106. Reason for the love for the Sake of Allah (azwj), and the hatred with regards to it, and the friendship to be Made to be Obligatory

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حدثنا محمد بن القاسم الاسترابادي قال: حدثنا يوسف بن محمد بن زياد وعلي بن محمد بن يسار عن أبويهما عن الحسن بن على بن محمد بن موسى بن جعفر ابن محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن علي بن أبى طالب عن أبيه، عن آبائه عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لبعض أصحابه ذات يوم يا عبد الله احب في الله وابغض في الله ووال في الله وعاد في الله فإنه لا تنال ولاية الله إلا بذلك ولا يجد رجل طعم الايمان وان كثرت صلاته وصيامه حتى يكون كذلك وقد صارت مواخاة الناس يومكم هذا اكثرها في الدنيا، عليها يتواددون وعليها يتباغضون وذلك لا يغني عنهم من الله شيئا فقال له: وكيف لي ان اعلم انى قد واليت وعاديت في الله عز وجل ومن ولى الله تعالى حتى اواليه، ومن عدوه حتى أعاديه فاشارله رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إلى علي " ع " فقال أترى هذا فقال بلى فقال ولى هذا ولى الله فواله وعدو هذا عدوالله فعاده ثم قال: وال ولى هذا ولو انه قاتل أبيك وولدك وعاد عدو هذا ولو انه أبوك وولدك.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Qasim Al Astarabady narrated to us, from Yusuf Bin Muhammad Bin Ziyad and Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Yasaar, from their two fathers, (It has been narrated) from Al-Hassan Bin Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Musa (a.s.) Bin Ja’far (a.s.) Ibn Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.), from his (a.s.) forefathers (a.s.) having said: ‘One day Rasool-Allah (saww) said to one of his (saww) companions: ‘O servant of Allah (azwj)! Love for the Sake of Allah (azwj) and hate for the Sake of Allah (azwj), and befriend for the Sake of Allah (azwj) and be inimical for the Sake of Allah (azwj), for the Wilayah of Allah (azwj) cannot be achieved except by that. And a man cannot find (taste) the food of the man (faith) even if he is frequent in his Prayers, and his Fasting, until he becomes like that. Most of the brotherhood that takes place among the people today is for the sake of the world. They are being cordial for the sake of it and being hateful for its sake, and that they would not benefit anything from Allah (azwj)’. So he said to him (saww), ‘And how can I know that I have befriended and been inimical for the Sake of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and who is a friend of Allah (azwj) the High until I go and befriend him, and who is His (azwj) enemy so that I can go and be inimical to him?’ So, Rasool-Allah (saww) indicated towards Ali (a.s.) and said, ‘Do you see this one?’ So he said, ‘Yes’. So he (saww) said: ‘A friend of his (a.s.) is a friend of Allah (azwj), so befriend him (a.s.). And an enemy of his (a.s.) is an enemy of Allah (azwj), so be inimical to him’. Then he (saww) said: ‘Befriend the friend of his (a.s.) even though he may have killed your father and your son, and be inimical to an enemy of his (a.s.) even though he may be your father and your son’.