111. The reason due to which Amir Al-Momineen (asws) left Fidak when he (asws) ruled the people

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حدثنا علي بن احمد بن محمد الدقاق قال: حدثني محمد بن أبي عبد الله الكوفي عن موسى بن عمران النخعي عن عمه الحسين بن يزيد النوفلي، عن علي بن سالم عن ابيه، عن ابى بصير عن ابى عبد الله " ع " قال: قلت له لم لم يأخذ أمير المؤمنين " ع " فدك لما ولى الناس ولاي علة تركها؟ فقال: لان الظالم والمظلوم كانا قدما على الله عزوجل، وأثاب الله المظلوم، وعاقب الظالم. فكره ان يسترجع شيئا قد عاقب الله عليه غاصبه وأثاب عليه المغصوب.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad al Daqaq narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy, from Musa Bin Imran Al Nakhai’e, from his uncle Al Husayn Bin Yazeed Al Nowfaly, from Ali Bin Saalim, from his father, from Abu Baseer, (The narrator) says ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Why did Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) not seize Fadak when he (a.s.) ruled the people, and what is the reason for leaving it?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because the oppressor and the oppressed would be preceding to Allah (azwj) Might and Majestic, and Allah (azwj) would Reward the oppressed, and Punish the oppressor. Therefore, he (a.s.) disliked that he (a.s.) should retrieve something and Allah (azwj) would be Punishing its usurper over it, and Rewarding the usurped over it’.




حدثنا احمد بن علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم رحمه الله قال حدثنا أبى، عن ابيه إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن محمد بن ابى عمير، عن إبراهيم الكرخي قال: سألت ابا عبد الله " ع " فقلت له لاي علة ترك علي بن ابى طالب " ع " فدك لما ولى الناس فقال: للاقتداء برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لما فتح مكة وقد باع عقيل بن ابى طالب داره فقيل له يارسول الله ألا ترجع إلى دارك؟ فقال صلى الله عليه وآله وهل ترك عقيل لنا دارا إنا أهل بيت لا نسترجع شيئا يؤخذ منا ظلما. فلذلك لم يسترجع فدك لما ولى.


2. Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim narrated to us, from his father, from his father Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Ibrahim Al Karkhy who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.), so I said to him (a.s.), ‘For which reason did Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) leave Fadak when he (a.s.) ruled the people?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘For (the sake of) following Rasool-Allah (saww), when he (saww) conquered Makkah, and Aqeel son of Abu Talib (as) had sold his (saww) house. So it was said to him (saww), ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Will you (saww) not go to your (saww) house?’ So he (saww) said: ‘And has Aqeel left a house for us (saww)? We (a.s.), the People (a.s.) of the Household, do not retrieve anything which has been seized from us (a.s.) unjustly’. Thus, it was due to that, he (Ali (a.s.)) did not retrieve Fadak when he (a.s.) ruled’.




حدثنا احمد بن الحسن القطان قال: حدثنا احمد بن سعيد الهمداني قال حدثنا علي بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال عن ابيه عن ابى الحسن " ع قال: سألته عن أمير المؤمنين لم لم يسترجع فدكا لما ولى الناس؟ فقال: لانا أهل بيت لا نأخذ حقوقنا ممن ظلمنا الا هو ونحن أولياء المؤمنين إنما نحكم لهم ونأخذ حقوقهم ممن ظلمهم ولا نأخذ لانفسنا.


3. Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qatan narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Saeed Al hamdany, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazal, from his father, (The narrator says) ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) about Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.). Why did he (a.s.) not retrieve Fadak when he (a.s.) ruled the people?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because we (a.s.), the People (a.s.) of the Household, do not seize our (a.s.) rights from the ones who oppress us (a.s.), as he (Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.)) and us (a.s.) are the Guardians of the Believers. But rather, we (a.s.) pass judgement for them and we (a.s.) take their right from the ones who oppress them, but we do not take for ourselves (a.s.)’.