prophet (as) nor a Rasool (as). Muhammad Bin Harb Al-Hilaly said, ‘So I said to him (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! Increase it for me’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘You are indeed deserving of the increase’. Rasool-Allah (saww) carried Ali (a.s.) upon his (saww) shoulders, intending by that, that he (a.s.) was the father (a.s.) of his (saww) (grand) sons, and an Imam (a.s.) from the Imams (a.s.) from his (a.s.) back, just as overturning of his (saww) cloak during the Prayer of Al-Istiqsa’a (the rain), it is intended by that it be known by his (saww) companions, that he (saww) had overturned the famine’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Increase it for me, O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) carried Ali (a.s.), intending by that to let his (saww) people know that he (a.s.) would lighten from the shoulders of Rasool-Allah (saww), what is upon him (saww) from the debts and the fulfilment of the promised made, from after him (saww)’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww), Increase it for me’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘He (saww) carried him (a.s.), to it would be known by that he (saww) has carried him (a.s.), and has not carried except that he (a.s.) was Infallible (sinless), and he (saww) has not carried a burden, so that his (a.s.) action would become one of wisdom, and correct. And the Prophet (saww) had said to Ali (a.s.): ‘O Ali (a.s.)! Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Loaded me (saww) with the sins of your (a.s.) Shiah, then Forgave them for me (saww), and these are the Words of the High [48:2] That Allah may Forgive you what has preceded from your sins and what is to follow. And when Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed [5:105] when you are on the right way, and Ali (a.s.) is my (saww) own self, and my (saww) brother. Obey Ali (a.s.), for he (a.s.) is Purified, Infallible, does not stray nor has he (a.s.) a parallel’. Then he (saww) recited this Verse [24:54] Say: Obey Allah and obey the Rasool; but if you turn back, then on him rests that which is imposed on him and on you rests that which is imposed on you; and if you obey him, you are on the right way; and nothing rests on the Rasool except for the clear delivery’. Muhammad Bin Harb Al-Hilaly said, ‘Then Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) said: ‘O you Emir! If I (a.s.) were to inform you with what (all) the intended meanings were with regards to the Prophet (saww) carrying Ali (a.s.) during the bringing down of the idols from the roof of the Kaaba, you would say that Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) is insane. Therefore, let it suffice, what you have heard’. So he stood up and kissed his (a.s.) forehead and said, [6:124] Allah Knows best where He Places His Message’.