117. The reason due to which Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) became the Distributor of Allah (azwj) between the Paradise and the Fire

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حدثنا احمد بن الحسن القطان قال: حدثنا احمد بن يحيى بن زكريا أبو العباس القطان قال: حدثنا محمد بن اسماعيل البرمكي قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن داهر قال: حدثنا أبى، عن محمد بن سنان عن المفضل بن عمر قال: قلت لابي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد الصادق " ع " لم صار أمير المؤمنين علي بن أبى طالب قسيم الجنة والنار؟ قال: لان حبه إيمان وبغضه كفر، وإنما خلقت الجنة لاهل الايمان، وخلقت النار لاهل الكفر، فهو عليه السلام قسيم الجنة والنار، لهذه العلة فالجنة لا يدخلها إلا أهل محبته، والنار لا يدخلها إلا أهل بغضه. قال المفضل: فقلت يابن رسول الله فالانبياء والاوصياء عليهم السلام كانوا يحبونه واعدائهم كانوا يبغضونه؟ قال نعم قلت فكيف ذلك؟ قال: أما علمت ان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قال يوم خيبر: لاعطين الراية غدا رجلا يحب الله ورسوله ويحبه الله ورسوله ما يرجع حتى يفتح الله على يديه، فدفع الراية إلى علي عليه السلام ففتح الله تعالى على يديه. قلت بلى، قال: أما علمت ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لما أتى بالطائر المشوي قال صلى الله عليه وآله اللهم إئتني بأحب خلقك اليك وإلي يأكل معي من هذا الطائر - وعنى به عليا " ع " - قلت بلى، قال فهل يجوز أن لا يحب انبياء الله ورسله واوصيائهم عليهم السلام رجلا يحبه الله ورسوله ويحب الله ورسوله. فقلت له لا، قال: فهل يجوز ان يكون المؤمنون من اممهم لا يحبون حبيب الله وحبيب رسوله، وانبيائه عليهم السلام؟ قلت لا، قال: فقد ثبت ان اعدائهم والمخالفين لهم كانوا لهم ولجميع أهل محبتهم مبغضين، قلت نعم، قال: فلا يدخل الجنة إلامن أحبه من الاولين والآخرين ولا يدخل النار إلا من أبغضه من الاولين والآخرين فهو إذن قسيم الجنة والنار. قال المفضل بن عمر: فقلت له يابن رسول الله فرجت عني فرج الله عنك فزدني مما علمك الله، قال: سل يا مفضل فقلت له يابن رسول الله فعلي بن أبى طالب عليه السلام يدخل محبه الجنة ومبغضه النار؟ أو رضوان ومالك؟ فقال يا مفضل أما علمت ان الله تبارك وتعالى بعث رسول صلى الله عليه وآله وهو روح إلى الانبياء عليهم السلام، وهم أرواح قبل خلق الخلق بالفي عام، قال: أما علمت انه دعاهم إلى توحيد الله وطاعته واتباع أمره ووعدهم الجنة على ذلك واوعد من خالف ما اجابوا إليه وانكره النار قلت بلى قال: أفليس النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ضامنا لما وعد واوعد عن ربه عزوجل، قلت بلى قال: أو ليس علي بن ابى طالب خليفته وإمام امته؟ قلت بلى، قال: اوليس رضوان وملك من جملة الملائكة والمستغفرين لشيعته الناجين بمحبته؟ قلت بلى، قال: فعلي ابن ابى طالب إذن قسيم الجنة والنار عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ورضوان ومالك صادران عن أمره بامر الله تبارك وتعالى، يا مفضل خذ هذا فإنه من مخزون العلم ومكنونه لا تخرجه إلا إلى أهله.


1. Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qatan narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Zakariyya Abu Al Abbas Al Qatan, from Muhammad Bin Isamil Al Barmakky, from Abdullah Bin Dahar, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad Al-Sadiq (a.s.), ‘Why did Amir Al-Momineen Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) come to be Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because, love for him (a.s.) is faith, and hate for him (a.s.) is Disbelief. But rather, the Pardise was Created for the people of the Eman (faith), and the Fire was Created for the people of the disbelief. Therefore, he (a.s.) is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire, due to this reason. So the Paradise, none shall enter it except for the people who love him (a.s.), and the Fire, none shall enter it except for the people who hate him (a.s.)’. Al-Mufazzal narrates, ‘So I said, ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So the Prophets (as), and the successors (as) used to love him (a.s.), and their (as) enemies used to hate him (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Yes’. I said, ‘So how can that be?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘But do you not know that the Prophet (saww) said on the Day of Khyber: ‘I (saww) shall be giving the flag tomorrow to a man who loves Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Rasool (saww), and Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Rasool (saww) love him (a.s.). He (a.s.) would not return Allah (azwj) Grants him (a.s.) victory by his (a.s.) hands’? So he (saww) handed over the flag to Ali (a.s.). Thus Allah (azwj) Granted victory by his (a.s.) hands’. I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘But, do you know that when Rasool-Allah (saww) was brought a grilled chicken, he (saww) said: ‘O Allah (azwj)! Get the one most Beloved to You (azwj) and to me (saww) to come and eat with me (saww), from this bird’ – and he (saww) meant Ali (a.s.) by it?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So is it Permissible that the Prophets (as) of Allah (azwj), and their (as) successors (as) did not love a man who is Loved by Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Rasool (saww), and he (a.s.) loved Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Rasool (saww)?’ So I said to him (a.s.), ‘No’. So is it Permissible that the Believers who happened to be in their (as) communities were not loving the Beloved one of Allah (azwj), and a beloved one of His (azwj) Rasools (as), and the His (azwj) Prophets (as)?’ I said, ‘No’. He (a.s.) said: ‘It has thus been proved that their (as) enemies and the adversaries, it would be that for them, and for the entirety of those that loved them (as), and the hateful ones’. I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Therefore, none shall enter the Paradise except the one who loves him (a.s.), from the former ones and the later ones; and none shall enter the Fire except the one who hates him (a.s.), from the former ones and the later ones. Thus, then, he (a.s.) is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire’. Al-Mufazzal Ibn Umar said, ‘So I said to him (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! Relieve from me (the understanding of matters), may Allah (azwj) Relieve you (a.s.)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Ask, O Mufazzal!’ So I said to him (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So Ali (a.s.) would be entering those that love him (a.s.) into the Paradise, and those that hate him (a.s.) into the Fire? Or would it be Rizwaan and Maalik (the two Keepers)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘O Mufazzal! But, know that Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Sent Rasool (saww) to the Prophets (as), and he (saww) was a spirit, and they (as) were spirits, before the Creation of the creation by two thousand years. But know, that he (saww) called them (as) to the Oneness of Allah (azwj), and being obedient to Him (azwj), and the following of His (azwj) Commands, and promised them (as) the Paradise upon that, and promised the ones who opposed and did not respond to them (as), and rejected them (as), (promised) the Fire’. I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So, is not the Prophet (saww) therefore responsible, when he (saww) promised and promise on behalf of his (saww) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Or is not Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) his (saww) Caliph and an Imam (a.s.) of his (saww) community?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Or are not Rizwan and Maalik (the two Keepers), from the totality of the Angels, and the seekers of Forgiveness for his (a.s.) Shiah, the salvaged ones due to his (a.s.) love?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Therefore Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire, from Rasool-Allah (saww), and Rizwan and Maalik (the two Keepers) are the implementers of his (a.s.) orders by the Command of Allah (azwj) Blessed and High. O Mufazzal! Take this, for it is from the treasured knowledge, and conceal it. Do not bring it out (to anyone) except to the one who is deserving of it’.




ابى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى وعبد الله بن عامر بن سعيد، عن محمد بن سنان عن المفضل بن عمر عن ابى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال أمير المؤمنين " ع " أنا قسيم الله بين الجنة والنار، وانا الفاروق الاكبر وانا صاحب العصا والميسم.


2. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, and Abdullah Bin Aamir Bin Saeed, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) said: ‘I (a.s.) am the Distributor of Allah (azwj) between the Paradise and the Fire, and I (a.s.) am the Great Differentiator, and I (a.s.) am the owner of the staff and the branding (‘He is a Believer and he is an Infidel’)’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسين بن ابى الخطاب، عن موسى بن سعدان عن عبد الله بن القاسم الحضرمي، عن سماعة بن مهران قال: قال أبو عبد الله " ع " إذا كان يوم القيامة وضع منبر يراه جميع الخلايق يقف عليه رجل يقوم ملك عن يمينه وملك عن يساره فينادي الذي عن يمينه يقول: يا معشر الخلايق هذا علي بن ابى طالب صاحب الجنة يدخل الجنة من شاء، وينادي الذي عن يساره يا معشر الخلايق هذا على بن ابى طالب صاحب النار يدخلها من شاء.


3. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Khataab, from Musa Bin Sa’dan, from Abdullah Bin Al Qasim Al Hazramy, from Sama’at Bin Mahran who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘When it will be the Day of Judgement, a Pulpit would be placed which the entirety of the creatures would see. A man would stand upon it, and an Angel would stand on the right of it, and an Angel would stand upon its left. So the one upon the right of it would call out: ‘O group of creatures! This is Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.), Owner of the Paradise, and he (a.s.) would be entering into the Paradise whoever he (a.s.) so desires to!’ And the one on the left of it would call out: ‘O group of creatures! This is Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.), Owner of the Fire, and he (a.s.) would be entering into the Paradise whoever he (a.s.) so desires to!’




ابى رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا إبراهيم ابن محمد الثقفي قال: حدثنا محمد بن داود الدينوري قال: حدثنا منذر الشعرانى قال حدثنا سعد بن زيد قال حدثنا أبو قبيل، عن ابى الجارود رفعه إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قال: ان حلقة باب الجنة من ياقوتة حمراء على صفائح الذهب فإذا دقت الحلقة على الصفيحة طنت وقالت: يا علي:


4. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ibrahim Ibn Muhammad Al Saqafy, from Muhammad Bin Dawood Al Daynouri, from Manzar Al sha’rany, from Sa’ad Bin Zayd, from Abu Qabeel, from Abu Al Jaroud, (It has been narrated) raising it to the Prophet (saww) having said: ‘The door of the Paradise has been Created from red rubies upon gold plates. So when its ring (knob) is knocked upon the plates, it rings and says: ‘O Ali (a.s.)! (يا علي)’.




