103. The reason due to which the most prestigious names to Allah (azwj) the High are Muhammad (saww), and Ali (asws), and Fatima (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws)

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حدثنا أبو نصر احمد بن الحسين بن احمد بن عبيد النيسابوري المروانى بنيسابور وما لقيت أنصب منه قال: حدثنا محمد بن اسحاق بن ابراهيم بن مهران السراج قال: حدثنا الحسن بن عرفة العبدي قال حدثنا وكيع بن الجراح عن محمد ابن اسرائيل عن ابى صالح عن أبى ذر رحمه الله قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهو يقول خلقت أنا وعلي بن ابى طالب من نور واحد نسبح الله يمنة العرش قبل ان يخلق آدم بالفى عام فلما ان خلق الله آدم جعل ذلك النور في صلبه ولقد سكن الجنة ونحن في صلبه ولقد هم بالخطيئة ونحن في صلبه ولقد ركب نوح في السفينة ونحن في صلبه ولقد قذف إبراهيم في النار ونحن في صلبه فلم يزل ينقلنا الله عز وجل من أصلاب طاهرة إلى ارحام طاهرة حتى انتهى بنا إلى عبد المطلب فقسمنا بنصفين فجعلني في صلب عبد الله وجعل عليا في صلب أبى طالب وجعل في النبوة والبركة وجعل في علي الفصاحة والفروسية وشق لنا اسمين من اسمائه فذو العرش محمود وانا محمد والله الاعلى وهذا علي.


1. Abu Nasr Ahmad Bin Al Husayn Bin Ahmad Bin Ubeyd Al Neysabouri Al Marwany narrated to us at Naysabour, and focussed at what was received from him, from Muhammad Bin Is’haq Bin Ibrahim Bin Mahran Al Siraj, from Al Hassan Bin Arfat Al Abady, from Waki’e Bin Al Jarah, from Muhammad Ibn Israil, from Abu Salih, (It has been narrated) from Abu Zarr (as) having said, ‘I (as) heard Rasool-Allah (saww) and he (saww) was saying: ‘I (saww) and Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) were Created from One Light. We (asws) were Glorifying Allah (azwj) on the right of the Throne before He (azwj) Created Adam (as) by two thousand years. So when Allah (azwj) Created Adam (as), He (azwj) Made that Light to be in his (as) ‘صلبه’. And he (as) had settled in the Paradise, and we (asws) were in his (as) ‘صلبه’, and he (as) was with the error and we (asws) were in his (as) صلبه, and Noah (as) had embarked in the ship and we (asws) were in his (as) صلبه, and Ibrahim (as) had been thrown in the fire and we (asws) were in his (as) صلبه. Thus, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic did not cease to Transfer us (asws) from a pure صلبه to a pure mothers until it ended up with us (asws) to Abdul Muttalib (as). So He (azwj) Divided us into two parts, and Made me (saww) to be in the صلبه of Abdullah (asws) and Made Ali (asws) to be in the صلبه of Abu Talib (asws), and Made the Prophet-hood and the Blessings to be in me (saww), and Made the eloquence and the horsemanship to be in Ali (asws). And He (azwj) Chose two names for us from His (azwj) Names. Thus, the One with the Throne is ‘Mahmood’ (The Most Praised One), and I (saww) am ‘Muhammad’ (The praised one), and Allah (azwj) is ‘A’ala’ (The most Exalted One), and this is Ali (asws) (The exalted one)’.




حدثنا الحسن بن محمد بن سعيد الهاشمي الكوفي قال: حدثنا فرات بن ابراهيم الكوفي قال: حدثنا الحسن بن علي بن الحسين بن محمد قال حدثنا إبراهيم ابن الفضل بن جعفر بن على بن ابراهيم بن سليمان بن عبد الله بن العباس قال: حدثنا الحسن بن علي الزعفراني البصري قال: حدثنا سهل بن يسار قال: حدثنا أبو جعفر محمد بن علي الطايفي قال حدثنا محمد بن عبد الله مولى بني هاشم عن محمد ابن اسحاق عن الواقدي عن الهذيل عن مكحول عن طاوس عن ابن عباس قال: قال رسول الله لعلي بن أبى طالب " ع " لما خلق الله تعالى ذكره آدم ونفخ فيه من روحه واسجد له ملائكته واسكنه جنته وزوجه حواء امته فوقع طرفه نحو العرش فإذا هو بخمس سطور مكتوبات قال آدم يا رب ما هؤلاء؟ قال تعالى هؤلاء الذين إذا شفعوا بهم إلى خلقي شفعتهم فقال آدم يا رب بقدر هم عندك ما اسمهم؟ فقال أما الاول فانا المحمود وهو محمد، والثاني فانا العالي وهذا علي والثالث فانا الفاطر وهذه فاطمة والرابع فانا المحسن وهذا الحسن والخامس فانا ذو الاحسان وهذا الحسين كل يحمد الله تعالى.


2. Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed Al Hashimy Al Kufy narrated to us, from Furat Bin Ibrahim Al Kufy, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ibrahim Ibn Al Fazal Bin Ja’far Bin Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin suleyman Bin Abdullah Bin Al Abbas, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Za’frany Al Basry, from Sahl Bin Yasaar, from Abu Ja’far Muhammad Bin Ali Al Taify, from Muhammad Bin Abdullah, a slave of the Clan of Hashim (as), from Muhammad Ibn Is’haq, from Al Waqidy, from Al Hazeyl, from Makhoul, from Tawoos, from Ibn Abbas who said, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said to Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws): ‘When Allah (azwj), Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, Created Adam (as), and Blew into him (as) from His (azwj) Spirit, and the Angels Prostrated to him (as), and Settled him (as) in His (azwj) Paradise, and Married His (azwj) Maid Hawwa (as) to him (as), he (as) was near to the Throne and there were five Inscribed lines of writing. Adam (as) said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! What are these?’ The High Said: “They are the ones, when My (azwj) creatures seek intercession by them (asws), I (azwj) shall Intercede”. So Adam (as) said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! By their (asws) value in Your (azwj) Presence, what are their (asws) names?’ He (azwj) Said: “As for the first, so I (azwj) am the Praised One (Al-Mahmoud) and he (saww) is Muhammad (saww); and the second – so I (azwj) am the High and this is Ali (asws); and as for the third, so I (azwj) am the Originator (Faatir), and this is Fatima (asws); and the fourth, so I (azwj) am the Bountiful (Al-Mohsin) and this is Al-Hassan (asws); and the fifth, so I (azwj) am with the Favours (Zul-hsaan) and this is Al-Husayn (asws). All of them (asws) are Glorifying Allah (azwj) the High”.




حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن اسحاق الطالقاني رضى الله عنه قال حدثنا عبد العزيز بن يحيى الجلودي قال: حدثني المغيرة بن محمد بن قال حدثنا رجاء بن سلمة عن عمرو بن شمر عن جابر الجعفي في حديث طويل يذكر اسماء أمير المؤمنين " ع " في التوراة والانجيل والزبور وعند الهند وعند الروم وعند الفرس وعند الترك وعند الزنج وعند الكهنة وعند الحبشة وعند ابيه وعند امه وعند ظئره وعند العرب ثم يفسر كل اسم بمعناه ويقول في آخره اختلف الناس من أهل المعرفة لم سمى علي عليا فقالت طائفة لم يسم أحد من ولد آدم قبله بهذا الاسم في العرب ولا في العجم إلا ان يكون الرجل من العرب يقول ابني هذا على يريد من العلو لا انه اسمه وانما سمى به الناس بعده وفي وقته وقالت طائفة سمى عليا لعلوه على كل من بارزه، وقالت طائفة سمى عليا لان داره في الجنان تعلو حتى تحاذي منازل الانبياء، وقالت طائفة سمى عليا لانه علا على ظهر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بقدميه طاعة لله تعالى ولم يعل أحد على ظهر نبي غيره عند حط الاصنام من وسط الكعبة، وقالت طائفة إنما سمي عليا لانه زوج في أعلا السموات، ولم يزوج احد من خلق الله في ذلك الموضع غيره، وقالت طائفة إنما سمي عليا لانه أعلي الناس علما بعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم.


3. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Talaqany narrated to us, from Abdul Aziz Bin Yahya Al Jaloudy, from Al Mugheira Bin Muhammad, from Raja’a Bin Salma, from Amro Bin Shimr, (It has been narrated) from Jabir Al Ju’fy in a lengthy Hadeeth (from the 6 (th) Imam (asws)) mentioning the names of Amir Al-Momineen (asws) in the Torah, and the Evangel, and the Psalms, and among the Indians, and among the Romans, and among the Persians, and among the Turks, among the people of Al-Zanj (East Africa), and among the sooth-sayers, and among the Ethiopians, and with his (asws) father (as), and with his (asws) mother (as), and among his (asws) adherents, and among the Arabs. Then he (asws) explained every name along with its meaning, and was saying at the end of it: ‘There is a differing among the people of the understanding, why Ali (asws) was named as ‘Ali’. So a group said, ‘No one from the Children of Adam (as) had been named before him (asws) with this name, neither among the Arabs nor among the non-Arabs, except that the man from the Arabs was saying, ‘This son of mine is ‘Ali’, intending by it the highness, not that it was his name. But rather, the people named by it after him (asws), and during his (asws) time. And a group said, ‘He (asws) was named as ‘Ali’ due to his (asws) highness over every one who duelled (against) him (asws). And a group said, ‘He (asws) was named as Ali (asws) because of his (asws) house in the Paradise being so high that it would be parallel to the houses of the Prophets (as). And a group said, ‘He (asws) was named as ‘Ali’ because he (asws) was high above the shoulders of Rasool-Allah (saww) by his (asws) feet, in obedience to Allah (azwj) the High, and no one was elevated upon the shoulders of His (azwj) Prophet (saww) apart from him (asws), during the felling of the idols from the middle of the Kabah. And a group said, ‘But rather, he (asws) was named as Ali (asws) because he (asws) was married in the high skies, and no one from the creatures of Allah (azwj) was ever married in that place apart from him (asws). And a group said, ‘But rather, he (asws) was the highest of the people in knowledge after Rasool-Allah (saww)’.




حدثنا احمد بن الحسن القطان قال: حدثنا أبو سعيد الحسن بن علي بن الحسين السكري قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله محمد بن زكريا بن دينار الغلابى قال: حدثنا علي بن حكيم قال: حدثنا الربيع بن عبد الله، عن عبد الله بن الحسن، عن محمد بن على عن أبيه عليهما السلام، عن جابر بن عبد الله الانصاري، قال الغلابى وحدثني شعيب بن واقد قال: حدثني اسحاق بن جعفر بن محمد، عن الحسين بن عيسى بن زيد بن علي، عن أبيه عليه السلام عن جابر بن عبد الله، قال الغلابى: وحدثنا العباس بن بكار قال: حدثنا حرب بن ميمون عن أبى حمزة الثمالي عن زيد ابن علي عن أبيه عليهما السلام قال: لما ولدت فاطمة صلى الله عليها الحسن " ع " قالت لعلى سمه فقال ما كنت لاسبق باسمه رسول الله فجاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فاخرج إليه في خرقة صفراء فقال: الم أنهكم ان تلفوه في خرقة صفراء ثم رمى بها وأخذ خرقة بيضاء فلفه فيها ثم قال لعلى عليه السلام هل سميته؟ فقال ما كنت لاسبقك باسمه فقال صلى الله عليه واله وما كنت لاسبق باسمه ربى عز وجل، فأوحى الله تبارك وتعالى إلى جبرئيل انه ولد لمحمد ابن فاهبط فاقرأه السلام وهنه وقل له ان عليا منك بمنزلة هارون من موسى فسمه باسم ابن هارون، فهبط جبرئيل فهناه من الله تعالى ثم قال ان الله جل جلاله يأمرك ان تسميه باسم ابن هارون قال: وما كان اسمه؟ قال شبر قال لساني عربي، قال سمه الحسن فسماه الحسن، فلما ولد الحسين " ع " أوحي الله تعالى إلى جبرئيل " ع " أنه قد ولد لمحمد ابن فاهبط إليه فهنه وقل له ان عليا منك بمنزلة هارون من موسى فسمه باسم ابن هارون فهبط جبرئيل " ع " فهناه من الله تعالى ثم قال: ان الله عز وجل يامرك ان تسميه باسم ابن هارون، فقال وما كان اسمه؟ قال: شبيرا، قال: لساني عربي، قال: سمه الحسين.


4. Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qatan narrated to us, from Abu Saeed Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Sakary, from Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Zakariyya Bin dinar Al Ghalaby, from Ali Bin Hakee,, from Al Rabie Bin Abdullah, from Abdullah Bin Al Hassan, from Muhammad Bin Ali (asws), from his (asws) father (asws), from Jabir Bin Abdullah Al Ansary, from Al Ghalaby and Shuayb Bin Waqad, from Is’haq Bin Ja’far Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Isa Bin Zayd son of Ali (asws), from his father (asws), from Jabir Bin Abdullah, from Al Abbas Bin Bakaar, from Harn Bin Maymoun, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly, from Zayd son of Ali (asws), (It has been narrated) from his father (asws) having said: ‘When Fatima (asws) was blessed with Al-Hassan (asws), she (asws) said to Ali (asws): ‘Name him (asws)’. So he (asws) said: ‘It was never for me (asws) to preceded Rasool-Allah (saww) with naming him (asws)’. So when Rasool-Allah (saww) came over, he (asws) brought him (asws) out (wrapped up) in a yellow cloth. So he (saww) said: ‘Have I (saww) not forbidden you (asws) to wrap him (asws) in a yellow cloth?’ Then he (saww) threw away and grabbed a white cloth and wrapped him (asws) up in it. Then he (saww) said to Ali (asws): ‘Have you (asws) named him (asws) yet?’ So he (asws) said: ‘It was never for me (asws) to precede you (saww) with naming him (asws)’. So he (saww) said: ‘And it was never for me (saww) to preceded my (saww) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic with naming him (asws)’. So Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Revealed unto Jibraeel (as) that there has been a gift for Muhammad (saww), so go down and Convey the Greetings to him (saww), and congratulate him (saww) and say to him: “Ali (asws) from you (saww) is of the status of Haroun (as) from Musa (as), therefore name him with the name of the son of Haroun (as)”. So Jibraeel (as) descended and congratulated him (saww) from Allah (azwj) the High, then said: ‘Allah (azwj), Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty Commands you (saww) that you (saww) should name him (as) with the name of a son of Haroun (as)’. He (saww) said: ‘And what was his name?’ He (as) said: ‘Shabbar’. He (saww): ‘My (saww) language is Arabic’. He (as) said: ‘Name him (asws) as ‘Al-Hassan’. So he (saww) named him (asws) as ‘Al-Hassan’. So when Al-Husayn (asws) came (to the holy family (asws)), Allah (azwj) Revealed unto Jibraeel (as): “There has been a son (asws) for Muhammad (saww), so descend unto him (saww), and congratulate him (saww), and say to him (saww) that Ali (asws) from you (saww) is at the status of Haroun (as) from Musa (as), therefore name him (asws) with the name of the son of Haroun (as)”. So Jibraeel (as) descended, and congratulated him (saww) from Allah (azwj) the High, then said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Commands you (saww) that you (saww) should name him (asws) with the name of a son of Haroun (as)’. So he (saww) said: ‘And what was his name?’ He (as) said: ‘Shabeer’. He (saww) said: ‘My (saww) language is Arabic’. He (as) said: ‘Name him (asws) as ‘Al-Husayn’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن العباس بن بكار قال حدثنا عباد بن كثير وابو بكر الهذلي، عن ابن الزبير، عن جابر قال: لما حملت فاطمة بالحسن فولدت وقد كان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله أمرهم ان يلفوه في خرقة بيضاء فلفوه في صفراء وقالت فاطمة عليها السلام يا علي سمه فقال: ما كنت لاسبق باسمه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فجاء النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فاخذه وقبله وادخل لسانه في فيه فجعل الحسن " ع " يمصه ثم قال لهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله الم اتقدم اليكم إلا تلفوه في خرقة صفراء فدعا بخرقة بيضاء فلفه ورمى الصفراء واذن في اذنه اليمنى وأقام في اليسرى ثم قال لعلى " ع " ما سميته قال: ما كنت لاسبقك باسمه فأوحى الله تعالى ذكره إلى جبرئيل " ع " انه قد ولد لمحمد ابن فاهبط إليه فاقرأه السلام وهنه مني ومنك وقل له ان عليا منك بمنزلة هارون من موسى فسمه باسم ابن هارون فهبط جبرئيل فهناه من الله تعالى ثم قال: ان الله جل جلاله يامرك ان تسميه باسم ابن هارون قال: ماكان اسمه؟ قال: شبر، قال: لساني عربي قال: سمه الحسن فسماه الحسن فلما ولد الحسين جاء إليهم النبي ففعل به كما فعل بالحسن " ع " وهبط جبرئيل على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال ان الله تعالى يقرئك السلام ويقول لك ان عليا منك بمنزلة هارون من موسى فسمه باسم ابن هارون قال: وما كان أسمه؟ قال شبيرا قال لساني عربي قال فسمه الحسين فسماه الحسين.


