116. The reason due to which Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) was named as ‘Amir Al-Momineen’, and the reason due to which his (asws) sword was named as ‘Zulfiqar’, and the reason due to which Al-Qaim (asws) has been named as ‘Qaim’, and Al-Mahdi (asws) as ‘Mahdi’

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حدثنا على بن احمد بن محمد الدقاق ومحمد بن محمد بن عصام رضى الله عنهما قالا: حدثنا محمد بن يعقوب الكليني قال: حدثنا القاسم بن العلا قال حدثنا اسماعيل الفزاري قال: حدثنا محمد بن جمهور العمى، عن ابن ابى نجران عمن ذكره عن أبى حمزة ثابت بن دينار الثمالي قال: سألت ابا جعفر محمد بن علي الباقر " ع " يابن رسول الله لم سمي علي عليه السلام أمير المؤمنين وهو إسم ما سمي به احد قبله ولا يحل لاحد بعده؟ قال: لانه ميرة العلم يمتار منه ولا يمتار من احد غيره، قال فقلت يابن رسول الله فلم سمي سيفه ذاالفقار؟ فقال " ع ": لانه ما ضرب به احد من خلق الله إلا افقره من هذه الدنيا من اهله وولده وافقره في الآخرة من الجنة قال: فقلت يابن رسول الله فلستم كلكم قايمين بالحق؟ قال: بلى قلت فلم سمي القايم قائما؟ قال: لما قتل جدي الحسين عليه السلام ضجت عليه الملائكة إلى الله تعالى بالبكاء والنحيب وقالوا: إلهنا وسيدنا أتغفل عمن قتل صفوتك وابن صفوتك وخيرتك من خلقك، فأوحى الله عز وجل إليهم قروا ملائكتي فوعزتي وجلالي لانتقمن منهم ولو بعد حين، ثم كشف الله عز وجل عن الائمة من ولد الحسين " ع " للملائكة فسرت الملائكة بذلك فإذا احدهم قايم يصلى فقال الله عز وجل بذلك القائم انتقم منهم.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Daqaq and Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin Asaam both narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub Al Kulayni, from Al Qasim Bin Al A’ala, from Ismail Al Fazary, from Muhammad Bin Jamhour Al A’ama, from Ibn Abu Najran, from the one who mentioned, from Abu Hamza Sabit Bin Dinaar Al Sumaly who said, ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! Why was Ali (asws) named as ‘Amir Al-Momineen’, and it is a name which no one has been named before him (asws), and it is not permissible for anyone to be named as such after him (asws)?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because he (asws) is a ‘Meerat’ (Treasure trove) of the knowledge which is being supplied from him (asws), and it is not supplied from anyone apart from him (asws)’. He (Abu Hamza) said, ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So why was his (asws) sword named as ‘Zulfiqaar’?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Because he (asws) did not strike any one from the creatures of Allah (azwj) with it, except that he was deprived (Afqar) of this world, from his family, and his children, and deprived in the Hereafter from the Paradise’. He (Abu Hamza) said, ‘So I said, ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! Are you (asws) all not standing with the Truth?’ He (asws) said: ‘Yes’. I said, ‘So why has Al-Qaim (asws) been named as ‘Qaim’ (The one making a stand)?’ He (asws) said: ‘When my (asws) grandfather (asws) Al-Husayn (asws) was killed, the Angels were in uproar to Allah (azwj) the High with the crying and the wailing, and they said, ‘Our God (azwj), and our Master (asws)! Are You (azwj) Oblivious from the one who killed Your (azwj) elite, and son (asws) of Your (azwj) elite, and Your (azwj) Chosen one from Your (azwj) creatures?’ So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed until them: “Calm down My (azwj) Angels, for I (azwj) Swear by My (azwj) Mighty and My (azwj) Majesty that I (azwj) shall be Exacting revenge from them, even though it may be after a while”. Then Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Uncovered (the veil) from the Imams (asws) from the sons (asws) of Al-Husayn (asws) for the Angels (to see). So the Angels were in cheerfulness due to that. So there was one of them (Imams (asws)) standing, Praying. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said: “It is by that standing one (asws), I (azwj) shall be Exacting Revenge from them”.




حدثنا محمد بن محمد بن عصام الكليني قال: حدثنا محمد بن يعقوب عن علان الكليني رفعه إلى ابى عبد الله " ع " انه قال: إنما سمي سيف أمير المؤمنين ذاالفقار لانه كان في وسطه خط في طوله، فشبه بفقار الظهر فسمى ذاالفقار بذلك وكان سيفا نزل به جبرئيل " ع " من السماء، وكانت حلقته فضة، وهو الذي نادى به مناد من السماء: لا سيف إلا ذو الفقار ولافتى إلا علي.


2. Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin Asaam Al Kulayni, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Alaan Al Kulayni, (It has been narrated) raising it to Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘But rather, the sword of Amir Al-Momineen (asws) was named as ‘Zulfiqar’, be there was in the middle of it, a line written along its length, so it resembles with the backbone, thus it was named as Zulfiqar due to that. And it was a sword which Jibraeel (as) descended with from the sky, and its enclosure was of silver, and it is that which a Caller Called out with from the sky: ‘There is no sword except for Zulfiqar, and there is no youth (Believer) except for Ali (asws)’’.




حدثنا أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن الحسن بن على الكوفي، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة عن سفيان بن عبد المؤمن الانصاري، عن عمرو ابن شمر، عن جابر قال: أقبل رجل إلى ابى جعفر " ع " وانا حاضر، فقال رحمك الله اقبض هذه الخمسمائة درهم فضعها في موضعها فإنها زكاة مالي، فقال له أبو جعفر عليه السلاام: بل خذها أنت فضعها في جيرانك والايتام والمساكين، وفي اخوانك من المسلمين، إنما يكون هذا إذا قام قائمنا فإنه يقسم بالسوية ويعدل في خلق الرحمان، البر منهم والفاجر، فمن اطاعه فقد اطاع الله، ومن عصاه فقد عصى الله فإنما سمي المهدى لانه يهدى لامر خفي، يستخرج التوراة وسائر كتب الله من غار بانطاكية فيحكم بين أهل التوراة بالتوراة، وبين اهل الانجيل بالانجيل، وبين اهل الزبور بالزبور، وبين اهل الفرقان بالفرقان، وتجمع إليه أموال الدنيا كلها ما في بطن الارض وظهرها، فيقول للناس تعالوا إلى ما قطعتم فيه الارحام وسفكتم فيه الدماء وركبتم فيه محارم الله، فيعطي شيئا لم يعط احدا كان قبله. قال: وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهو رجل مني إسمه كاسمي يحفظني الله فيه ويعمل بسنتي يملا الارض قسطا وعدلا ونورا بعد ما تمتلي ظلما وجورا وسوءا.


3. My father narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Al Hassan Bin Ali AL Kufy, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheira, from Sufyan Bin Abdul Momin Al Ansary, from Amro Ibn Shimr, from Jabir who said, ‘A man came over to Abu Ja’far (asws), and I was present, so he said, ‘May Allah (azwj) have Mercy on you (asws)! Capture these five hundred Dirham, and place this in its (appropriate) place, for this is Zakat of my wealth’. So Abu Ja’far (asws) said to him: ‘But, you take it, and place it (give it out) among your neighbours, and the orphans, and the poor, and among your brethren from the Muslims. But rather, this would become (for us (asws)), when our (asws) Qaim (asws) makes a stand, he (asws) would distribute with the equality and justice among the creatures of the Beneficent, the righteous from them as well as the immoral. So the one who obeys him (asws) has obeyed Allah (azwj), and the one who disobeys him (asws), so he has disobeyed Allah (azwj). But rather, he (asws) has been named as ‘Al-Mahdi’ because would be Guided to the hidden matters. He (asws) would bring out the Torah and the rest of the Books of Allah (azwj) from a cave at Antioch. Thus he (asws) would Judge between the people of the Torah by the Torah, and between the people of the Evangel by the Evangel, and between the people of the Psalms by the Psalms, and between the people of the Quran by the Quran. And all of the wealth of the world would be gathered to him (asws), whatever is in the belly of the earth and upon its back. So he (asws) would be saying to the people: ‘Come to what with regards to which you cut off the relationships, and shed blood with regards to it, and for which you rode upon the Prohibitions of Allah (azwj). So he (asws) would give something which no one had given before him (asws)’. He (asws) said: ‘And Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘And he (asws) is a man (asws) from me (saww), his (asws) name is like my (saww) name. May Allah (azwj) Save me (saww) with regards to it. And he (asws) would be acting in accordance with my (saww) Sunnah. He (asws) would fill the earth with equity, and justice, and Light, after it having being filled with injustice, and tyranny, and darkness’.




حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا جعفر ابن محمد بن مسعود قال: حدثنا جبرئيل بن احمد قال: حدثني الحسن بن خرذاد عن محمد بن موسى بن الفرات، عن يعقوب بن سويد، عن جعفر " ع " قال: قلت له جعلت فداك لم سمي أمير المؤمنين " ع " أمير المؤمنين؟ قال: لانه يميرهم العلم أما سمعت كتاب الله عز وجل (ونمير أهلنا).


4. Al Muzaffar Bin Ja’far Bin Al Muzaffar Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ja’far Ibn Muhammad Bin Masoud, from Jibraeel Bin Ahmad, from Al Hassan Bin Kharzad, from Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Furat, from Yaqoub Bin Suweyd, (The narrator says), ‘I said to (Imam) Ja’far (asws), ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws): ‘Why was Amir Al-Momineen (asws) named as ‘Amir Al-Momineen’?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because he (asws) supplied them (brought them) the knowledge. But have you not heard the Book of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [12:65] and we will bring grain for our family’.