ابى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد ابن عيسى عن العباس بن معروف، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة الخزاز، عن أبى حفص العبدي عن ابى هارون العبدي عن ابى سعيد الخدري قال: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله يقول إذا سألتم الله لي فاسألوه الوسيلة، فسألنا النبي صلى الله عليه وآله عن الوسيلة فقال: هي درجتي في الجنة، وهى الف مرقاة بين المرقاة إلى المرقاة حضر الفرس، فرس الجواد شهرا، وهى مابين مرقاة جوهر إلى مرقاة زبرجد إلى مرقاة ياقوت إلى مرقاة ذهب إلى مرقاة فضة فيؤتى بها يوم القيامة حتى تنصب مع درجة النبيين فهي في درج النبيين كالقمر بين الكواكب فلا يبقى يومئذ نبي ولا صديق ولا شهيد إلا قال: طوبى لمن كانت هذه الدرجة درجته، فينادى مناد يسمع النداء جميع النبيين والصديقين والشهداء والمؤمنين هذه درجة محمد. قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فأقبل أنا يومئذ متزرا بريطة من نور على تاج الملك، واكليل الكرامة والملائكة الكرام وعلي بن ابى طالب أمامى ولوائي بيده وهو لواء الحمد مكتوب عليه: (لا إله إلا الله المفلحون هم الفائزون بالله) فإذا مررنا بالنبيين قالوا ملكين مقربين، وإذا مررنا بالملائكة قالوا هذان ملكان ولم نعرفهما ولم نرهما، وإذا مررنا بالمؤمنين قالوا هذان نبيان مرسلان حتى أعلو الدرجة وعلي يتبعني حتى إذا صرف في أعلا درجة منها وعلي أسفل مني بدرجة وبيده لوائى فلا يبقى يومئذ نبي ولا وصى ولا مؤمن إلا رفعوا رؤوسهم إلى يقولون طوبى لهذين العبدين ما اكرمهما على الله تعالى فيأتى النداء من عند الله تعالى يسمع النبيون وجميع الخلق: هذا حبيبي محمد وهذا وليي علي طوبى لمن أحبه وويل لمن ابغضه وكذب عليه، قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لعلي عليه السلام يا علي فلا يبقى يومئذ في مشهد القيامة احد يحبك إلا استروح إلى هذا الكلام وابيض وجهه وفرح قلبه ولا يبقى احد ممن عاداك أو نصب لك حربا أو جحد لك حقا إلا أسود وجهه واضطربت قدماه، ثم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فبينا أنا كذلك إذا ملكان قد اقبلا إلي اما احدهما فرضوان خازن الجنة، وأما الآخر فمالك خازن النار فيدنو رضوان فيسلم علي فيقول السلام عليك يا رسول الله فارد عليه السلام، وأقول أيها الملك الطيب الريح الحسن الوجه الكريم على ربه من أنت؟ فيقول انا رضوان خازن الجنة امرني ربى آتيك بمفاتيح الجنة فادفعها اليك فخذها يا احمد فاقول قد قبلت ذلك من ربى فله الحمد على ما أنعم به علي فادفعها إلى أخي علي بن ابى طالب فيدفعها إلى علي ويرجع رضوان ثم يدنو مالك فيقول السلام عليك يا احمد فاقول السلام عليك ايها الملك ما أنكر رؤيتك وأقبح وجهك من أنت؟ فيقول: انا مالك خازن النار امرني ربى ان آتيك بمقاليد النار، فاقول قد قبلت ذلك من ربي فله الحمد على ما فضلني به، ادفعها الى أخي علي ابن أبي طالب فيدفعها إليه، ثم يرجع مالك فيقبل علي ومعه مفاتيح الجنة ومقاليد النار حتى يقف على عجزة جهنم فيأخذ زمامها بيده وقد علا زفيرها واشتد حرها وتطاير شررها فتنادي جهنم جزنى يا علي فقد أطفأ نورك لهبي فيقول لها علي: قري يا جهنم خذي هذا واتركى هذا، خذي هذا عدوي واتركى هذا وليى، فلجهنم يومئذ اشد مطاوعة لعلي من غلام احدكم لصاحبه فان شاء يذهبها يمنة، وان شاء يذهبها يسرة، ولجهنم يومئذ اشد مطاوعة لعلي فيما يأمرها به من جميع الخلايق.


5. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Ibn Isa, from Al Abbas Bin marouf, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheira Al Khazaz, from Abu Hafs Al Abady, from Abu Haroun Al Abdy, from Abu Saeed Al Khudry who said, ‘The Prophet (saww) was saying: ‘When you all supplicate to Allah (azwj) for me (saww), so ask Him (azwj) for the Means (الوسيلة)’. So we asked the Prophet (saww) about the Means. So he (saww) said: ‘It is my (saww) Level in the Paradise, and it is of a thousand stepping stones. In between a stepping stone and a stepping stone would take a racing horse a month to travel. And in between a stepping stone and another stepping stone are links of Aquamarine, to another stepping stone of Sapphire, and to a stepping stone of gold, to a stepping stone of silver. So I (saww) would be give it, on the Day of Judgement, until it is established with the Levels of the Prophets (as). So it would be among the Levels of the Prophets like the full moon is in between the stars. Thus, not a single Prophet (saww) would remain on the Day, nor a Truthful, nor a Martyr, except that he would say: ‘Congratulations to the one for whom this Level is as a Level’. So a Caller would Call out which the entirety of the Prophets (as), and the Truthful, and the Martyrs, and the Believers would hear: ‘This is the Level of Muhammad (saww)!’ Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘So I (saww) would come on that Day, wearing robes of Light and a royal crown upon me (saww), and a crown of dignity, flanked with the honourable Angels. And Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) would be in front of me (saww), and my (saww) flag would be in his (a.s.) hand, and it is the flag of Praise (لواء الحمد), upon which would be inscribed: ‘There is no god except for Allah (azwj). The successful ones are the winners with Allah (azwj)’. So the Prophets (as) would pass by us (a.s.), so they (as) would say: ‘These two are Angels of Proximity. And when the Angels pass by us (a.s.), they would say: ‘These are two Angels whom we do not recognise, nor have we seen these two before. And when the Believers pass by us (a.s.), they would say, ‘These are two Prophets (as), two Mursils (as)’, until I (saww) go a Level higher, and Ali (a.s.) would follow me (saww), and I (saww) reach the highest Level, and Ali (a.s.) being a Level lower than mine (saww), and in his (a.s.) hand would be my (saww) flag, so there would not remain on that Day, a single Prophet (as), nor a successor (as), nor a Believer, except that they would all raise their heads and would be saying: ‘Congratulations to these two servants. How prestigious are these two to Allah (azwj)’. So there would come the Call from the Presence of Allah (azwj) the High, which the Prophets and all the creatures would hear: “This is My (azwj) Beloved Muhammad (saww), and this is his (as) Guardian Ali (a.s.)! Congratulations to the one who loved him (a.s.), and woe be unto the one who hated him (a.s.) and belied against him (a.s.)”. The Prophet (saww) said to Ali (a.s.): ‘O Ali (a.s.)! So there would not remain on that Day in the spectacle of the Day of Judgement, anyone who loves you (a.s.) except that he would be cheerful upon this speech, and his face would be whitened, and his heart would be joyful. And there would not remain anyone from your (a.s.) enemies, or one who established a war against you (a.s.), or fought against you (a.s.) of your (a.s.) rights, except that his face would be blackened, and his legs would tremble’. Then Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘So during that, two Angels would come forward towards me (saww). As for one of the two, so it would be Rizwan, the Keeper of the Paradise, and as for the other, so it would be Malik, the Keeper of the Fire. So Rziwan would approach and greet me (saww), and he would be saying: ‘Peace be upon you (saww), O Rasool-Allah (saww)’. So I (saww) would greet him in return, and I (saww) would be saying: ‘O you Angel! With such aromatic fragrance and beauty of the face, prestigious to his Lord (azwj), who are you?’ So he would be saying: ‘I am Rizwan, Keeper of the Paradise. My Lord (azwj) Commands me that I should give you (saww) the keys of the Paradise, and hand these over to you (saww). So take these, O Ahmad (saww)!’ So I (saww) would say, ‘I (saww) accept that from my (saww) Lord (azwj). For Him (azwj) is the Praise upon what He (azwj) has Favoured me (saww) with. Hand over these over to my (saww) brother Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.)’. So he would hand these over to Ali (a.s.), and Rizwan would return. Then Malik would approach, so he would say: ‘Peace be upon you (saww), O Ahmad (saww)!’ So I (saww) would say: ‘And Peace be upon you, O Angel! How harsh is your appearance, and how threatening is your face, who are you?’ So he would say: ‘I am Malik, the Keeper of the Fire. My Lord (azwj) Commands me that I should come to you (saww) with the shackles of the Fire’. So I (saww) would say: ‘I have accepted that from my (saww) Lord (azwj). For Him (azwj) is the Praise upon what He (azwj) has Graced me (saww) with. Hand these over to my (saww) brother Ali (a.s.) Ibn Abu Talib (a.s.)’. So he would hand these over to him (a.s.). Then Malik would return. So Ali (a.s.) would go across, and with him (a.s.) would be the keys of the Paradise and the shackles of the Fire, until he (a.s.) pauses upon the brink of Hell. So he (a.s.) would grab its reins by his (a.s.) hand, and its exhalation would be high, and its heat would be intense, and its flames would be flying out. So Hell would call out: ‘Be far from me, for your (a.s.) Light is extinguishing my flames’. So Ali (a.s.) would be saying to it: ‘Calm down, O Hell! Take this one and leave this one. Take this enemy of mine (a.s.), and leave this friend of mine (a.s.)’. So, on that Day, hell would be more obedient to Ali (a.s.) than a slave of yours would be to his master. So if he (a.s.) so desires, it would make him go rightwards, or if he (a.s.) so desires, it would make him go leftwards. And on that Day, Hell would be more obedient to Ali (a.s.) with regards to he (a.s.) orders it with, than the entirety of the creatures’.