5. And by this chain, from Al Abbas Bin Bakaar, from Abaad Bin Kaseer and Abu Bakr Al Hazaly, from Ibn Al Zubeyr, from Jabir who said, ‘When Fatima (asws) was blessed with Al-Hassan (asws), and the Prophet (saww) had ordered them (asws) that they (asws) should wrap him (asws) in a white wrapping, but they wrapped him (asws) in yellow, and Fatima (asws) said: ‘O Ali (asws)! Name him (as)’. So he (asws) said: ‘It was not for me (asws) that I (asws) should preceded Rasool-Allah (saww) with naming him (asws)’. So the Prophet (as) came over and took him (asws), and kissed him (asws), and entered his (saww) tongue into his (asws) mouth. So Al-Hassan (asws) went on to touch him (saww). Then Rasool-Allah (saww) said to them (asws): ‘Did I (saww) not send (my (saww) instructions) forward to you (asws) not to wrap him (asws) in a yellow wrapping?’ So he (saww) called for a white wrapping, and wrapped him (asws) in it, and threw away the yellow, and recited ‘Azaan’ (Call for the Prayer) in his (asws) right ear, and ‘Iqamah’ (Call for the establishment of the Prayer) in his (asws) left’. Then he (saww) said to Ali (asws): ‘What have you (asws) named him (asws) as?’ He (asws) said: ‘It was never for me (asws) that I (asws) should precede you (saww) with naming him (asws)’. So Allah (azwj), Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, Revealed unto Jibraeel (as): “There has been a son for Muhammad (saww), therefore go down to him (saww), and Convey the Greetings and congratulation from Me (azwj) and from you (as), and say to him (saww): ‘Ali (asws) is from you (asws) at the status of Haroun (as) from Musa (as), so name him (asws) with the name of a son of Haroun (as)’”. So Jibraeel (as) descended and congratulated him (saww) from Allah (azwj) the High, then said: ‘Allah (azwj), Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, Commands you (saww) that you (saww) should name him (asws) the name of a son of Haroun (sa)’. He (saww) said: ‘What was his name?’ He (as) said: ‘Shabar’. He (saww) said: ‘My (saww) language is Arabic’. He (as) said: ‘Name him (asws) as ‘Al-Hassan’. So he (saww) named him (asws) as ‘Al-Hassan’. So when Al-Husayn (asws) was blessed, the Prophet (saww) came over to them (asws), so he (saww) did with him (asws) as he (saww) had done with Al-Hassan (asws), and Jibraeel (as) descended unto the Prophet (saww) and said: ‘Allah (azwj) the High Conveys the Greetings to you (saww) and is Saying to you (saww) that Ali (asws) is from you (saww) of the status of Haroun (as) from Musa (as), therefore name him (asws) with the name of a son of Haroun (as)’. He (saww) said: ‘And what was his name?’ He (as) said: ‘Shabeera’. He (saww) said: ‘My (saww) language is Arabic’. He (as) said: ‘So name him (asws) as ‘Al-Husayn’. So he (saww) named him as ‘Al-Husayn’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن الغلابى قال: حدثنا الحكم بن اسلم قال حدثنا وكيع عن الاعمش عن سالم قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله انى سميت ابني هذين باسم ابني هارون شبرا وشبيرا.


6. And by this chain, from Al Ghalaby, from Al Hakam Bin Aslam, from Wakie, from Al Amsh, from Salim who said, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) named my (saww) two sons (asws) with the names of the two sons of Haroun (as), Shabra, and Shabeera’.




حدثنا الحسن بن محمد بن يحيى العلوي رحمه الله قال حدثني جدي قال حدثني احمد بن صالح التميمي قال حدثنا عبد الله بن عيسى عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه عليهما السلام قال أهدى جبرئيل إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اسم الحسن بن علي " ع " وخرقة حرير من ثياب الجنة واشتق اسم الحسين من اسم الحسن عليهما السلام.


7. Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Alawy narrated to us, from his grandfather, from Ahmad Bin Salih Al Tameemi, from Abdullah Bin Isa, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far Bin Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) having said: ‘Jibraeel (as) gifted to Rasool-Allah (saww) the name of Al-Hassan Bin Ali (asws), and a silk cloth from the clothing of the Paradise, and the name of Al-Husayn (asws) was derived from the name of Al-Hassan (asws)’.