119. The reason due to which Ali (asws) inherited from Rasool-Allah (saww) among others

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حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن اسحاق الطالقاني رحمه الله قال: حدثني عبد العزيز بن يحيى الجلودي بالبصرة قال حدثنا محمد بن زكريا قال حدثنا عبد الواحد ابن غياث قال: حدثنا أبو عباية، عن عمرو بن المغيرة، عن ابى صادق، عن ربيعة ابن ناجد، ان رجلا قال لعلي عليه السلام يا أمير المؤمنين بما ورثت ابن عمك دون عمك؟ فقال: يا معشر الناس، فافتحوا آذانكم واستمعوا. فقال عليه السلام جمعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بني عبد المطلب في بيت رجل منا أوقال: اكبرنا. فدعا بمد ونصف من طعام وقدح له يقال له الغمر فاكلنا وشربنا وبقى الطعام كما هو والشراب كما هو وفينا من ياكل الجذعة ويشرب الفرق فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ان قد ترون هذه فايكم يبايعني على انه اخي ووارثى ووصيي؟ فقمت إليه وكنت اصغر القوم وقلت أنا، قال اجلس، ثم قال ذلك ثلاث مرات، كل ذلك اقوم إليه فيقول: اجلس، حتى كان في الثالثة: فضرب بيده على يدي فبذلك ورثت ابن عمي دون عمي.


1. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Talaqany narrated to us, from Abdul Aziz Bin Yahya Al Jaloudy at Al Basra, from Muhammad Bin Zakariyya, from Abdul Wahid Ibn Gayas, Abu Abaya, from Amro Bin Al Mugheira, from Abu Sadiq, from Rabi’e Ibn Najad that, ‘A man said to Ali (asws), ‘O Amir Al-Momineen (asws)! By what reason did you (asws) inherit your (asws) cousin (saww), besides your (asws) uncle?’ So he (asws) said: ‘O group of people! Unblock your ears and listen carefully!’ So he (asws) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) gathered us, the Clan of Abd Al-Muttalib (as), in a house of a man from us’ – or said: ‘An elderly one of us’. So he (saww) called for a Mudd and a half of food in a bowl of his (saww) called Al-Ghamr. So we ate and drank, and the food still remained as it was before, and the drink remained just as it was before, and among us were ones who used to eat a whole animal, and drink a pail (bucket) of water. So, Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Have you been seeing this? So which one of you would pledge his allegiance to me (saww) upon that he would be my (saww) brother, and my (saww) inheritor, and my (saww) successor?’ So I (asws) stood up, and I (asws) was the smallest (in age) of the people, and I (asws) said: ‘I (asws) will!’ He (saww) said: ‘Be seated!’ Then he (saww) said that three times, and for each of that, I (asws) stood up, he (saww) was saying: ‘Be seated!’, to the extent that during the third (time), he (saww) struck his (saww) hand upon my (asws) hand. Thus, by that, I (asws) inherited from my (asws) uncle (saww) among my uncle (Al Abbas)’.




وعنه قال: حدثنا عبد العزيز قال: حدثنا المغيرة بن محمد قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن محمد بن عبد الرحمان الازدي قال: حدثنا قيس بن الربيع وشريك بن عبد الله بن الاعمش، عن المنهال بن عمرو، عن عبد الله بن الحارث بن نوفل، عن علي بن ابى طالب " ع " قال: لما نزلت (وانذر عشيرتك الاقربين ورهطك المخلصين) دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بنى عبد المطلب وهم إذ ذاك اربعون رجلا يزيدون رجلا أو ينقصون رجلا فقال أيكم يكون اخي ووصيي ووارثى ووزيري وخليفتي فيكم بعدي؟ فعرض ذلك عليهم رجلا رجلا، كلهم يأبى ذلك، حتى أتي علي، فقلت: أنا، يا رسول الله. فقال: يا بني عبد المطلب، هذا أخي و وارثي، و وزيري، و خليفتي فيكم بعدي. فقام القوم يضحك بعضهم إلى بعض، و يقولون لأبي طالب: قد أمرك أن تسمع و تطيع لهذا الغلام!».


2. And from him who said, ‘Abdul Aziz narrated to us, from Al Mugheira Bin Muhammad, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin Abdul Rahman Al Azdy, from Qays Bin Al Rabi’e and Shareek Bin Abdullah Bin Al Amsh, from Al Minhal Bin Amro, from Abdullah Bin Al Haris Bin Nowfal, (It has been narrated) from Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) having said: ‘When the Verse [26:214] And warn your nearest relations and your group of sincere ones, was Revealed, Rasool-Allah (saww) invited the Clan of Abdul Muttalib (as), and they were forty men, one more or one less. So he (saww) said: ‘Which one of you would like to become my (saww) brother, and my (saww) inheritor, and my (saww) Vizier, and my (saww) successor, and my (saww) Caliph among you all, after me (saww)?’ So, he (aww) presented that to man by man. All of them refused that, until it came to me (asws), so I (asws) said: ‘Me (asws)! O Rasool-Allah (saww)!’ So he (saww) said: ‘O Clan of Abdul Muttalib (as)! This is my (saww) brother, and my (saww) inheritor, and my (saww) Vizier, and my (saww) Caliph among you all after me (saww)’. So the people arose laughing with each other, and they were saying to Abu Talib (as), ‘He (saww) has ordered you (as) that you (as) should listen and be obedient to this boy (of yours (as))!’